10 More Unsolved Mysteries of the World

There is no doubt that some of our most popular lists are ones which revolve around mystery and intrigue. Fortunately for us all, there is no end to the number of weird and wonderful mysteries in the world, so we are now able to present our fourth list of unsolved mysteries. So – onwards to the world of the mysterious!

Grooved Spheres

Over the last few decades, miners in South Africa have been digging up mysterious metal spheres. Origin unknown, these spheres measure approximately an inch or so in diameter, and some are etched with three parallel grooves running around the equator. Two types of spheres have been found: one is composed of a solid bluish metal with flecks of white; the other is hollowed out and filled with a spongy white substance. The kicker is that the rock in which they where found is Precambrian – and dated to 2.8 billion years old! Who made them and for what purpose is unknown.


In 1938, an archaeological expedition led by Dr. Chi Pu Tei into the Baian-Kara-Ula mountains of China made an astonishing discovery in some caves that had apparently been occupied by some ancient culture. Buried in the dust of ages on the cave floor were hundreds of stone disks. Measuring about nine inches in diameter, each had a circle cut into the center and was etched with a spiral groove, making it look for all the world like some ancient phonograph record some 10,000 to 12,000 years old. The spiral groove, it turns out, is actually composed of tiny hieroglyphics that tell the incredible story of spaceships from some distant world that crash-landed in the mountains. The ships were piloted by people who called themselves the Dropa, and the remains of whose descendants, possibly, were found in the cave.

Ica Stones-1

Beginning in the 1930s, the father of Dr. Javier Cabrera, Cultural Anthropologist for Ica, Peru, discovered many hundreds of ceremonial burial stones in the tombs of the ancient Incas. Dr. Cabrera, carrying on his father’s work, has collected more than 1,100 of these andesite stones, which are estimated to be between 500 and 1,500 years old and have become known collectively as the Ica Stones. The stones bear etchings, many of which are sexually graphic (which was common to the culture), some picture idols and others depict such practices as open-heart surgery and brain transplants. The most astonishing etchings, however, clearly represent dinosaurs – brontosaurs, triceratops (see photo), stegosaurus and pterosaurs. While sceptics consider the Ica Stones a hoax, their authenticity has neither been proved or disproved.


Workmen hacking and burning their way through the dense jungle of Costa Rica to clear an area for banana plantations in the 1930s stumbled upon some incredible objects: dozens of stone balls, many of which were perfectly spherical. They varied in size from as small as a tennis ball to an astonishing 8 feet in diameter and weighing 16 tons! Although the great stone balls are clearly man-made, it is unknown who made them, for what purpose and, most puzzling, how they achieved such spherical precision.

300Px-Manuscript Thet Oera Linda Bok, Pagina 48

The Oera Linda Book is a controversial Frisian manuscript covering historical, mythological, and religious themes that first came to light in the 19th century. Themes running through the Oera Linda Book include catastrophism, nationalism, matriarchy, and mythology. The text alleges that Europe and other lands were, for most of their history, ruled by a succession of folk-mothers presiding over a hierarchical order of celibate priestesses dedicated to the goddess Frya, daughter of the supreme god Wr-alda and Irtha, the earth mother. The claim is also made that this Frisian civilization possessed an alphabet which was the ancestor of Greek and Phoenician alphabets. The current manuscript carries a date of 1256. Internal claims suggest that it is a copy of older manuscripts that, if genuine, would have been written by multiple people between 2194 BC and AD 803. [Source]

Human Fossil

Fossils, as we learned in grade school, appear in rocks that were formed many thousands of years ago. Yet there are a number of fossils that just don’t make geological or historical sense. A fossil of a human hand print for example, was found in limestone estimated to be 110 million years old. What appears to be a fossilized human finger found in the Canadian Arctic also dates back 100 to 110 million years ago. And what appears to be the fossil of a human footprint, possibly wearing a sandal, was found near Delta, Utah in a shale deposit estimated to be 300 million to 600 million years old.

Out Of Place Metal

Humans were not even around 65 million years ago, never mind people who could work metal. So then how does science explain semi-ovoid metallic tubes dug out of 65-million-year-old Cretaceous chalk in France? In 1885, a block of coal was broken open to find a metal cube obviously worked by intelligent hands. In 1912, employees at an electric plant broke apart a large chunk of coal out of which fell an iron pot! A nail was found embedded in a sandstone block from the Mesozoic Era. And there are many, many more such anomalies.

Ark Of The Covenant

The Ark is considered the greatest of all hidden treasures and its discovery would provide indisputable truth that the Old Testament is hard fact. Its recovery remains the goal of every modern archaeologist and adventurer. Its purpose was as a container for the ten commandments given on stone tablets by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. According to the book of Exodus, the Ark is made of shittim wood (similar to acacia) and gold-covered inside and out. It was topped by a mercy seat comprising two cherubs also made of gold. It was believed to have supernatural powers due to several events, including causing the death of a man, who attempted to steady the Ark as the oxen hauling it stumbled, bringing down the walls of Jericho in one battle, and showering misfortune on the Philistines after they captured it in another. There are several speculations around the final resting place of the Ark, and whilst it would take a shrewd operator to find it, it would need a brave or even foolhardy person to open it!

Angel Hair

Angel Hair is a rare phenomenon that has so far defied explanation. It is made up of silken threads that rain down on to the earth, but reach out to touch it and it will almost certainly vanish before your eyes. It is a world wide phenomenon with the most regular occurrences from North America, New Zealand, Australia, and western Europe. There is no known proof for what causes this substance, or even what it is made up of. Speculations are that it has come from Spiders or another type of silk-spinning insect, and even UFO’s as it has often been associated with UFO sightings. Because of its sensitive nature, it has been difficult to collect, and to analyse as it is subject to contamination from car exhaust fumes, and even human contact, which could skew the chemical results.

300Px-Piri Reis World Map 01

The Piri Reis Map is a famous pre-modern world map created by 16th century Ottoman-Turkish admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. The map shows part of the western coasts of Europe and North Africa with reasonable accuracy, and the coast of Brazil is also easily recognizable. Various Atlantic islands including the Azores and Canary Islands are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antillia. The map is noteworthy for its depiction of a southern landmass that some controversially claim is evidence for early awareness of the existence of Antarctica. Some scholars claim this and other maps support a theory of global exploration by a pre-classical undiscovered civilization. [Source]

This article is licensed under the GFDL because it contains some quotations from Wikipedia.

Additional text for this article is courtesy of The Skeptical News.

Contributors: Rhyno, JFrater

Read more: http://listverse.com/2008/07/23/10-more-unsolved-mysteries-of-the-world/

10 Unsolved Ransom Kidnappings

One of the most infamous crimes of all time took place in 1932 when Charles Augustus Lindbergh Jr., the 20-month-old son of the renowned aviator, was kidnapped for ransom. Even after a ransom was paid, the infant wasn’t returned, and his body was found near the Lindbergh home two months later. Even though a suspect was captured and executed, the case remains surrounded in controversy to this day.

Unfortunately, other notorious ransom kidnappings didn’t have happy endings either. In some cases, the victim was murdered or never found. In others, a likely perpetrator was caught and punished for the crime, but they refused to reveal what happened to the victim.

10 Charley Ross


One of the first known victims to receive widespread publicity after being kidnapped was a four-year-old boy named Charley Ross. On July 1, 1874, Charley was playing with his older brother in the front yard when two men pulled up in a horse-drawn carriage and offered the boys candy and fireworks if they would take a ride with them. The boys were taken into town and after Walter was given money to go inside a store and buy fireworks, the two men left with Charley.

Charley’s seemingly wealthy father, Christian Ross, received notes demanding a $20,000 ransom for his son. However, a stock market crash had left Christian in debt, and he could not afford to pay, so he went to the authorities for help. Even though the kidnappers provided instructions for where to deliver the ransom, they never showed up. Months later, two criminals named Bill Mosher and Joe Douglas were shot while attempting to burglarize a house. Mosher was killed instantly, but before dying, Douglas confessed that the two of them were responsible for the Charley Ross abduction. Charley’s brother positively identified them as the men from the carriage. Unfortunately, they took the secret of what actually happened to Charley to their graves.

9 Dorothy Ann Distelhurst


The afternoon of September 19, 1934, five-year-old Dorothy Ann Distelhurst left her school to walk home, but never arrived. After the authorities were notified, they spent the next several days searching for her, but could find no trace. However, once the national media began focusing on the case, the Distelhurst family started to receive ransom letters. Authorities were unsure if any of them were genuine or if they were inspired by the publicity.

The most vivid ransom demand stated that Dorothy Ann would have her eyes burned out with acid if her family did not pay $175,000. On November 13, two employees of the Davidson County Tuberculosis Hospital were digging flower beds in a remote corner and wound up uncovering Dorothy Ann’s body. Her skull had been crushed, and her personal items and clothing were discovered some distance away. Most disturbingly, her face had been burned away with acid. In spite of an intensive investigation, the murderer was never found, and the case remains unsolved.

8 Douglas Mueller


At approximately 9:30 PM on March 16, 1977, 19-year-old Douglas Mueller finished his shift at a gas station in Scottsdale, Arizona and left to drive home. He never arrived, and his parents soon notified police. The next day, Douglas’s parents received an anonymous phone call ordering them to go to a specific payphone for instructions. Douglas’s father went to this payphone and found his son’s driver’s license, along with a ransom note that appeared to be in Douglas’s handwriting.

The note demanded that the Muellers pay $57,000 for Douglas’s safe return and provided instructions for a drop-off. The Muellers followed these instructions and dropped the money at the specified location, but no one ever showed up. Throughout the next two months, the Muellers received three more calls and went through three more drops, but the ransom was never claimed. Douglas’s abandoned car was later discovered at an airport, but his family would not receive any answers until 2011. After a hiker came across a male femur bone in a remote desert area, DNA testing would confirm that it belonged to Douglas. However, the rest of his remains have yet to be found, and the identity of his murderer is still unknown.

7 Annie Laurie Hearin


On July 26, 1988, 73-year-old Annie Laurie Hearin vanished from her residence in Jackson, Mississippi. Annie’s husband, Robert Hearin, was a prominent and successful businessman, and the family’s estate was worth from $100–200 million. When Robert came home, he discovered blood smears and a ransom note. The note instructed him to pay money to franchises owned by School Pictures, a company Robert had taken over a few years earlier. In exchange for the return of his wife, Robert would disburse the ransom money to 12 School Pictures locations throughout America.

When Robert held a press conference begging for Annie’s return, he received another note, which was signed by her and stated she would be sealed in a cellar if he did not comply with the demands. Robert mailed the money to the franchises listed, and one of these recipients was an attorney named Newton Alfred Winn. Winn had once been in a lawsuit with Robert over unpaid money, so authorities believed he was responsible for the kidnapping. In 1990, Winn was arrested and sentenced to 19 years in prison for conspiracy to kidnap, extortion, and perjury. He always maintained his innocence and was released in 2006. Unfortunately, Annie was never found.

6 Clark Toshiro Handa


During the evening of August 23, 1984, a three-year-old boy named Clark Toshiro Handa was abducted from his bedroom in Fairfield, California. The family had nine children, and Toshiro shared the bedroom with five other siblings, but none of them could recall anyone entering the room during the night. The next morning, Toshiro’s mother found a note on his bunk bed and noticed that the adjacent window was open. The note demanded that the Handas pay a ransom in exchange for Toshiro’s return.

Toshiro’s family complied with the instructions and brought money to a specified rendezvous point, but no one showed up (we’re noticing a trend here). The Handas never heard from Toshiro’s kidnapper again. Unfortunately, it was nearly a week before missing posters were circulated, and the abduction received some media coverage, so there were never any strong leads about who was responsible. The ransom demand was particularly bizarre—Toshiro’s family was not known for having a lot of money, so the reason he was targeted is unknown.

5 June Robles


Six-year-old June Robles was the daughter of Fernando Robles, owner of the Robles Electric Company. Her family was one of the wealthiest in Tucson, Arizona. On April 25, 1934, June was leaving Roskruge School when she was abducted. Two hours later, Fernando Robles was handed a note by a boy who had been paid 25 cents to deliver it. The note was signed by someone identifying themselves as “Z” and demanded that Fernando pay a $15,000 ransom for the return of his daughter.

After police were notified, June’s grandfather received a second note from the kidnapper, who agreed to lower the ransom to $10,000. Fernando was given specific instructions about where to deliver the money, but when he attempted to do so, no one showed up (surprise). On May 14, the governor received an anonymous postcard that revealed June’s location. She was found inside a metal box—buried in the desert outside Tucson. Even though June had been chained in the box for 19 days, the kidnappers provided constant food and water, so she was still alive. There were a lot of potential suspects, but not enough evidence to convict anyone. A federal grand jury reviewed the case, referring to it as an “alleged kidnapping” and implying that the Robles family might have staged the whole thing as a hoax.

4 Robert Wiles


Robert Wiles was the 26-year-old son of Tom Wiles, the millionaire owner of the aircraft service company, National Flight Services. Robert was employed with the company and worked at Lakeland-Linder Regional Airport in Florida. On April 1, 2008, Robert disappeared from work. Two days later, his parents were e-mailed a ransom note from “Group X,” demanding $750,000 for Robert’s safe return. Tom followed the instructions and left the money, but no one collected it, and he never heard from “Group X” again.

Suspiciously, Tom had previously purchased kidnapping insurance from his company for the exact amount of $750,000. This led to speculation that an employee of National Flight Services might have been responsible. The investigation eventually turned to the operations manager at Lakeland, who was reportedly the last person to see Robert alive. It was discovered that on the evening of Robert’s disappearance, Holt had purchased plastic sheeting and two rolls of duct tape. Holt’s alibi did not hold up, and he also allegedly used Robert’s cell phone to send the ransom e-mail. In January 2012, Holt was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 30 years in prison.

3 Georgia Jean Weckler


On May 1, 1947, eight-year-old Georgia Jean Weckler was driven home from school by a neighbor and dropped off at the end of the driveway at her rural home. Georgia never arrived home and was not seen again. Around the time of Georgia’s disappearance, a Ford sedan was seen in the same area, and witnesses in Fort Atkinson would later see a girl matching Georgia’s description, struggling with a man inside the vehicle.

Since Georgia’s father was a fairly wealthy public official, it was speculated that she may have been kidnapped for ransom, but no demands were ever made. Months later, a recently convicted rapist and murderer named Buford Sennett confessed that he and an unidentified accomplice had kidnapped Georgia for ransom. They gave her sleeping pills, but it was accidentally too much and she died, so they tossed her into the Blue River. A witness actually reported seeing Sennett burn Georgia’s body, and some ashes were later found on his property, but forensic testing on them proved inconclusive. Sennett later recanted his confession, but whether or not his kidnapping story was true, Georgia Jean Weckler is still missing.

2 Daniel Goldman


In 1966, Daniel Goldman was the 17-year-old son of Aaron Goldman, a wealthy and prominent contractor. In the early morning of March 28, an unidentified man entered the Goldman home and demanded that Aaron and his wife pay him $10,000 in cash. The Goldmans said they didn’t have that much money in the house, so the assailant tied them up. He threatened to kill their son if they didn’t pay him a $25,000 ransom and said he would call them to provide instructions. He then abducted Daniel and fled the scene in Daniel’s car, which was found hours later. The abductor never contacted the Goldmans again.

One theory was that the kidnapping was orchestrated by career criminal Joe “Chicken” Cacciatore, who resembled the family’s description of the kidnapper. It was rumored that the Goldmans stashed $10,000 in their home so they could help Daniel leave the country and avoid the draft when he turned 18. Cacciatore reportedly heard this rumor and Daniel was one day shy of his 18th birthday when he was kidnapped. In 1986, a woman claiming to be Daniel’s former girlfriend told a bartender that Daniel was killed after recognizing one of his kidnappers, but she disappeared after police were contacted.

1 Virginia Piper


On July 27, 1972, wealthy investment banker Harry C. Piper Jr. returned to his home to discover his housekeeper taped to a chair. She told him that his wife, Virginia, had been abducted by two masked men who left behind a ransom note. In exchange for Virginia’s safe return, they demanded $1 million, which was the largest ransom in United States history. Harry’s instructions were to drop the $1 million behind a Minneapolis bar, and he complied. The next day, an anonymous tip revealed that Virginia was chained to a tree in Jay Cooke State Park, and she was soon found alive.

Over the years, only $4,000 of the ransom was recovered. In 1977, Kenneth Carnahan and Donald Larson were charged with the kidnapping. After they were convicted, the two men were granted a retrial. It was ruled that the judge had inappropriately barred the testimony of a defense witness, who claimed she had overheard some other suspects plot the kidnapping. During the retrial, an expert witness testified that the evidence had been tampered with by the FBI, so Carnahan and Larson were acquitted.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/08/02/10-unsolved-ransom-kidnappings/

10 Mysterious Artifacts That Are Allegedly Alien

Some say alien life forms have visited Earth throughout history. However, such claims are difficult to prove. Most UFO sightings and abductions are easy to dismiss as hoaxes or simple misunderstandings.

But what about the times when the little green men actually leave something behind? Or the artifacts people from ancient times have constructed to honor what could only be visitors from other planets? There are many strange objects in the world, both enigmatic and man-made, that are said to be proof of alien life.

10 The Russian UFO Tooth Wheel


A Russian man found a strange piece of machinery from Vladivostok, the administrative capital of the Primorsky Krai area. The object resembled a piece of tooth wheel and was embedded in a piece of coal he was using to light a fire. Although discarded pieces of old machines are not uncommon in Russia, the man became curious and showed his find to some scientists. Testing revealed that the toothed object was almost pure aluminum and almost certainly artificially made.

Also, it was 300 million years old. This raised some interesting questions, as aluminum of this purity and shape can’t form naturally and humans didn’t figure out how to make it until 1825. Curiously, the object also resembles parts that are used in microscopes and other delicate technical devices.

Although conspiracy theorists have been quick to declare the find a part of an alien spaceship, the scientists researching it are not willing to jump to conclusions and wish to run further tests in order to learn more about the mysterious artifact.

9 The Guatemala Stone Head


In the 1930s, explorers found an enormous, eloquently made sandstone statue in the middle of a Guatemalan jungle. The face carved in the stone didn’t resemble the facial features of the Maya or any of the other people known to have populated the lands. In fact, its elongated cranium and fine features didn’t seem to belong in the history books at all.

Researchers have claimed that the statue’s unique features depict a member of an ancient alien civilization that was far more advanced than any of the pre-Hispanic races of America we know about. Some even speculated the head might just be a part of a much larger construct underneath (this was found to be untrue). Of course, there’s a chance that the statue might be the work of a more recent artist or even a complete hoax. Sadly, we will probably never find out for sure: The head was used for target practice by revolutionary troops and its features have been destroyed to near obscurity.

8 The Williams Enigmalith


In 1998, a hiker named John J. Williams noticed a strange metallic protrusion in the dirt. He dug up a strange-looking rock which, upon cleaning, turned out to have a weird electrical component attached to it. The electric device was clearly man-made and somewhat resembled an electrical plug.

The rock has since become a well-known mystery in UFO enthusiast circles. It has featured in UFO Magazine and (according to Williams) Fortean Times, a famed magazine devoted to mysterious phenomena. Williams, an electrical engineer, says the electronic component embedded in the stone has not been glued or welded into the granite. In fact, the rock probably formed around the device.

Many believe that the so-called Williams Enigmalith is a hoax, as Williams refuses to break it (but is willing to sell it for $500,000). Also, the stone device does bear a certain resemblance to heat rocks that are commonly used to keep tropical pet lizards warm. Still, geological analysis has apparently determined that the stone is around 100,000 years old, which (if true) would mean the device inside can’t possibly be of human creation. Williams is confident enough to let anyone research the Enigmalith on three conditions: He must be present, the rock must remain unharmed, and he will not have to pay for the research.

7 Ancient Aeroplanes


Incas and other pre-Columbian people left behind some extremely puzzling trinkets. Some of the strangest are probably the so-called Ancient Aeroplanes, which are small, golden figures that closely resemble modern jet planes. Originally thought to be zoomorphic (meant to resemble animals), the statues were soon found to have features that look very much like fighter planes’ wings, stabilizing tails, and even landing gears. They were aerodynamic enough that when ancient astronaut believers (allegedly) made model planes with their proportions and fitted them with propellers and (again, allegedly) jet engines, they flew perfectly. All of this has led to speculation that the Incas may have been in contact with (likely extraterrestrial) people who were able to build advanced jet planes, and who perhaps even possessed the technology themselves.

Well, that, or these wonderful statuettes might just be artistic representations of bees, flying fish, or other winged creatures. As always, the beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

6 The Ubaid Lizard Men


Al Ubaid archeological site in Iraq is a gold mine for archeologists and historians. It has yielded numerous objects from a pre-Sumerian time called the Ubaid period (5900–4000 B.C.). However, some of these objects are quite disturbing. A number of Ubaid statues depict strange, lizard-like humanoid figures in unique, unceremonious poses that seem to indicate they were not gods (such as the animal-headed deities of Egypt), but rather a race of lizard people.

Of course, the statues have been drawn into stories and theories of reptilian aliens that used to roam the earth (and perhaps still do, according to conspiracy theorists). Although this seems unlikely, their true nature remains a mystery.

5 The Sri Lanka Meteorite Fossils


Researchers who analyzed the remains of a meteorite that fell in Sri Lanka found that their subject was something more than just pieces of space rock. It was an alien artifact in the most literal sense: an artifact made of actual aliens. Two separate studies have found that the meteorite contains fossils and algae that are clearly of extraterrestrial origin.

Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, the leading researcher on the first study, says the fossils provide compelling evidence of panspermia (the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe and is spread by meteorites and other solid space debris). However, he is not without his critics. Wickramasinghe just happens to be a noted panspermia enthusiast with a tendency to claim that almost everything is of extraterrestrial origin. What’s more, the traces of life the meteorite contains are actually freshwater species commonly found on Earth, which seems to indicate the object has been contaminated during its time on our planet.

4 The Summer’s Triumph Tapestry


The tapestry known as Summer’s Triumph was created in Bruges (the capital of West Flanders province in the Flemish Region of Belgium) around 1538. Currently, it resides in the Bayerisches National Museum.

Summer’s Triumph is famous (or infamous) among conspiracy theorists because it clearly depicts a number of distinctly UFO-like objects flying in the skies. Although their presence is baffling, some speculate they may have been added in the tapestry (which depicts a victorious ruler’s ascension to power) in order to connect the UFOs to the ruler as a symbol of divine intervention. This, of course, raises more questions than answers, such as: Why would the 16th-century Belgians recognize flying saucers and mentally connect them with divinity?

3 The Glorification Of The Eucharist


An Italian painter named Ventura Salimbeni is responsible for one of the most mysterious altar paintings in history. “Disputa of the Eucharist,” a 16th-century painting also known as “The Glorification of the Eucharist” (Eucharist is an alternate term for the Holy Communion), is a three-part work. The bottom two parts are relatively normal: They depict a number of religious authorities and an altar. However, the top part shows the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and a dove depicting the Holy Ghost) looking upon them . . . and holding what seems to be a space satellite. The object is large and spherical, with a metallic finish, telescopic antennas, and strange lights. In fact, it heavily resembles an old Sputnik satellite.

Although UFO enthusiasts and ancient astronaut theorists have often claimed the Disputa as proof of extraterrestrial life (or perhaps time travel), experts have been quick to debunk such notions. According to them, the orb is a Sphaera Mundi, a globe-like representation of the universe that used to be common in religious art. The strange lights on the “satellite” are merely the sun and the moon, and its antennas are actually scepter wands that act as symbols of authority for the Father and the Son.

2 The Mexican Government’s Maya Artifacts


The story goes like this: In 2012, the Mexican government released a number of Maya artifacts they had been protecting for 80 years as state secrets. These objects were retrieved from an unexplored pyramid that was found under another pyramid in Calakmul, the site of one of the most powerful ancient Maya cities. A government-sanctioned documentary by Raul Julia-Levy (the son of famous actor Raul Julia) and financier Elisabeth Thieriot (ex-wife of a former publisher of the San Francisco Chronicle) featured a number of these finds, most of which clearly depict UFOs and alien visitors.

The case may seem fairly enticing, but once you look closer, a strange pattern of fraud begins to emerge. Both of the documentarians seem to be lying about something. Julia-Levy doesn’t appear to be who he claims to be—Raul Julia’s widow has publicly called out a con man named Salvador Alba Fuentes. According to her, Salvador is attempting to ride on her late husband’s fame and is going around telling everyone his name is, yes, Raul Julia-Levy. Meanwhile, Thieriot has shut down the production of the documentary and sued her partner, accusing “Julia-Levy” of stealing her documentary and misusing filming equipment (a statement “Julia-Levy” vehemently opposes). What’s more, there seems to be very little scientific proof of the authenticity of the artifacts, and the pictures that have emerged online are less than concrete evidence.

Perhaps the artifacts were cheap fakes manufactured by a local artisan. Perhaps the officials had second thoughts about the documentary and ordered Thieriot to shut it down by any means necessary. Whatever the truth behind these strange artifacts is, their case is far from convincing.

1 The Betz Mystery Sphere


When the Betz family was examining the damage of a strange fire that had decimated 88 acres of their woodland, they made a strange discovery: a silvery sphere, about 20 centimeters (eight inches) in diameter, completely smooth except for a strange, elongated triangle symbol. Initially thinking it might be a NASA gadget or even a Soviet spy satellite, they eventually decided it was most likely just a souvenir. On a moment’s whim, they decided to take it with them.

Two weeks later, the family’s son was strumming a guitar in the same room as the sphere. Suddenly, the sphere started reacting to his tunes, emitting a strange throbbing sound and a resonance that deeply disturbed the family’s dog. Soon, the Betz family found the orb had other strange properties. It could stop and change directions when pushed across the floor, eventually returning to the person who pushed it like a faithful dog. It seemed to draw power from solar energy, becoming noticeably more active on bright days.

It started looking like something (or someone) was controlling the sphere: It would occasionally emit low-frequency rattling and vibrations, like there was a motor running inside. It seemed to avoid falling and crashing at all costs, as if to protect something inside it. It even managed to completely defy the laws of gravity and climb up a slanted table to avoid falling.

A media frenzy ensued. Respected papers such as the New York Times and the London Daily sent reporters to witness the miracle sphere, which repeated its tricks to countless people. Even scientists and representatives of the military were impressed, although the Betz family wouldn’t let them take the sphere for closer examination. However, that soon changed as the sphere took a turn for the worse. It started exhibiting poltergeist–like behavior: Doors started slamming shut at night and strange organ music would fill the house out of the blue. At that point, the family decided to find out what the sphere really was. The Navy analyzed it and found it was . . . a perfectly ordinary (if high-quality) stainless steel ball.

To this day, it’s not entirely clear what the mysterious alien sphere is. However, there have been many theories attempting to explain its possible nature. The most plausible of these is, incidentally, the most mundane: Three years before the Betz family found the orb, an artist named James Durling-Jones was driving in the area where it was found. On the luggage rack on his car roof were a number of stainless steel balls meant for a sculpture he was making, some of which dropped off during the bumpy ride. These balls matched the exact description of the Betz sphere, and were balanced enough to roll around at the slightest provocation (the Betz family lived in an old house with uneven floors, so such a ball would appear to behave erratically). These balls could even emit a rattling sound, thanks to tiny metal shavings stuck inside during the manufacturing process.

Although this doesn’t explain all of the reported phenomena, it certainly casts a shadow over all the “mysterious ghost ball from outer space” rhetoric.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/08/15/10-mysterious-artifacts-that-are-allegedly-alien/

Top 10 Bizarre Disappearances

History is peppered with intriguing tales of people who, for all intents and purposes, inexplicably vanish from the face of the earth without a trace. These stories – some of the most fascinating in the annals of the unexplained – vary from being well-documented to having the flavor of mere legend and folklore. This is the top 10 bizarre disappearances.

10The Disappearance Of Oliver Larch


The story of Oliver Larch (Sometime known as Lerch or Thomas) follows a similar narrative to that of David Lang (item 3). According to his narrative, Larch was on his way to collect water from a well one winter when he vanished; leaving nothing behind but trail of footprints in the snow which terminated abruptly, and a series of cries for help that appeared to come from above. In some tellings, Larch’s story is set in late nineteenth-century Indiana, in others, it is set in North Wales. One particular recurring citation of this variant was as Oliver Thomas of Rhayader, Radnorshire, mid-Wales and the date is given specifically as 1909.

9The Flannan Isles Lighthouse Keepers

Cape Palliser Lighthouse

In December 1900, three lighthouse keepers vanished from their duty stations, leaving behind equipment important to surviving the hostile conditions at that location and time of year. Despite exhaustive searches, the keepers were never found. The official explanation for the disappearances is that the men were swept out to sea by a freak wave.

8The Bennington Triangle


Between 1920 and 1950, Bennington, Vermont was the site of several completely unexplained disappearances:

7The Vanished Cripple


Owen Parfitt had been paralyzed by a massive stroke. In June, 1763 in Shepton Mallet, England, Parfitt sat outside his sister’s home, as was often his habit on warm evenings. Virtually unable to move, the 60-year-old man sat quietly is his nightshirt upon his folded greatcoat. Across the road was a farm where workers were finishing their workday by pooking the hay. At about 7 p.m., Parfitt’s sister, Susannah, went outside with a neighbor to help Parfitt move back into the house, as a storm was approaching. But he was gone. Only his folded greatcoat upon which he sat remained. Investigations of this mysterious disappearance were carried out as late as 1933, but no trace or clues to Parfitt’s fate were ever uncovered.

6The Disappearing Diplomat

180Px-Benjamin Bathurst

British diplomat Benjamin Bathurst vanished into thin air in 1809. Bathurst was returning to Hamburg with a companion after a mission to the Austrian court. Along the way, they had stopped for dinner at an inn in the town of Perelberg. Upon finishing the meal, they returned to their waiting horse-drawn coach. Bathurst’s companion watched as the diplomat stepped over to the front of the coach to examine to horses – and simply vanished without a trace.

5Time Tunnel


In 1975, a man named Jackson Wright was driving with his wife from New Jersey to New York City. This required them to travel through the Lincoln Tunnel. According to Wright, who was driving, once through the tunnel he pulled the car over to wipe the windshield of condensation. His wife Martha volunteered to clean off the back window so they could more readily resume their trip. When Wright turned around, his wife was gone. He neither heard nor saw anything unusual take place, and a subsequent investigation could find no evidence of foul play. Martha Wright had just disappeared.

4The Norfolk Regiment


Three soldiers claimed to be witnesses to the bizarre disappearance of an entire battalion in 1915. They finally came forward with the strange story 50 years after the infamous Gallipoli campaign of WWI. The three members of a New Zealand field company said they watched from a clear vantage point as a battalion of the Royal Norfolk Regiment marched up a hillside in Suvla Bay, Turkey. The hill was shrouded in a low-lying cloud that the English soldiers marched straight into without hesitation. They never came out. After the last of the battalion had entered the cloud, it slowly lifted off the hillside to join other clouds in the sky. When the war was over, figuring the battalion had been captured and held prisoner, the British government demanded that Turkey return them. The Turks insisted, however, that it had neither captured not made contact with these English soldiers.

3The Legend Of David Lang


This famous case allegedly took place in September, 1880 on a farm near Gallatin, Tennessee in full view of several witnesses. The two Lang children, George and Sarah, were playing in the front yard of the family home. Their parents, David and Emma, came out the front door, and David headed off across a pasture toward his horses. At this time, a buggy carrying family friend Judge August Peck was approaching. David turned to walk back to the house, saw the buggy and waved to the judge as he strode across the field. A few seconds later, David Lang – in clear view of his wife, his children and the judge – disappeared in mid-step. Emma screamed and all of the witnesses rushed to the spot where David once was, thinking perhaps he had fallen into a hole of some kind. There was no hole. A thorough search by the family, friends and neighbors turned up nothing. A few months after the unexplained disappearance, the Lang children noticed that the grass on the spot where their father vanished had turned yellow and wilted in a circle measuring about 15 feet in diameter.

2The Stonehenge Disappearance


The mysterious standing stones of Stonehenge in England was the site of an amazing disappearance in August, 1971. At this time Stonehenge was not yet protected from the public, and on this particular night, a group of “hippies” decided to pitch tents in the center of the circle and spend the night. They built a campfire, lit several joints of pot and sat around smoking and signing. Their campout was abruptly interrupted at about 2 a.m. by a severe thunder storm that quickly blew in over Salisbury Plain. Bright bolts of lightning crashed down on the area, striking area trees and even the standing stones themselves. Two witnesses, a farmer and a policeman, said that the stones of the ancient monument lit up with an eerie blue light that was so intense that they had to avert their eyes. They heard screams from the campers and the two witnesses rushed to the scene expecting to find injured – or even dead – campers. To their surprise, they found no one. All that remained within the circle of stones were several smoldering tent pegs and the drowned remains of a campfire. The hippies themselves were gone without a trace.

1The Village That Disappeared


An individual that vanishes is one thing, but how about an entire village of 2,000 men, women and children? In November, 1930, a fur trapper named Joe Labelle made his way on snow shoes to an Eskimo village on the shores of Lake Anjikuni in northern Canada. Labelle was familiar with the village, which he knew as a thriving fishing community of about 2,000 residents. When he arrived, however, the village was deserted. All of the huts and storehouses were vacant. He found one smoldering fire on which there was a pot of blackened stew. Labelle notified the authorities and an investigation was begun, and which turned up some bizarre findings: no footprints of any of the residents were found, if they had vacated the village; all of the Eskimos’ sled dogs were found buried under a 12-foot-high snow drift – they had all starved to death; all of the Eskimos’ food and provisions were found undisturbed in their huts. And there was one last unnerving discovery: the Eskimos’ ancestral graves had been emptied.

Sources: The Book of Lists, Wikipedia

Notable Omissions: The crew of the Mary Celeste

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Read more: http://listverse.com/2007/10/06/top-10-bizarre-disappearances/

10 Strange Church Mysteries That Are Still Unsolved

The church is considered a sanctuary and place of comfort for many people. To some, it might seem inconceivable that bad things could happen there. However, churches have been the sites of some truly unusual unsolved mysteries, including murders, disappearances, supernatural events, and even unexplained acts of divine intervention.

10The Mysterious Suicide Of ‘Wm L. Toomey’

On December 4, 1982, a heavily suntanned stranger entered the Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Boise, Idaho. He appeared to be in his early forties and seemed to be waiting for a turn in the confessional, which was currently occupied. This man would soon be found dead on the floor.

It was later determined that he had swallowed a cyanide capsule. He had no identification, but $1,900 was found in his possession, along with a note which stated that the money should be used for his burial. The note was signed “Wm L. Toomey,” but it seemed unlikely that was his real name, since Wm L. Toomey was the name of a company that manufactured priest garb. All attempts to determine the stranger’s identity led nowhere, but there is one unsettling theory about his suicide.

On December 21, 1981, a Catholic priest named Father Patrick Ryan was murdered at a motel in Odessa, Texas. He was found naked with his hands tied behind his back. The previous night, Father Ryan had a sexual encounter with a suspect named James Harry Reyos. After Reyos called the police with a drunken confession, he was convicted of Ryan’s murder and served 20 years before being paroled. However, Reyos later recanted his confession, and the evidence shows that he almost certainly couldn’t have been in Odessa that night.

This evidence is bolstered by the similar murder of a holy man committed the next year. In November 1982, another Catholic priest, Father Benjamin Carrier, was murdered at a motel in Yuma, Arizona. Like Father Ryan, he was found naked with his hands tried behind his back.

Since “Wm L. Toomey” wore a distinctive belt buckle which was traced back to an Arizona gift shop, some have speculated that he was responsible for the murders of both priests. It’s possible that he intended to die in the confessional after being absolved of his sins but miscalculated how long it would take for the cyanide to kill him.

9The Disappearance Of Father Henryk Borynski

After leaving his native Poland and moving to Bradford, England, Father Henryk Borynski became the Catholic chaplain for the community’s 1,500 Polish residents. Borynski had been brought in to replace another Polish priest, Canon Boleslaw Martynellis, who had fallen out of favor with the community and was more than a little bitter about it.

Father Borynski had served as chaplain for 10 months when he received a mysterious call on the evening of July 13, 1953. The conversation took place in Polish, but Borynski’s landlady overheard him finish the call with the words “All right, I go.” Borynski then exited his residence, leaving all his belongings behind, and was never seen again.

At the time, many of Bradford’s Polish residents were refugees who had fled their communist country. Spies from the Polish secret police were believed to frequent the area, and Father Borynski was known to be very outspoken about his anti-communist views. Rumors began to circulate that Canon Martynellis was angry about Borynski taking his position and helped communist agents lure Borynski out of his house to be kidnapped and murdered.

Shortly before his disappearance, Borynski allegedly received a phone call from Martynellis asking Borynski to meet him at his house, but Martynellis denied the call ever took place. One month later, Martynellis claimed he was attacked in his home by two men who ordered him to keep quiet about Borynski’s disappearance. Martynellis died of a heart attack two years later, and to this day, Father Borynski’s disappearance remains unsolved.

8The Ghost Of St. Mark’s Episcopal Church

St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, built in 1868, is considered a historical landmark in Cheyenne, Wyoming. It’s also rumored to be haunted, and its alleged resident ghost has a bizarre origin story.

In 1886, plans were made to construct a new tower for the church. Two Swedish stonemasons were hired for the job, but they both mysteriously disappeared before the tower was finished. Because of this setback, the tower went unfinished until 1927.

The problem was the unexplained eerie happenings that started to occur inside the church, along with sightings of a mysterious ghostly figure. Whenever construction was planned on the tower, workers often became too frightened to finish the job. The workmen were even granted permission to build a private isolated room to accommodate their ghostly friend.

Decades later, Reverend Eugene Todd was serving as pastor at St. Mark’s when he received a surprise explanation for these supernatural occurrences. He had been summoned to a nursing home in Denver, where an elderly dying patient had requested confession with him. The man claimed he was one of the two Swedish stonemasons who had mysteriously vanished while working on the church many years ago.

Apparently, the other stonemason had accidentally fallen to his death in the unfinished bell tower. His partner was terrified that he would be blamed for the death, so he decided to entomb the body under cement inside an unfinished wall section before fleeing the area. Although the missing stonemason’s body has never been found, many people found the old man’s story credible and believe that the stonemason’s ghost haunts the church.

7The Murder Of Father Alfred Kunz

On March 4, 1998, the small community of Dane, Wisconsin was shocked to learn that Father Alfred Kunz was murdered. The 67-year-old priest who had served St. Michael Catholic Church for 32 years was found inside the church’s parochial school with his throat slashed. The murder has been the subject of an extensive investigation ever since, and a plethora of unconfirmed theories surrounds his death. One of the most outrageous claims is that he was murdered by a group of angry Satanists.

Kunz frequently collaborated on church matters with Malachi Martin, a known exorcist who has published numerous books on the subject. Martin claimed that in the weeks prior to his murder, Kunz was preparing to perform an exorcism on a Wisconsin man who was believed to be demonically possessed and expressed concern that his life was in danger. Martin believes that Kunz’s manner of death showed signs of having been performed by devil worshipers. Another controversial rumor is that Father Kunz was engaged in sexual affairs with some of his female parishioners and may have been murdered by a jealous lover.

Despite all these different theories, the Dane County sheriff’s office claims to have a prime suspect. Unfortunately, he left town shortly after the crime, and police currently do not have sufficient evidence to charge him. As such, Father Kunz’s death remains a bizarre unsolved murder.

6The Papua New Guinea UFO Sightings

In April 1959, a respected Anglican priest named Father William Gill was working as a missionary in the village of Boianai in Papua New Guinea when he saw a strange light traveling across a distant mountain. This same light reappeared on the evening of June 26, but this time, Father Gill was standing outside his mission alongside many other witnesses. As the light moved closer to them, it became apparent that it was a large disc-shaped object, which appeared to have four large legs beneath it. The witnesses also discerned what appeared to be four alien figures moving around on the object’s upper deck.

The strange craft remained in the vicinity for 45 minutes before it disappeared, but when it returned an hour later, it was accompanied by more bright flying objects. After hovering over the area for four hours, the objects disappeared again, but the strange craft and two smaller flying objects returned to the village yet again on the following evening. This time, Father Gill and one of his companions decided to wave at the alien figures on the craft’s deck. Amazingly, the figures waved back.

The next night, a total of eight UFOs showed up to the village, but these were the last that would be seen. Before the objects disappeared, a large metallic banging sound was heard on the mission’s roof, but no sign of any damage could be found. This story was recounted by over three dozen witnesses, including Father Gill, and remains one of the most credible UFO sightings in history.

5The Murders of Harold And Thelma Swain

In 1985, Harold Swain was the deacon of the Rising Daughter Baptist Church in Waverly, Georgia. On the evening of March 11, a mysterious stranger arrived during a Bible study session at the church. When Harold met the stranger in the vestibule, the man pulled out a gun and shot him several times. Harold’s wife, Thelma, ran into the room to help, but the killer shot her to death as well.

The man fled the scene, leaving only a pair of eyeglasses behind. In 2000, a suspect named Dennis Perry was convicted of murdering the Swains and given two consecutive life sentences. Perry had allegedly threatened to kill Harold two weeks before the crime, but the evidence suggests that he may be innocent.

At the time the murders took place, Perry claimed that he was at work in Atlanta six hours away, so it seems physically impossible for him to have committed the crime. A witness who saw the shooter pointed police toward another suspect named Donnie Barrentine, who allegedly later bragged about murdering the Swains at a party.

The police also lost several key pieces of evidence, including the killer’s eyeglasses, which went missing during the filming of a segment for Unsolved Mysteries. Since Perry had perfect vision and did not wear glasses, this piece of evidence could have exonerated him. However, in order to avoid the death penalty, Perry waived his right to appeal, so he remains incarcerated while the real killer might still be out there.

4The Abandonment Of Baby Jacob Gerard

Following Sunday service on the morning of February 27, 1994, the congregation of the Holy Counselor Lutheran Church in Vernon, New Jersey made a shocking discovery: the body of a newborn baby boy lying in the snow outside one of the church windows. The unidentified child weighed approximately 3 kilograms (7 lb), and his naked body was wrapped in a thin blanket.

Unfortunately, the infant was frozen solid, so an autopsy could not be performed until the body thawed three days later. The child was likely placed outside the church sometime during the night and died of hypothermia and exposure in the freezing temperatures. The umbilical cord was still attached to the child’s body but looked as if it had been torn rather than cut, suggesting he wasn’t born at a hospital.

The church held a memorial service for the unidentified child and buried him behind the church in North Hardyston Cemetery. The biblical story of Jacob happened to be the subject of their sermon on the morning he was found, and St. Gerard is the Roman Catholic patron saint of newborn children, so they named the child Jacob Gerard. Since Baby Jacob appeared to be perfectly healthy before his abandonment, the case was classified as a homicide. DNA was taken from his blanket in an attempt to determine who was responsible for his death, but 20 years later, Jacob Gerard remains unidentified.

3The Rothwell Bone Crypt

Built during the 13th century, Holy Trinity Church is a medieval landmark in the town of Rothwell, England. However, beneath the church is a charnel chapel containing one of the creepiest sights ever found inside a place of worship: an entire room stacked with human bones.

Known as the “Bone Crypt,” the room is filled with the unidentified skeletal remains of approximately 1,500 individuals. At one point, the room was sealed up, but legend has it that in 1700, a gravedigger working inside the church accidentally fell through the floor. The discovery of the hidden room allegedly drove him insane. The bones were eventually separated and organized onto shelves, and the Bone Crypt has since become a popular tourist attraction in the area.

Intriguingly, no one knows the origin of these bones. One prevalent theory is that the remains belong to victims of a plague. Another claims that they were soldiers who were killed during the nearby Battle of Naseby in 1645. It’s also possible that many of the individuals were originally buried in the church graveyard but had to be moved to a new location. Sometime during the 16th century, the adjacent Jesus Hospital was built over a burial ground, so the remains might have been dug up and stored in the chapel.

Scientists hope to use carbon dating to eventually determine the possible identities of these deceased individuals. Until then, the Bone Crypt remains one of England’s most bizarre unsolved mysteries.

2The Murder Of Irene Garza

On April 16, 1960, 25-year-old schoolteacher and former beauty queen Irene Garza showed up for confession at the Sacred Heart Catholic Church in McAllen, Texas. She never returned home, and five days later, her body was found in a canal just outside of town. She had been struck on the head by a blunt object and raped before being suffocated to death.

Shortly thereafter, a slide viewer was found in the canal. It was attached to a long cord, which may have been used to bind Garza’s hands. When the slide viewer’s owner came forward to claim it, the case took a very disturbing turn. The object belonged to Father John Feit, the priest from Sacred Heart who received Garza’s confession before she disappeared.

Less than a month before Garza’s murder, Father Feit had been charged with the attempted rape of another young woman inside the church. He eventually received a $500 fine after pleading no contest to aggravated assault. On the night Garza disappeared, Feit’s glasses were broken. Scratches also appeared on his hands, which he claimed to have received after accidentally locking himself out of his residence.

Despite the suspicious evidence against Feit, no one wanted to believe that a Catholic priest was responsible for such a horrific crime, and he was eventually transferred to a monastery in Missouri. Decades later, two witnesses came forward to claim that Feit had confessed to them that he murdered Garza. However, the district attorney felt there wasn’t enough evidence to file charges against Feit, and one of the witnesses soon passed away. Father Feit is currently in his eighties and has always maintained his innocence, but he continues to be the prime suspect in Irene Garza’s murder, which remains unsolved.

1The Miraculous Survival Of The West End Baptist Church Choir

On the evening of March 1, 1950, the West End Baptist Church in the small town of Beatrice, Nebraska was completely destroyed after an explosion. The explosion itself, caused by a natural gas leak, wasn’t a mystery, but the unlikely chain of events that saved the lives of the 15 people who should have been present is nothing short of a miracle.

The church’s choir was scheduled to meet for practice at 7:20 PM on the night of the explosion. The devoted singers were known for their punctuality, but somehow, all 15 members of the choir were late that night. As a result, none of them had yet arrived at the church when it exploded at 7:27.

The choir director and her daughter, the church pianist, had planned to show up 30 minutes early that night. However, the daughter fell asleep, causing both of them to arrive late. The church pastor and his wife wound up running late after their daughter spilled food on her dress. Two choir members didn’t arrive on time because their cars wouldn’t start. Other members were held up by seemingly mundane tasks such as writing a letter, listening to a radio show, and finishing homework. One even ended up running late despite living directly across the street from the church. In the end, every single member of the choir was spared from a potentially tragic event in what was either one of the most astonishing coincidences of all time or an act of divine intervention.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2014/08/23/10-strange-church-mysteries-that-are-still-unsolved/

10 Baffling Mysteries We’ve Only Solved In The Last Year

The most exciting things in science aren’t the things we know, but those we don’t. After all, if science knew everything, it would have stopped a long time ago. Some questions remain unanswered longer than others, awaiting the right technology, genius, or simply luck to come along. And it should come as no surprise that we’re solving mysteries that have puzzled science for many years—nearly every day.

10 The Origin Of The Falkland Islands Wolf


The Falkland Islands wolf, hunted to extinction in 1876, was the only mammal living on the Falkland Islands when they were discovered by explorers in the 17th century. They were amazingly tame and earned a species name meaning “stupid dog of the south.” Its presence on the islands confused naturalists, including Charles Darwin, who wondered how it ended up being the only land mammal so far from the mainland.

A study published in Nature has solved this mystery. Scientists previously believed the wolf diverged from its mainland relatives around 330,000 years ago. Analyzing DNA from an extinct relative has now shown it only diverged around 16,000 years ago, a glacial period when an ice bridge to the islands from Argentina could easily have existed.

9 The Baby Crustacean With No Adult Form


Cerataspis monstrosa was the name given to a species of crustacean discovered 180 years ago. It’s only ever been found as larvae in the guts of fish that have eaten it. No adult version was ever identified, leaving scientists understandably curious. Once again, DNA analysis has been the key to unlocking this mystery.

Professor Keith Crandall at George Washington University did a DNA analysis of the creature, dubbed “monster larva” due to its unusual appearance. He found that it’s actually the larval form of what we thought was an entirely different species, Plesiopenaeus armatus. Scientists missed the connection because the adult form, a deep-water shrimp, looks completely different from its younger self. Specimens were also hard to come by because it lives deep in the Atlantic. Professor Crandall put his ability to solve this nearly 200-year-old mystery down to a combination of luck in finding the right specimens and new techniques that have been developed in the last 10 years.

8 The Possibly Cannibalistic Susquehannocks


The Susquehannocks were a Native American tribe who were given a very bad reputation by European settlers. Depicted as brutal cannibals, the Susequehannocks were accused of the massacre of their neighbors, the Shenks Ferry people. April Beisaw, an anthropologist at Vassar College, thought the tribe might have had an unfair reputation for the last few hundred years, so she decided to check if any massacre actually happened.

With the help of two undergraduates, she set out to examine as much evidence as was available. After studying over 2,000 artifacts from the area and records at several museums, she discovered no evidence that violence of any kind occurred between the two tribes. The legend probably served as useful ammunition for settlers who actually did slaughter members of the Susquehannock tribe. She hopes her work will help “rewrite history” for the natives.

7 Where The Spiral-Toothed Shark’s Teeth Are


Helicoprion is a bizarre species of sharklike fish with a distinctive spiral jaw. Fossils were first discovered in 1899, but the only part of it that fossilized was the strange spiral jaw. Since then, scientists have made numerous guesses at where this swirl of razor-sharp teeth belonged on the body of the creature, ranging from its top jaw, bottom jaw, tail, to pretty much anywhere you can think of. If you do an image search for “helicoprion,” almost all of the pictures you’ll find depict the spiral of teeth curling downwards from the bottom jaw, like a circular saw.

Scientists have now been able to use an X-Ray CT scanner to take high-resolution images of Helicoprion fossils and produce a 3-D model of its skull. They’ve found that it would have been located entirely inside the mouth, acting as a “tooth factory” at the back of the lower jaw and wouldn’t stick out. While the mystery is now solved, 100 years of speculation has left us with plenty of illustrations of what could have been one of nature’s most comical creations.

6 Why Do Corals Pulsate?


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was one of the earliest scientists to study corals in the 19th century. One of the mysteries that has endured since then is why some of them pulsate. This movement, in which their flowerlike heads open and close, requires a lot of energy, so there must be a good reason for it. In jellyfish, the only other creature that pulsates in the same way, it’s used for movement and catching prey, but corals do neither of those things.

Scientists using infrared cameras found that the corals pulsate 95 percent of the time, resting only for about half an hour in the afternoon. By using a special imaging device that allowed researchers to see the movement of water down to individual particles, scientists discovered that the movement stops waste water from building up around the corals. They also found that the oxygen levels in the water around corals were kept low by the movement, increasing the efficiency of photosynthesis in algae that the corals use for food.

5 The Fungus That Caused The Irish Potato Famine


The Irish potato famine devastated the country in 1845, killing 750,000 people and forcing two million more to leave their homeland. Yet the strain of fungus responsible for blighting the crop remained unidentified until this year. Scientists thought it was a strain known as US-1, but a recent analysis has shown it to be a distinct fungus that separated decades earlier and has since gone extinct.

Scientists were able to analyze DNA fragments from dried plants that were between 120–170 years old. They hope the research will improve knowledge of how plant pathogens emerge, which could ultimately help fight crop blights in the future.

4 Darwin’s Dilemma


Darwin’s Dilemma, the mystery of the Cambrian Explosion, refers to a period of time during which a diverse range of animals suddenly appear in the fossil record around 500 million years ago. Darwin described it as “inexplicable,” but held onto hope that future scientists would figure it out.

Creationists have often leapt onto this particular detail as evidence against evolution. A study published this September by Australian scientists claims to have discovered an explanation for the events, often called “Evolution’s Big Bang.” The scientists used advanced mathematical modeling and a detailed analysis of the fossil record to reason that a slightly faster rate of evolution at the time would be enough to account for the apparently sudden appearance (sudden, in geological terms, meaning over tens of millions of years). People had previously believed the rate of evolution required was much faster. The necessary rate they calculated is “perfectly consistent with Darwin’s theory of evolution,” according to the study.

3 Secret Code Of Rhode Island’s Founder


Roger Williams was the founder of Rhode Island, and during the last years of his life, he filled the margins of a book, An Essay Towards the Reconciling of Differences Among Christians, with a series of notes on various subjects. Unfortunately, he invented his own set of symbols that no one understood, so the 300-year-old text couldn’t be deciphered by anyone.

Struggling faculty members opened up the challenge of decoding the book to students. A group of undergraduates, led by a math major, undertook a systematic analysis of the symbols. Initial statistical analysis was unsuccessful, but one of the students figured out that Williams had based his codes on the shorthand he’d learned as a court stenographer in England. This new insight led to a full decoding of the writing, which apparently covers historical geography, medicine, and infant baptism.

2 The Way The Earth’s Core Spins


In 1692, Edmond Halley, of Halley’s Comet fame, first discovered that the Earth’s geomagnetic field drifted westward. He concluded that Earth must have two cores spinning at different speeds, but no one knew why. Science later realized that the Earth’s inner core of solid iron (about the size of the moon) spins eastward, but the outer core of liquid iron rotates in the opposite direction—but at a slower pace. The relationship between the two remained a mystery, however.

This year, scientists at Leeds University were able to use a supercomputer to simulate this relationship 100 times more accurately than ever before. They found the difference can be explained in terms of equal and opposite action (Newton’s Third Law of Motion). The magnetic field pushes one way on the outer core and the opposite way on the inner core, causing the differing rotations.

1 Do Women Blush In The Dark?


“The question whether young women blush in the dark is a very difficult one,” wrote 18th-century German scholar Georg Lictenberg. While it seems a trivial question, it was also impossible to answer. In the dark, no one can see the blushing. Turn on the light, and it’s no longer dark. Charles Darwin (for the third time on this list) even offered up a comment on the problem (he reckoned women probably could blush in the dark).

Technology has come to humanity’s aid in providing an answer. Researchers from Germany and the Netherlands collaborated on an experiment in which they pointed a heat-sensitive camera at a woman in a dark room and asked her to blush. When she claimed to be blushing (they picked someone who could do it at will), there was more heat coming from her cheeks, showing that blood had rushed to the surface. So it turns out that women can blush in the dark. Keep smashing those boundaries, science!

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/10/02/10-baffling-mysteries-weve-only-solved-in-the-last-year/

10 Creepy Mysteries You Haven’t Heard Of

We have had numerous mystery lists in the past, but, due to a recent question I asked on the Listverse fanpage on facebook, I decided to put together a new one. This list covers mysteries that are, hopefully, not well known to most of you (but including one previously published item with updated information), and ones that have something creepy about them. I hope you enjoy the list and be sure to mention other creepy mysteries in the comments.


In 1930, aged 4, Shanti Deva from Delhi, India, told her parents that she had once lived in a place called Muttra (now known as Mathura), that she had been a mother of three, who died in childbirth, and that her previous name was Ludgi. Because the girl continually related the story, her parents investigated. It turned out there was a village called Muttra, and that a woman named Ludgi had recently died there. They took Shanti to the village where she began to speak the local dialect and recognized her previous-life husband and children. She even gave twenty four accurate statements matching confirmed facts about Ludgi’s life. An impressive feat for a four year old. [Source]

In 2008, a creepy gnome was caught on film in Argentina. Jose Alvarez – who filmed the gnome – told newspaper, El Tribuno, that they caught the creature on film while larking about in their hometown of General Guemes, in the province of Salta, Argentina.

He said: “We were chatting about our last fishing trip. It was one in the morning. I began to film a bit with my mobile phone while the others were chatting and joking. Suddenly we heard something – a weird noise as if someone was throwing stones. We looked to one side and saw that the grass was moving. To begin with we thought it was a dog but when we saw this gnome-like figure begin to emerge we were really afraid.”

Other locals have since come forward to say they have spotted the gnome, and the town has been covered in a pall of fear ever since the first sighting.

Freddy Jackson Lg

This creepy photo, taken in 1919, was first published in 1975, by Sir Victor Goddard, a retired R.A.F. officer. The photo is a group portrait of Goddard’s squadron, which had served in World War I, aboard the HMS Daedalus. An extra ghostly face appears in the photo. At the back of the airman positioned on the top row, fourth from the left, can clearly be seen the face of another man. It is said to be the face of Freddy Jackson, an air mechanic who had been accidentally killed by an airplane propeller two days earlier. His funeral had taken place on the day this photograph was snapped. Members of the squadron easily recognized the face as Jackson’s. It has been suggested that Jackson, unaware of his death, decided to show up for the group photo. In case you don’t notice the ghost – look behind the head in the inset on the left of the picture. [Source]

Overtoun Bridge Lower Res

The Overtoun Bridge is an arch bridge located near Milton, Dumbarton, Scotland, which was built in 1859. It has become famous for the number of unexplained instances in which dogs have, apparently, committed suicide by leaping off it. The incidents were first recorded around the 1950′s or 1960′s, when it was noticed that dogs – usually the long-nosed variety, like Collies – would suddenly and unexpectedly leap off the bridge and fall fifty feet, to their deaths. In some cases, however, the dogs would survive, recuperate, and then leap off the bridge again. What makes this tragic mystery even more mysterious is that many of the dogs that jump from Overton Bridge jump from the same side and from almost the same spot: between the final two parapets on the right-hand side of the bridge.

Some believe that the bridge is haunted. In 1994, a man threw his baby son off the bridge, claiming that it was the anti-Christ. Later, the man attempted suicide there as well. Was Overtoun Bridge responsible for this tragic event? Some believe that Overtoun Bridge is a “thin place”, where the barrier between the world of the living and the world of the dead meet, and sometimes cross over. [Source]


On September 3, 1873, a man named James Worson had accepted a challenge to race, in record time, from the town of Leamington to the town of Coventry, a 20-mile trek. He had been boasting of his foot skills and then was asked to prove them, so, with sporting good spirits, he set about to do just that. Two friends, Hammerson Burns and Barham Wise, followed behind in a horse-drawn gig. Burns brought along his camera. Worson was never out of their sight, and would often turn around while running to exchange some friendly words with the two riders. Running in the middle of the road, Worson suddenly appeared to stumble and pitch forward, having time enough for only one short, piercing scream. Wise later said, “It was the most ghastly sound ether of us had ever heard.” But as Worson pitched forward with that terrible cry, instead of falling to the ground as he appeared to be about to have done, he completely and totally vanished in mid-fall, before ever striking the ground. The road itself told the story and Wise took the pictures to prove it. There, in the soft dirt, were Worson’s footprints.They led down the middle of the road, looked as if the runner stumbled, and there they disappeared. A search was called and the locals scoured the area for James. The bloodhounds used in the search were strangely reluctant to approach the spot where Worson disappeared. He was never seen or heard from again. [Source]

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On the night of 8–9 February, 1855, and one or two later nights, after a light snowfall, a series of hoof-like marks appeared in the snow. These footprints, measuring 1.5 to 2.5 inches wide and eight inches apart, continued throughout the countryside for a total of over 100 miles, and, although veering at various points, for the greater part of their course followed straight lines. Houses, rivers, haystacks and other obstacles were traveled straight over, and footprints appeared on the tops of snow-covered roofs and high walls which lay in the footprints’ path, as well as leading up to and exiting various drain pipes of as small as a four inch diameter. There were also attendant rumors about sightings of a “devil-like figure” in the Devon area during the scare. Many townspeople armed themselves and attempted to track down the beast responsible, without success. Recently, on the night of March 12, 2009, more strange marks, corresponding to those left in 1855, were found again in Devon – these new footprints are shown above.


Felicia Felix-Mentor reportedly died in 1907, after a sudden illness of the type that Haitian belief finds to be characteristic of a person marked to be made into a zombie. In 1936, a woman (either nude or in ragged clothing, depending on the source) was found wandering the streets, and made her way to a farm which she claimed belonged to her father. The owners identified the woman as Felicia Felix-Mentor, long thought dead, and Felix-Mentor’s husband also confirmed this. Due to her poor health, she was sent to a government hospital. A doctor who interviewed her described her behavior:

Her occasional outbursts of laughter were devoid of emotion, and very frequently she spoke of herself in either the first or the third person without any sense of discrimination. She had lost all sense of time and was quite indifferent to the world of things around her.


Chupas are mysterious objects, or UFOs, allegedly seen by night in the eastern forests of (mainly) Brazil. They are described as smaller, metallic-like objects that fly about the treetops, making a humming sound like a refrigerator or a transformer. Since most people in the area are poor, they often go out during the night to hunt food, such as deer. To do this, they climb up in trees to await their prey. It is often during this period of waiting that hunters claim to spot the chupas. When seen, chupas are claimed to emit a bright white light. Instead of being “just unidentified objects” or lights, they are alleged to be lethal. In some cases, people claim to have been hunted by them. It is claimed that this often results in all kinds of pain for days (sometimes years) after their experience. It has also been claimed that some people have even died from the alleged lethal beams emitted by the chupas, and that some hunters have tried to shoot at the chupas, with no effect. [Source]


In February, 1948, distress calls were picked up by numerous ships near Indonesia, from the Dutch freighter SS Ourang Medan. The chilling message was, “All officers including captain are dead lying in chartroom and bridge. Possibly whole crew dead.” This message was followed by indecipherable Morse code then one final grisly message… “I die.” When the first rescue vessel arrived on the scene a few hours later, they tried to hail the Ourang Medan but there was no response. A boarding party was sent to the ship and what they found was a frightening sight that has made the Ourang Medan one of the strangest and scariest ghost ship stories of all time.

All the crew and officers of the Ourang Medan were dead, their eyes open, faces looking towards the sun, arms outstretched and a look of terror on their faces. Even the ship’s dog was dead, found snarling at some unseen enemy. When nearing the bodies in the boiler room, the rescue crew felt a chill, though the temperature was near 110°F. The decision was made to tow the ship back to port, but before they could get underway, smoke began rolling up from the hull. The rescue crew left the ship and barely had time to cut the tow lines before the Ourang Medan exploded and sank.

To this day, the exact fate of the Ourang Medan and her crew remains a mystery. [Source]


In September, 1931, the Irving family — James, Margaret and daughter Voirrey (13) — claimed to hear persistent scratching and rustling noises behind their farmhouse’s wooden wall panels. At first they thought it was a rat, but then the unseen creature began making different sounds, sometimes spitting like a ferret, or growling like a dog, or gurgling like a baby. The creature soon revealed an ability to speak, and introduced itself as Gef, a mongoose. It claimed to have been born in New Delhi, India, in 1852. According to Voirrey, who was the only person to see him properly, Gef was the size of a small rat, with yellowish fur and a large bushy tail (the Indian mongoose is in reality much larger than a rat and does not have a bushy tail).

Gef variously claimed to be “an extra extra clever mongoose”, an “earthbound spirit” and “a ghost in the form of a weasel”. He once said, “I am a freak. I have hands and I have feet, and if you saw me you’d faint, you’d be petrified, mummified, turned into stone or a pillar of salt!” Voirrey Irving, who took Gef under her wing, died in 2005. In an interview published late in life, she maintained that Gef was not her creation. [Source]

Read more: http://listverse.com/2010/09/12/10-creepy-mysteries-you-havent-heard-of/

Top 10 Most Overlooked Mysteries in History

Over the last few months we have gone through 30 of the worlds greatest mysteries but what we haven’t covered are ancient mysteries. This list aims to put that right! Here are ten great unsolved mysteries of science. Do you have a theory that might solve one of these mysteries? If so, tell us in the comments!

10. Rongorongo


While many people know of the Moai of Easter Island, not that many people know of the other mystery associated with Easter Island. ‘Rongorongo’ is the hieroglyphic written language of the region’s earlier inhabitants. Rongorongo is strange in that no other neighbouring oceanic people used a written language. It appeared around the 1700s, though was unfortunately lost after the early European colonizers banned it because of its ties to the native islanders’ pagan roots.

9. Lost City of Helike


In the late 2nd century AD, the Greek writer Pausanias wrote an account of how (4-500 years earlier?) in one night a powerful earthquake destroyed the great city of Helike, with a Tsunami washing away what remained of the once-flourishing metropolis. The city, capital of the Achaean League, was a worship centre devoted to the ancient god Poseidon, god of the sea. There was no trace of the legendary society mentioned outside of the ancient Greek writings until 1861, when an archeologist found some loot thought to have come from Helike – a bronze coin with the unmistakable head of Poseidon. In 2001, a pair of archeologists managed to locate the ruins of Helike beneath the mud and gravel of the coast, and are currently trying to peice together the rise and sudden fall of what has been called the “real” Atlantis.

8. The Bog Bodies


This mystery may even be a problem for those legendary investigators from CSI and the like! The bog bodies are hundreds of ancient corpses found buried around the northern bogs and wetlands of Northern Europe. These bodies are remarkably well preserved, some dating back 2,000 years. Many of these bodies have tell-tale signs of torture and other medieval “fun”, which have made some researchers postulating that these unfortunate victims were the result of ritual sacrifices.

7. Fall of the Minoans


The Minoans are best known for the legend of Theseus and the Minotaur, but it is in fact the demise of this once-great civilisation that is more interesting. While many historians concentrate on the fall of the Roman Empire, the fall of the Minoans, who resided on the island of Crete, is an equal, if not greater mystery. Three and a half thousand years ago the island was shaken by a huge volcanic eruption on the neighbouring Thera Island. Archeologists unearthed tablets which have shown that the Minoans carried on for another 50 years after the eruption, before finally folding. Theories of what finally ended them have ranged from volcanic ash covering the island and devastating harvests to the weakened society eventually getting taken over by invading Greeks.

6. The Carnac Stones

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Everyone has heard of Stonehenge, but few know the Carnac Stones. These are 3,000 megalithic stones arranged in perfect lines over a distance of 12 kilometers on the coast of Brittany in the North-West of France. Mythology surrounding the stones says that each stone is a soldier in a Roman legion that Merlin the Wizard turned in to stone. Scientific attempts at an explanation suggests that the stones are most likely an elaborate earthquake detector. The identity of the Neolithic people who built them is unknown.

5. Who Was Robin Hood?

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The historical search for the legendary thief Robin Hood has turned up masses of possible names. One candidate includes the Yorkshire fugitive Robert Hod, also known as Hobbehod or Robert Hood of Wakefield. The large number of suspects is complicated further as the name Robin Hood became a common term for an outlaw. As literature began to add new characters to the tale such as Prince John and Richard the Lionheart the trail became more obscure. To this day no one knows who this criminal really was.

4. The Lost Roman Legion

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After the Parthians defeated underachieving Roman General Crassus’ army, legend has it that a small band of the POWs wandered through the desert and were eventually rounded up by the Han military 17 years later. First century Chinese historian Ban Gu wrote an account of a confrontation with a strange army of about a hundred men fighting in a “fish-scale formation” unique to Roman forces. An Oxford historian who compared ancient records claims that the lost roman legion founded a small town near the Gobi desert named Liqian, which in Chinese translates to Rome. DNA tests are being conducted to answer that claim and hopefully explain some of the residents’ green eyes, blonde hair, and fondness of bullfighting.

3. The Voynich Manuscript


The Voynich Manuscript is a medieval document written in an unknown script and in an unknown language. For over one hundred years people have tried to break the code to no avail. The overall impression given by the surviving leaves of the manuscript suggests that it was meant to serve as a pharmacopoeia or to address topics in medieval or early modern medicine. However, the puzzling details of illustrations have fueled many theories about the book’s origins, the contents of its text, and the purpose for which it was intended. The document contains illustrations that suggest the book is in six parts: Herbal, Astronomical, Biological, Cosmological, Pharmaceutical, and recipes.

2. The Tarim Mummies

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An amazing discovery of 2,000 year old mummies in the Tarim basin of Western China occurred in the early 90s. But more amazing than the discovery itself was the astonishing fact that the mummies were blond haired and long nosed. In 1993, Victor Mayer a college professor collected DNA from the mummies and his tests verified that the bodies were all of European genetic stock. Ancient Chinese texts from as early as the first millennium BC do mention groups of far-east dwelling caucasian people referred to as the Bai, Yeuzhi, and Tocharians. None, though, fully reveal how or why these people ended up there.

1. Disappearance of the Indus Valley Civilization


The ancient Indus Valley people, India’s oldest known civilization had a culture that stretched from Western India to Afghanistan and a populace of over 5 million. le—India’s oldest known civilization—were an impressive and apparently sanitary bronze-age bunch. The scale of their baffling and abrupt collapse rivals that of the great Mayan decline. They were a hygienically advanced culture with a highly sophisticated sewage drainage system, and immaculately constructed baths. There is to date no archaeological evidence of armies, slaves, conflicts, or other aspects of ancient societies. No one knows where this civilization went.

This list was derived from the excellent article of the same name at livescience

Read more: http://listverse.com/2008/02/25/top-10-most-overlooked-mysteries-in-history/

10 Unsolved Cases Involving Murdered Couples

On December 20, 1968, one of the most infamous serial killers of all time took his first known victims after a teenage couple, David Arthur Faraday and Betty Lou Jensen, were shot and killed in Benicia, California. Over the next several months, the assailant became known as the “Zodiac Killer” and would attack two more young couples. In both cases, the female victim was killed while the male was seriously wounded before ultimately surviving. Since the Zodiac’s identity is still a complete mystery, all of these murders remain officially unsolved. Unfortunately, there are a lot more stories just like this.

Here are 10 unsolved cases where a couple was brutally murdered and the killer was never brought to justice. In some of these stories, an innocent person was wrongfully convicted while the real killer went unpunished. And there’s also the possibility that some of these couples might be unconfirmed victims of the Zodiac Killer . . . 

10 Robert Domingos & Linda Edwards


In 1963, 18-year-old Robert Domingos was the star football player at Lompoc High School. He was engaged to his 17-year-old fiancée, Linda Edwards, and the couple was set to graduate. In the beginning of June, Robert and Linda went to a remote beach in Santa Barbara County to sunbathe. After they failed to return home, their parents filed a missing persons report and their bodies were found the next day. Robert had been shot 11 times and Linda nine times.

It was assumed that the killer approached the couple on the beach and forced Linda to bind Robert’s hands behind his back. They both tried to run before the assailant shot them. After Linda was dead, the killer used a knife to cut down the front of her swimsuit before tearing it off. He then dragged their bodies into a nearby shack and attempted to burn it down. The crime scene would bear a striking resemblance to the Zodiac Killer’s attack on Bryan Calvin Hartnell and Cecelia Ann Shepard at Lake Berryessa in 1969. Because of this, it’s always been theorized that Robert and Linda could have been the Zodiac’s first victims.

9 John Franklin Hood & Sandra Garcia


On the evening of February 21, 1970, 20-year-old Sandra Garcia left her home with her fiancée, John Franklin Hood. The couple was carrying a blanket and some food as they headed toward East Beach near Santa Barbara. The couple never returned home, and their bodies were found atop their blanket on the beach the next morning. They were beaten and stabbed to death; John was stabbed 11 times, and Sandra was so badly mutilated that she was almost unrecognizable.

The murder weapon turned out to be a bone-headed fish knife, which was buried in the sand beneath their bodies. Nothing was stolen, and Sandra was not sexually assaulted, so there seemed to be no motive for the crime. Months later, there was another pair of unsolved murders on a different Santa Barbara beach. Two young men, Thomas Dolan and Homer Shadwick, were hacked to death by an unidentified assailant. A third man, Thomas Hayes, survived the attack. It’s unknown if the two crimes are connected, but neither were solved. However, given the similarities to the 1969 attack at Lake Berryessa, it’s been speculated that the murders of John Franklin Hood and Sandra Garcia might also have been committed by the Zodiac Killer.

8 Jason Allen & Lindsay Cutshall


Thirty-five years after the Zodiac Killer claimed his first known victims, California was shaken by a brutal double murder which brought back memories of his crimes. On August 14, 2004, Jason Allen and his fiancée Lindsay Cutshall were visiting the coastal town of Jenner, California. After finding no rooms at the local motel, the couple decided to spend the night camping on Fish Head Beach. Four days later, their bodies were discovered on the beach in their sleeping bags. They were both shot in the head by a .45-caliber rifle while they slept, and there were no signs of any struggle.

The crime seemed completely motiveless—none of the couple’s belongings were taken and there was no sexual assault. A drifter named Joseph Henry Burgess was a potential suspect after he was killed in a shootout with police in 2009, but DNA testing failed to match him to evidence found at the crime scene. Numerous theories have been presented about who committed the murders and some have gone so far to speculate that the Zodiac Killer himself was responsible. Nine years later, the killer has yet to be found.

7 Seymour & Arlene Tankleff


On September 7, 1988, a wealthy couple was brutally attacked inside their Long Island home. Their 17-year-old son awoke that morning to discover his mother—bludgeoned and throat cut—murdered in her bed. His father, Seymour, had also been bludgeoned and was lying unconscious in his study with his throat slit. After Marty called 911, his father was taken to the hospital and remained in a coma for 29 days before passing away. Police considered Marty a likely suspect, and after an intense interrogation, Marty confessed to the murders. They sentenced him to 50 years.

However, Marty maintained that he was coerced into confessing because the detective falsely claimed that Seymour had come out of his coma and implicated Marty in the murders. Marty always insisted the most likely suspect was Jerry Steuerman, his father’s partner in a chain of bagel stores. Steuerman was in the midst of a dispute with Seymour and owed him $500,000. One week after the murders, he made the bizarre decision to move to California, where he started living under a new identity. After numerous appeals, Marty was released from prison and had his conviction vacated in 2008. However, police have never attempted to pursue Jerry Steuerman as a suspect, so the murders of the Tankleffs remain unsolved.

6 Jay Cook & Tanya Van Cuylenborg


Twenty-year-old Jay Cook and his girlfriend Tanya Van Cuylenborg were residents of British Columbia who decided to cross the border into Washington State to go camping in November of 1987. It’s believed that the couple might have encountered their killer on a ferry to Seattle that night. After they didn’t return home, Tanya’s body was discovered on a rural road in Skagit County. She was bound with plastic wire ties before being raped and shot to death.

The van was found 150 kilometers (90 miles) away in downtown Bellingham. Authorities found the van’s keys, Tanya’s driver’s license, and a pair of surgical gloves two blocks away. Jay’s body was discovered under a bridge near Monroe. He was beaten and strangled to death. In the following months, the victim’s families received dozens of anonymous greeting cards from someone claiming to be the killer, who taunted them with descriptions of the murders. However, DNA on the cards did not match DNA found at any of the crime scenes. Many years later, it was discovered that they had been written by an elderly, mentally ill transient who had nothing to do with the crimes. After more than 25 years, the murders of Jay Cook and Tanya Van Cuylenborg are still unsolved.

5 Harry & Megan Tooze


On July 26, 1993, 64-year-old Harry Tooze and his wife Megan were murdered at their farm in Llanharry, South Wales. The killer shot Harry in the back of the head at close range with a shotgun. When Megan attempted to flee, she was murdered in the exact same fashion. Their bodies were wrapped in a carpet and placed inside the cowshed. Jonathan Jones—the fiancee of the Toozes’ daughter, Cheryl—was the prime suspect. Authorities believed that Jonathan committed the murders in order to collect a £150,000 inheritance, and his thumbprint was found on a saucer inside the Tooze home.

Jonathan was charged with the murders and sentenced to life in prison in 1995. However, Cheryl Tooze never believed that he was guilty and campaigned for his release. Since Jonathan frequented the Tooze home on numerous occasions, it wasn’t that unusual for his thumbprint to be on the saucer, and there was no other evidence tying him to the crime at all. In 1996, the courts overturned his conviction and released him. The real killer of Harry and Megan Tooze has yet to be brought to justice.

4 Stanley Skridla & Mary Jane Reed


In Oregon, Illinois on the evening of June 25, 1948, 17-year-old Mary Jane Reed was on a date with 28-year-old Stanley Skridla. The couple went to a few nightspots and was last seen driving toward County Farm Road, the local lovers’ lane on the outskirts of town. The next morning, Stanley’s body was found at the side of the road. He was shot several times and his vehicle was half a mile away. He still had his wallet, ruling out robbery.

Four days later, Mary Jane’s body was found in a ditch three kilometers (two miles) north of Stanley. She was shot once in the head, and there didn’t seem to be any sign of sexual assault. One possible suspect was a married Oregon police officer who had allegedly been conducting an affair with Mary Jane. She reportedly broke off the affair a few days before her date with Stanley, and eyewitnesses claimed they saw this officer tailing them on the night of the murders. However, there was no evidence to tie him to the crime and the case went cold for several decades. In 2005, the case was reopened and Mary Jane’s body was exhumed. To everyone’s shock, the skull in Mary Jane’s casket wasn’t actually hers! To date, her actual skull has never been found, adding another bizarre element to this unsolved mystery.

3 Bernd Goericke & Andrea Scherpf


Bernd Goericke and his fiancée Andrea Scherpf decided to take a vacation to Canada in 1983. On October 6, their bodies were discovered on an isolated road 32 kilometers south of Chetwynd, British Columbia. They were both shot to death. The couple was seen hitchhiking in the area while carrying camping and hiking gear, but these possessions were never recovered. The only piece of evidence at the crime scene was a pair of bloody jeans.

The case remained cold for six years until police received a tip from a woman who claimed that her former boyfriend, Andy Rose—a Newfoundland man working in Chetwynd at the time of the murders—had shown up at her trailer covered in blood, claiming he shot the German couple. On the basis of her testimony, Rose was convicted in 1991. After winning an appeal for a retrial three years later, he was convicted again. Rose was finally exonerated and released from prison in 2001 when DNA found on the bloody jeans didn’t match him. Nearly 30 years later, the real killer of Bernd Goericke and Andrea Scherpf has never been found.

2 Mike Riemer & Diana Robertson


On December 12, 1985, Mike Riemer, his girlfriend Diana Robertson, and their two-year-old daughter left their home in Tacoma, Washington to find a Christmas tree. Hours later, Crystal was found wandering alone at a department store and could only explain her parents’ absence by saying: “Mommy is in the trees.” Two months later, the couple’s truck was found in a remote forest over 38 kilometers (30 miles) from the department store. Diana was stabbed 17 times and a tube sock was tied around her neck. Mike Riemer was nowhere to be found.

The crime scene resembled the unsolved murder of another couple, Steven Harkins and Ruth Cooper, in the same area four months earlier, right down to the sock. Since Mike was known to be abusive toward Diana, authorities speculated that he might have been responsible for both the death of his girlfriend and the couple. Did he decide to drive his daughter to a safe place before disappearing? Or were Mike and Diana the victims of another killer who did not want to harm a child? Mike Riemer was considered a wanted fugitive until 2011 when a fragment of his skull was found in the woods a kilometer from the murder scene. However, the question of who actually committed this crime still remains unanswered.

1 Edward Wheeler Hall & Eleanor Reinhardt Mills


One of the most sensational murder cases of all time was launched in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1922. For the past four years, a married Episcopal priest named Edward Wheeler Hall had been conducting an affair with Eleanor Reinhardt Mills, who happened to be the wife of the acting sexton at Edward’s church.

On September 16, the couple’s bodies were discovered in a rural area. They were both shot in the head and Eleanor’s throat was cut. Torn love letters were lying on the ground between them. Because the bodies were found near a border between two neighboring counties, there was confusion over jurisdictional issues, so onlookers wound up trampling the crime scene and destroying potential evidence.

The prime suspects were Edward’s wife, Frances Noel Stevens Hall, and her two brothers, Henry and Willie. It was believed they committed the murders as revenge for her husband’s infidelity and were brought to trial in 1926. A witness from the area testified that she saw the murders take place from a distance and claimed to have heard a female voice refer to one of the assailants as “Henry.” However, the witness changed her story so much that her testimony was unreliable, and three other witnesses claimed that Henry Stevens was fishing on the night of the murders. Ultimately, there wasn’t enough evidence to convict the defendants, so they were acquitted. Officially, the murders of Edward Wheeler Hall and Eleanor Reinhardt Mills are still unsolved.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/07/22/10-unsolved-cases-involving-murdered-couples/

Top 10 Haunted US College Campuses

Being a college student myself and interested in all that is creepy and mysterious, I was inspired to write this list of the top 10 most haunted Colleges and Universities in the USA. I apologize in advance for those of you who attend night classes at any of these institutions. Please feel free to add your favorite college haunts to the comment section! We will begin with my current institution…

Pattee Library Psu

The inspiration for this whole list was the story of Betsy Aardsma who was a student at the university in 1969. She was doing research for her English class when she was stabbed to death in one of the aisles of books in The Pattee Library. Her murder goes unsolved even today. Her ghost is said to wander the library late at night. One student who was looking at books in the very aisle that Betsy was killed in, awoke that night to the sensation of being strangled – so much so that she could not call out for help to her roommate sleeping in the same room. If this isn’t enough, the spirit of an ax murderer is said to haunt Brumbaugh Hall on Halloween nights.


This now abandoned college is host to a number of ghosts from the days when the college was still occupied by students. One of the more famous ghosts is that of a young girl who had a relationship with a priest at the school. When she became pregnant she either committed suicide or was murdered by the priest. Both her spirit and the spirit of the priest haunt the old Academy Building. Ghost hunters have also recorded numerous voices, screams and unexplained images on the abandoned campus.

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In a school with as much history as Notre Dame, it is no surprise that it has its share of haunts. George Gipp, a legendary Notre Dame Football star who gave the famous “Win one for the Gipper” speech, is believed to haunt the university. A friendly ghost, he is often observed hovering over students shoulders, sometimes giving them a friendly pat, only to vanish when they turn around. While it would appear he is watching over students, the Patawatami Indians that also haunt the school are not so friendly. It is believed that Columbus Hall is built on their burial grounds, and the ghostly warriors are often seen riding horses up and down the steps of the hall as if protecting something within.


Another old school holding many mysteries and mysterious occurrences; from old confederate soldiers to murder and suicide, this campus is full of haunts. The Phi Mu sorority house is reportedly haunted by a girl named Anna Hamilton who witnessed her boyfriend murdered before her eyes and his body buried under the building’s front steps. Students have been able to talk with her using a Ouija board, and her crying is often heard in the house’s empty rooms. Another haunted sorority house is the Alpha Gamma Delta house. Being one of the universities oldest sororities, it is no surprise that is houses one of the oldest haunts, going all the way back to the founding family. Their daughter, Susie was stood up on her wedding day. Heartbroken, she hung herself in the attic. To this day occupants and visitors alike report seeing a women glaring at them from the attic windows.

Montclair State Academic Building

More specifically the Clove Road Apartments at Montclair State. Like Notre Dame, the apartments are also built on an Indian burial ground…never a good idea. Doors and windows slam and lock unexpectedly. Lights flicker on and off. The building always feels cold, even with the thermostat on max. Roommates report feeling random feelings of dread, and many fights have occurred for seemingly no reason at all. A man dressed in 19th century clothes hovers over the beds of sleeping tenants, only to vanish with their screams. Worst of all are the figures seen darting between the trees in the woods at night, believed to be the ghost of the Indians no longer at rest. No one will go near the woods after sundown for fear of the unknown.


This college was used as a field hospital during the civil war. Unlike hospitals of today, civil war hospitals were often the equivalent of a modern day butcher shop. With little to no treatment options for the wounds suffered by battlefield weapons, the primary treatment was amputations. Stories are told of nurses carrying buckets of severed arms and legs away from these hospitals surgery wards. The screams of these men and, if you’re unlucky enough, the smells of the hospital are present throughout the campus. A few students have reported walking into full ghostly hospitals late at night. Amidst all this horror, a friendly ghost walks among them. Mother Seton, founder of the American Sisters of Charity, is often seen walking around campus smiling at students and rushing to attend to the eternally injured phantoms of soldiers.

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Surprising that a theological university and seminary would be full of haunts but Drew University has its fair share. A misty apparition haunts Asbury hall, believed to be of a student who hung himself from the rafters. The campus is also known for the haunting of Roxanna Mead Drew, wife of the founder. One day, a fire broke out in Mead Hall (named after Roxanna) and members of the Madison Fire Department were called in to douse the flames. Two firefighters who were fighting the blaze saw a woman apparently trapped inside the burning hall and went in after her. Witnesses say that she was dressed in 19th Century attire and that the flames burned right through her. She glanced at them then disappeared.

Mary Magdelan Church

It is never a good idea to build a university on the grounds of an old insane asylum as Cal State decided to do. Ever since the university first opened its doors in 2002, students have reported seeing the universities old residents wandering the grounds, halls, and streets of Cal State. Inmates are seen entering rooms which are empty upon investigation. Another inmate dances in a parking lot at night, only to fade as he approaches the streetlights. Scarier still are the violent ghosts who have thrown objects, knocked students over, and vandalized locked classrooms.


After a night of drinking, a sister at the Alpha Phi Omega Sorority Hall returned to her room late one night. While ascending the stairs to get to her floor she noticed that she was being watched by a figure at the top of the stairs. Upon further inspection she realized that the figure, that of a man, was wearing a grey uniform and had no face. She quickly ran and told her friends; however the building was searched and nothing was found. Ever since then the man has been seen in numerous locations on campus. Some years ago, in Crampton Hall, a student was found hung in his closet. It was quickly determined that the student had been the victim of foul play, however no killer was ever found. Fast forward to 2007. When a student didn’t show up for a party, his friends went looking for him. They found him in his closet, hanging bound and naked upside-down, alive but terrified. That same night, several students were awakened by a man standing over them, who would turn and disappear into their closets. The man has never been identified.


This should not be a surprise. It is well known and documented that Ohio University is perhaps one of the most haunted places in the world. From ghost teachers that talk to students, sounds and voices heard in sealed rooms, to an entire ghost basketball team, this campus is truly full of haunts. Nearly every single building on campus has at least one ghost associated with it. In a place literally full of ghosts, one manages to stand out among the rest. Wilson Hall is said to be one of the most haunted buildings in the United States, and was featured in the TV series “Scariest Places on Earth”. A female student practicing satanic rituals supposedly died violently in room 428. While this story has no real backing, what is true is that school officials have closed and sealed the room because no student could live in it peacefully. Voices are heard throughout the halls, doors lock and unlock, open and close on their own, and ghostly figures wander the building. The building is also dead center of a pentagram formed by five cemeteries which surround the campus. Rumor has it that this building itself was built on top of an old mental hospital cemetery, however this was proven to be untrue.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2010/12/01/top-10-haunted-us-college-campuses/