These 25 Insanely Embarrassing Mistakes In History Will Leave You Scratching Your Head.

They say history repeats itself. Which means that all of the glorious bravery and stories are constantly serving as examples. It’s why it’s important to learn from history, as they help us navigate our lives, and our civilization. But history also has a darker side… it shows us the mistakes that don’t bear repeating. Those horrible decisions, those stupid mistakes, those idiotic moves that should never be repeated. Learn from these 25 examples, and be wiser for it.

25. Alexander the Great not naming an heir which led directly to the fall of his empire.

24. The 12 book publishers who turned down Harry Potter.

23. Faulty construction leading to the meltdown of the Chernobyl Reactor, the consequences of which are still being counted to this day.

22. The Japanese attacking Pearl Harbor when not a single US aircraft carrier was in port.

21. Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s driver making a wrong turn that led right to the feet of his assassin, Gavrilo Princip. Two World Wars that could have been at least postponed by a Garmin.

20. 14th century China abandoning its navy and pursuing a policy of isolationism. It arguably could have been much more influential than any European power.

19. Some random fool who left the door open to Constantinople, allowing the Turks to conquer easily.

18. Filling the Hindenburg with hydrogen.

17. Falling for the Trojan Horse (if it actually ever existed).

16. Inca ruler Atahualpa agreeing to meet Conquistador Fransisco Pizarro during which 200 Spanish horseman ambushed and defeated 80,000 Inca warriors.

15. Russia selling Alaska to the US for 2 cents an acre because they thought it was a useless tundra.

14. The Dutch discovering Australia 100 years before the British but ignoring it because they thought it was a useless desert.

13. The Persians sending Genghis Khan’s ambassador back to Genghis Khan without a head and bringing the wrath of Mongolia down on themselves.

12. Napolean thinking he could invade Russia in winter.

11. Hitler thinking he could do better than Napoleon.

10. NASA loses a Mars orbiter because part of the team used metric units and the other half used English.

9. Decca Records turning down the Beatles because they weren’t sellable.

8. Not having enough life boats on the Titanic because it was “unsinkable.”

7. It took 177 years to build the Tower of Pisa and only 10 years for it to start leaning.

6. NASA accidentally taping over the moonlanding. In fact, there are no known original recordings of the event.

5. Assassinating Caesar in order to save the Republic and not realizing that the assassination would all but ensure its demise.

4. Thinking that the West Indies was Southeast Asia.

3. Although nobody knows who was responsible, the burning of the library of Alexandria was potentially the world’s single greatest loss of knowledge ever.

2. Not giving Hannibal siege equipment, which lead to Hannibal basically ignoring Rome, which led to Rome basically destroying Hannibal.

1. In 1788 the Austrian army accidentally attacked itself and lost 10,000 men.

Can you believe the one about NASA??? I remember watching that special on Fox a million years ago about how “NASA faked the Moon landing” but never gave it much credit. Let’s just hope we learn from our mistakes when we land on Mars… or maybe have a few extra DVRs running 😉 Source: List 25

Read more: http://viralnova.com/25-embarrassing-mistakes-in-history/

Literal Manscapes Are Now Available Thanks to One Ambitious Stylist.

Modern society has made it more acceptable for men and women to make choices about what to do with their body hair. A variety of management techniques offer those with body hair different options to manage it. You can shave or wax, use a depilatory cream, or get electrolysis and never have to worry about maintenance again. Or, you can go au naturel and embrace your fuzz. For the most part, men and women alike take a pretty simple approach to body hair, although we’ve seen some interesting bikini-line geometry in our day. 

Celebrity hairstylist Daniel Johnson wants to make things fancier. The English stylist known for managing the hair of famous footballers like Ashley Cole, Gareth Blue, and Erik Lamela looks to spruce up hair beyond the head. Johnson began carving intricate images into his male clients’ chest hair after finding inspiration from an Instagram tag. His detailed work required trimming the hairs to different lengths, from 0 to 15 milimeters, to create the effect. It’s no easy task, either, since chest hair is all wiry and curly.

It’s like the manliest world tour ever.

He’s going to get a little boat down at the bottom to complete the landscape.

He seems a bit baffled by the results. It grows back, dude!

“Take in the view, ladies.”

The end result is a bunch of dudes with iconic landscapes… er, manscapes… on their chests. Johnson created the New York City skyline, the Pyramids of Giza, the Sydney Opera House, and Stonehenge… in hair. Because nothing puts a finishing touch on a beach bod like some prehistoric megaliths, amirite?

(Photos via Braun)

Read more: http://viralnova.com/chest-shaving-manscaping/

These Poor People Don’t Understand How Hair Works. Oh No…

I’ve been to the barber a bunch of times in my life and I’ve rarely left satisfied with the end result. I always worry about how stupid I’ll look with my new haircut. But these people right here? They are on a completely different level. (It’s not good.)

1.) I think she likes Dr. Seuss too much.

2.) Next time, just shave your whole head.

3.) This can’t be physically possible, right?

4.) This Rapunzel is FO REAL.

5.) … … yikes.

6.) No, it’s not a chin strap. It’s a head strap.

7.) What? The “chicken foot” hairstyle is so in.

8.) Why, yes. That IS a rat tail.

9.) This is also a rat tail.

10.) This is an explosion of NO.

11.) Looking as if you have an animal in your hair = not a good thing.

12.) Pippi Longstockings got real scary, real fast.

13.) First, he’ll lay you out. Then, he’ll confuse you with his beard.

14.) Who needs a veil when you have your own hair?

15.) LOLOLOL. Nope.

16.) Cousin It’s sexier sister.

 

Now I don’t feel too bad about my haircut. I think I’m looking pretty good actually. Share this post if you know some people with bad haircuts.

Read more: http://viralnova.com/bad-hair/

“12 Years A Slave,” “American Hustle” Dominate The 2014 Golden Globe Nominations

1. Best Picture – Drama

Columbia Picture

12 Years a Slave
Gravity
Philomena
Rush
Captain Phillips (pictured)

2. Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama

Fox Searchlight

Chiwetel Ejiofor, 12 Years a Slave (pictured)
Idris Elba, Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom
Tom Hanks, Captain Phillips
Matthew McConaughey, Dallas Buyers Club
Robert Redford, All Is Lost

3. Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama

Warner Bros. Pictures

Cate Blanchett, Blue Jasmine
Sandra Bullock, Gravity (pictured)
Judi Dench, Philomena
Emma Thompson, Saving Mr. Banks
Kate Winslet, Labor Day

4. Best Picture – Comedy or Musical

Paramount Vantage

American Hustle
Her
Inside Llewyn Davis
Nebraska
(pictured)
The Wolf of Wall Street

5. Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical

Columbia Pictures

Christian Bale, American Hustle (pictured)
Bruce Dern, Nebraska
Leonardo DiCaprio, The Wolf of Wall Street
Oscar Isaac, Inside Llewyn Davis
Joaquin Phoenix, Her

6. Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical

The Weinstein Company

Amy Adams, American Hustle
Julie Delpy, Before Midnight
Greta Gerwig, Frances Ha
Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Enough Said
Meryl Streep, August: Osage County (pictured)

7. Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture

Focus Features

Barkhad Abdi, Captain Phillips
Daniel Brühl, Rush
Bradley Cooper, American Hustle
Michael Fassbender, 12 Years a Slave
Jared Leto, Dallas Buyers Club (pictured)

8. Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture

Columbia Pictures

Sally Hawkins, Blue Jasmine
Jennifer Lawrence, American Hustle (pictured)
Lupita Nyong’o, 12 Years a Slave
Julia Roberts, August: Osage County
June Squibb, Nebraska

9. Best Director in a Motion Picture

Eric Thayer / Reuters

 

Alfonso Cuarón, Gravity
Paul Greengrass, Captain Phillips
Steve McQueen, 12 Years a Slave
Alexander Payne, Nebraska
David O. Russell, American Hustle (pictured)

10. Best Animated Feature

Disney

The Croods
Despicable Me 2
Frozen (pictured)

11. Best Foreign Language Film

Sundance Selects

Blue is the Warmest Color
 (pictured)
The Great Beauty

The Hunt

The Past

The Wind Rises

12. Best Original Screenplay

The Weinstein Company

12 Years a Slave, John Ridley
American Hustle, David O. Russell, Eric Singer
Her, Spike Jonze
Nebraska, Bob Nelson
Philomena (pictured), Steve Coogan and Jeff Pope

13. Best Original Song

CBS Films

“Atlas,” The Hunger Games: Catching Fire
“Let It Go,” Frozen
“Ordinary Love,” Mandela: Long Walk To Freedom

“Please, Mr. Kennedy,” Inside Llewyn Davis
 (pictured)
“Sweeter Than Fiction,” One Chance

14. Best Original Score

Roadside Attractions

12 Years a Slave
All is Lost

 (pictured)

The Book Thief

Gravity
Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom


15. Best Television Drama

Netflix

Breaking Bad
Downton Abbey
The Good Wife
House of Cards
(pictured)
Masters of Sex

16. Best Actor in a Television Drama

AMC

Bryan Cranston, Breaking Bad (pictured)
Liev Schrieber, Ray Donovan
Michael Sheen, Masters of Sex
Kevin Spacey, House of Cards
James Spader, The Blacklist

17. Best Actress in a Television Drama

ABC

Julianna Margulies, The Good Wife
Tatiana Maslany, Orphan Black
Taylor Schilling, Orange is the New Black
Kerry Washington, Scandal (pictured)
Robin Wright, House of Cards

18. Best Television Comedy or Musical

ABC

The Big Bang Theory
Brooklyn Nine-Nine
Girls
Modern Family (pictured)
Parks and Recreation

19. Best Actor in a Television Comedy or Musical

NBC

Jason Bateman, Arrested Development
Don Cheadle, House of Lies
Michael J. Fox, The Michael J. Fox Show (pictured)
Jim Parsons, The Big Bang Theory
Andy Samberg, Brooklyn Nine-Nine

20. Best Actress in a Television Comedy or Musical

HBO

Zooey Deschanel, New Girl
Lena Dunham, Girls
Edie Falco, Nurse Jackie
Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Veep (pictured)
Amy Poehler, Parks and Recreation

21. Best Miniseries or Made-for-Television Movie

HBO

American Horror Story: Coven
Behind the Candelabra (pictured)
Dancing on the Edge
Top of the Lake
White Queen

22. Best Actor in a Miniseries or Made-for-Television Movie

BBC America

Matt Damon, Behind the Candelabra
Michael Douglas, Behind the Candelabra
Chiwetel Ejiofor, Dancing on the Edge
Idris Elba, Luther (pictured)
Al Pacino, Phil Spector

23. Best Actress in a Miniseries or Made-for-Television Movie

Sundance Channel

Helena Bonham Carter, Burton and Taylor
Rebecca Ferguson, White Queen
Jessica Lange, American Horror Story: Coven
Helen Mirren, Phil Spector
Elisabeth Moss, Top of the Lake (pictured)

24. Best Supporting Actor in a Television Comedy, Drama, Miniseries, or Movie

Showtime

Josh Charles, The Good Wife
Rob Lowe, Behind the Candelabra
Aaron Paul, Breaking Bad
Corey Stoll, House of Cards
Jon Voight, Ray Donovan (pictured)

25. Best Supporting Actress in a Television Comedy, Drama, Miniseries, or Movie

NBC

Jacqueline Bisset, Dancing on the Edge
Janet McTeer, White Queen
Hayden Panettiere, Nashville
Monica Potter, Parenthood (pictured)
Sofia Vergara, Modern Family

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/jaimieetkin/12-years-a-slave-american-hustle-dominate-the-2014-golden-gl

11 Perfect Jason Sudeikis “Saturday Night Live” Characters

1. The Phantom of the Opera

Often, Sudeikis played the show’s “regular” guy amid an ensemble of kookier characters — even when he was wearing a Phantom of the Opera mask. Nobody did it better.

2. Pete Twinkle

View this embed ›

This series of female sports sketches were really just a vehicle for Sudeikis to deliver an increasingly ribald series of slogans about various lady products.

(Bonus Will Forte alert!)

3. Just Friends Booty Shorts Model

This may be controversial, but I think Sudeikis has the better butt here.

4. Young Chuck Norris Singer

Andy Samberg may be playing Young Chuck Norris, but this is all about the commitment Sudeikis brings to belting the line, “Young Chuck Norris! This is a tribute to thee! Live on brave warrior — into e-TER-na-TEEEEEEEEE!”

5. The Devil

I just loved the louche glee Sudeikis brings to playing the devil. “You just got damned! Woo!”

6. Jesus, Football Fan

Sudeikis basically played Jesus the same way he played the Devil — as an affable dude who can’t stand people who take themselves too seriously. Kinda weird it worked both ways.

7. Wannabe NASA Astronaut and Potato Chip Enthusiast

View this embed ›

Filthy chip stealer.

(More bonus Will Forte!)

8. Urigro Spokesman

Who else could credibly pull off the line “thick, ropy jets of urine”? NO ONE ELSE.

9. One of the Two A-Holes

The character that first put Sudeikis and Kristen Wiig on the map at SNL demonstrated two of his best strengths: A deadpan commitment to his character, and setting up other actors to shine (in this case, Wiig).

10. Member of Bon Jovi Opposite Band Jon Bovi

Bonus Will Forte trifecta!

11. Vice President Joe Biden

No one at SNL has been able to figure out how squeeze comedy out of a Barack Obama impression the same way George W. Bush and Bill Clinton provided years of material. Instead, the clutch impersonation of the Obama administration has been Sudeikis’ Joe Biden. (It was definitely stronger than his Mitt Romney.) It’s a perfect match of subject and actor, really. I’m not quite sure how SNL will be able to find a better one.

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/adambvary/jason-sudeikis-characters-on-snl

How Joss Whedon Became OK With Twitter

1. Joss Whedon, writer/director of The Avengers and creator of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, Firefly, and Dollhouse, has joined Twitter!

4. It’s been a long, winding journey to Twitter for the cult icon.

5. Whedon has been communicating with fans online since Buffy was on the air, first using a now-defunct fan message board called “The Bronze” and then posting and commenting on the community blog Whedonesque.

6. On May 9, 2012, after The Avengers smashed opening weekend box office records, he wrote a touching message on the site thanking fans for their years of support.

 

9. In a comment on Whedonesque’s post about the Much Ado About Nothing tweets, Whedon wrote that he was “still too lazy/confused” to get his own Twitter account.

13. He even did the Harlem Shake!

No, These Are Not Vicious Torture Devices. What They Are Is Actually Even More Terrifying.

When most people say “back in the day,” they’re referring to a better (or simpler) time. They often leave out, though, that “back in the day” there were some straight up terrifying things around as well. Medical advancements weren’t all that advanced, resulting in some truly awful things going down in the doctor’s office. Take these old-school surgical tools for example. They look like instruments of torture, but they were actually used in surgeries and examinations normally. (Life used to be very, very scary.)

1.) Amputation Knife (1700s): These sharp knives were used for amputations during the 18th century. They were typically curved so that surgeons could cut through the skin and muscle before the bone was cut with a saw.

2.) Amputation Saw (1600s): Some surgeons had decorated, fancy amputation/bone saws such as this… but sometimes the extra details and carvings were a breeding ground for bacteria.

3.) Arrow Remover (1500s): It is thought that this strange-looking tool was inserted into a wound in a contracted position. Then, the central shaft was used to grab an arrow. The blades were then expanded so that the arrow head wouldn’t rip out the flesh on its way out.

4.) Artificial Leech (1800s): Bloodletting was a popular treatment for a range of medical conditions. In 1840 the artificial leech was created and was used frequently in eye and ear surgery. The rotating blades would pierce the skin and the tube would suck up the patient’s blood like a syringe.

5.) Bullet Extractor (1500s): These extractors could reach bullets embedded deeply in a patient’s body. Pulling out a bullet was sometimes risky and could result in more injury, but was common practice.

6.) Cervical Dilator (1800s): This could be used to dilate a woman’s cervix during labor. You could determine the amount of dilation with the measurement scale on the handle. Doctors stopped using these because they would often cause the cervix to tear.

7.) Circumcision Knife (1770s): Ritual circumcision common, but tools like this sharp European knife from the 18th century make it seem like a brutal and archaic practice.

8.) Ecraseur (1870s): This tool was used to remove hemorrhoids, uterine tumors or ovarian tumors by severing them. The chain was looped over the mass and tightened using the ratchet, stopping the circulation of blood to the area.

9.) Hemorrhoid Forceps (1800s): To remove a hemorrhoid, these forceps were used to grasp it and apply pressure to stop the blood supply. As a result, the hemorrhoid would usually fall off.

10.) Hernia Tool (1850s): This tool was used after hernias were corrected. It would be inserted into the body near the affected area and left there for a short amount of time. The tool would help encourage the formation of scar tissue, holding the hernia in.

11.) Hirtz Compass (1915): This compass could used to be locate bullets within a body, using trajectory formulas, so that they could be removed with precision.

12.) Hysterotome/Metrotome (1860s-90s): This hysterotome (or metrotome) was used to amputate the cervix during a hysterectomy.

13.) Lithotome (1740s-1830s): In order to remove bladder stones, the bladder would need to be cut and doctors would use a lithotome to do it. The shaft contained a hidden blade that was inserted into the bladder and then released using a spring handle.

14.) Mouth Gag (1880s-1910s): This wooden, screw-shaped mouth gag wasn’t used to silence patients. It would be inserted into an unconscious patient’s mouth to ensure their airway was open.

15.) Scarificator (1910s-20s): Scarificators were used in bloodletting, to help draw out the blood. The spring-loaded blades in this device would cut the skin and then the device would be warmed to encourage blood flow.

16.) Skull Saw (1830s-60s): To access the brain, this hand-cranked skull saw would be used to cut through the cranium.

17.) Tobacco Smoke Enema (1750s-1810s): This kit would be used to infuse tobacco smoke into a patient’s rectum. It was used primarily the resuscitation of drowning victims. The warmth of the smoke was thought to promote respiration.

18.) Tonsil Guillotine (1860s): To remove tonsils, this tool was used. It’s like a small guillotine. The blades would slice off the infected tonsils, but would often cause hemorrhaging and would leave tonsil remnants in the throat.

19.) Trephine (1800s): The trephine basically was a hand-powered drill with a cylindrical blade, used to bore into the skull. The spike in the center would hold the instrument still while cutting.

20.) Vaginal Speculum (1600s): Specula have been used for thousands of years by doctors, mainly so that they could examine a woman’s vaginal area. This 17th century European example is ornate and intimidating, but is similar to the specula used today.

You thought you were nervous about needles? These frightening instruments seriously take the cake (and an arm and a leg). Show people what life used to be like by sharing this article.

Read more: http://viralnova.com/old-surgical-instruments/

A Tribute To The Departing Characters Of “Glee”

1. Goodbye to Mercedes Jones, the fiercest diva McKinley High ever had.

 

2. Sorry Rachel, but you could never really compete with this.

 

3. Mercedes knew she was a star, even when she was relegated to the background.

 

4. She spoke up for those who didn’t have a voice.

 

5. And added some much needed diversity to Glee Club.

 

6. A fond farewell to Noah “Puck” Puckerman, stud.

 

7. Weirdly enough, he was also a total sweetheart.

 

8. I mean, sure, he tried to be tough.

 

9. But beneath all that, he had so much heart.

 

10. Just try not to fall in love.

 

11. Peace out, Mike Chang. You had style.

 

12. And he could DANCE.

 

13. Of course, he was always a dork about it, which is so much cuter.

 

14. And he bonded with everyone, because he was just that likable.

 

15. We’ll miss that talented goofball.

 

16. It’s hard losing Quinn, who went from ridiculous to empowered.

 

17. She found her voice.

 

18. And became, against all odds, Glee’s first feminist.

These 13 People Are Not Twins. What’s Even More Unbelievable…They’ve Never Even Met Til Now.

Canadian photographer Francois Bruenelle accomplished something I never thought possible (or really thought about at all, honestly). The photog from Québec found the most amazing, real-life dopplegangers and photographed them together. (A doppleganger is the “apparition or double of a living person.”) These photographs are quite shocking when you realize that none of the people pictured below knew each other or were related.

While not completely identical by any means, what Francois pulled off is pretty awesome. Check them out.

Who knows how this happens, but whatever the reason for it, it’s certainly freaky. To see more of Francois’s doppleganger work, visit his site.

FrancoisBrunelle.com

Click below to share this anomaly with others.

Read more: http://viralnova.com/doppleganger-photos/