Top 10 Bizarre Eating Habits

[WARNING: This list contains text which may offend some readers] People love to eat. Some people enjoy the occasional rare steak, others maybe prefer vegetables to all other foods, some, however, would prefer to consume things that many of us would consider disgusting and quite off-putting indeed. Just as you might waste your time gnawing and spitting sunflower seeds, another person might prefer the taste of glass. Maybe you like a nice bit of candy to calm your nerves, well, instead try a little bite of your own hair. Those options might sound revolting to you and I, but to a few, they’re a way of life.

10. Anorexia

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Anorexia is self-starvation and is often associated with other bizarre habits such as drinking orange juice laced with cotton wool in order to give a false sense of satiety. This is a serious eating disorder that causes many deaths every year around the world.

9. Xylophagia

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Xylophagia is a condition involving the consumption of wood. It is one form of the eating disorder known as pica. People who suffer from this eating disorder usually consume things like paper, pencils, tree bark or other items made of wood. Young children may exhibit xylophagy, but it is not normally associated with psychological issues; it is typical of the standard oral fixation of infants. [Wikipedia]

8. Trichophagia

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Trichophagia is the compulsive eating of hair. Most often, long hair is masticated while still attached to the head and then swallowed. The hair eventually collects in the gastrointestinal tract causing symptoms such as indigestion and stomach pain. A purgative can be given to induce the trichobezoar (hairball) to come out. On November 24, 2007, it was reported that surgeons removed a 4.5kg hairball from the stomach of a 18 year-old teen in Chicago, US who was suffering from a psychological condition which caused her to ingest her own hair. [Wikipedia]

7. Hyalophagia

Glass 1

Hyalophagia is the eating of glass. Primarily noted as a pathological disorder, it is also considered a form of pica. Hyalophagia is highly dangerous to humans as the consumption of glass has the possiblity to cut open the stomach, intestines, and throat as it passes through the system. [Wikipedia]

6. Urophagia

Lemonade Honeycitrus

Urophagia is the consumption of urine – either your own or others. Urophagia is generally considered harmless, as the urine of healthy individuals is sterile. However, a small risk exists if there is a disease present, or bacterial infection of the urethra. There may also be secondary effects, such as skin rashes in individuals sensitive to urine.

5. Geophagy

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Geophagy is a practice of eating earthy substances such as clay, and chalk, often thought to augment a mineral-deficient diet. It is closely related to pica which is an abnormal craving or appetite for nonfood substances. The many possible health benefits of geophagy remain under study and are much debated. Many scientists believe that it is only harmful, while others argue that there may be adaptive benefits to the practice, since humans and animal alike have engaged in it for thousands of years. Like coprophagia, it may be dangerous because parasite eggs can be passed in animal feces.

4. Anthropophagy

Aztec Cannibalism

Not to be confused with the totally different “anthropology”. This is also better known as cannibalism. Among humans it has been practiced by various groups in the past in Europe, the Amazon Basin, usually in rituals connected to tribal warfare. Fiji was once known as the ‘Cannibal Isles’. The Chaco Canyon ruins of the Anasazi culture have been interpreted by some archaeologists as containing evidence of ritual cannibalism.

3. Autosarcophagy

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This is the disorder of self-cannibalism. It is categorized as pica (disorders relating to consumption of things that should not be consumed). Some people will engage in self-cannibalism as an extreme form of body modification, for example eating their own skin. Others will drink their own blood, a practice called autovampirism. On January 13, 2007, Danish artist Marco Evaristti hosted a dinner party for his most intimate friends. The main meal was agnolotti pasta, on which was topped a meatball made with the artist’s own fat, removed earlier in the year in a liposuction operation. Bernd Jürgen Armando Brandes had hoped to engage in self-cannibalism before being cannibalized himself in the infamous recent German trial of his murderer, Armin Meiwes. This is an exact quote from Bernd taken from usenet in which he offered himself for consumption:

i,m a male who really love’s the thought of being on the dinner table,
my body is yours to cook anyway you want, i am for real my flesh is
yours. fry me,broil me barbacue me i don,t care just as long as you
enjoy your meal, i want to be your meal, its my calling an i’m ready.
longpig! – Usenet: Mar 31 2002, 7:09 pm

2. Coprophagia

Review Hanky 1

Coprophagia is the practice of the consumption of feces (poo); it is extremely uncommon in humans. It is generally thought to be the result of the paraphilia known as coprophilia, although it is only diagnosable in extreme cases where it disturbs one’s functioning. Consuming other people’s feces carries the risk of contracting diseases spread through fecal matter, such as hepatitis. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, pneumonia, and influenza. Vaccinations are generally recommended for those who engage in this practice.

1. Necrophagia

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Necrophagia is the act of a human eating dead human flesh. This is not particularly common but is habitual in those who practice it. There is (believe it or not) a level above this, in which the habit pertains to partly decomposed human flesh.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2007/11/28/top-10-bizarre-eating-habits/

The 10 Most Frustrating Ways Expensive Stuff Was Lost Or Destroyed

Accidents happen, and millions of dollars worth of stuff is destroyed every day because someone dropped it into a toilet. That’s how half of all the iPhones on Earth are destined to die some day. If you look into it, though, there are stories about things worth tons of money being destroyed, lost, or damaged for pretty petty and frustrating reasons, either because the people weren’t aware of what the stuff was worth or because they simply didn’t care.

10 The Platinum Spain Dumped Into The Sea

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Platinum is one of those metals with a fantastic reputation. Though not as shiny as gold or as able to kill werewolves as silver, platinum enjoys it’s own niche as a precious metal with a value to match. The price of precious metals is fluctuating all the time, but as of today, a single ounce would set you back around $1,400.

The thing is, if you went back to the 16th century, you couldn’t give platinum away. When the Spanish first encountered the metal in Ecuador, they initially believed it to be unripe gold, due to the fact it was similar in density. In fact, the metal was ignored by all but one group of people—forgers. Taking advantage of the density of the metal, they used it to create counterfeit gold coins that were incredibly hard to tell apart from the real thing.

The problem actually got so severe that both the Spanish and English governments were at a loss as to how to combat it. However, the Spanish eventually came up with the stupidest solution to the problem when they dumped virtually every scrap of platinum in the entire country into the sea in an effort to combat the forging problem. Little did they realize that, just 100 years or so later, the metal would be so valuable that the roads in the Colombian towns in which the metal was first discovered (and promptly ignored) were literally paved with gold when rich veins of platinum were found beneath them.

9 The Cognac That Was Dropped, Ruining A World Record

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Cocktails are serious business, and mixologists across the world are creating new, exciting drinks on a daily basis in the hope humanity never gets bored with getting drunk. One of the more bizarre and interesting stories of the cocktail-making world is the never-ending quest to create the most expensive cocktail of all time.

Salvatore Calabrese, a bartender at the Playboy Club in London, was in the middle of preparing his record-breaking $7,800 cocktail when the customer who’d ordered it asked if they could hold the incredibly rare and wicked expensive bottle of 1788 Clos de Griffier Vieux that was supposed to make up the bulk of his drink—all $78,000 worth. You can see what’s coming next, right?

The customer—for no explainable reason, given that they were holding something worth nearly $100,000—dropped the bottle, smashing its contents all over the floor. However, the real kicker was that Salvatore had yet to add the cognac to the cocktail, meaning not only was his virtually irreplaceable cognac now in pieces, but so was his record attempt. However, showing the chops of a gentlemen who could only be a part of the Playboy family, Salvatore forgave the customer. He said that he couldn’t be angry at someone for wanting to appreciate such a fine bottle of cognac. The fact it was insured was presumably also a factor in Salvatore’s quickness to forgive.

8 The Chandelier Someone Threw A Croc At

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Chandeliers are among one of the most opulent signs of one’s wealth. To some, they’re garish, but to others, they’re beautiful. Whatever your opinion, you’re likely well aware that they’re worth a lot of money.

One such chandelier, located in the 360 Mall in Kuwait, was severely damaged when a teenager decided to throw their shoe at it for no reason whatsoever. This random act of destruction would be rather annoying on its own, but it’s the person’s choice of shoe that really pushes this one over the edge.

Crocs. The person was wearing Crocs.

The chandelier, which had an estimated value of over $1.8 million, suffered severe damage as a result of the shoe-throwing. Though American sources covering the story got the Croc angle covered and then some, you have to go to Kuwait sources to find out the fate of the teenager in question. Disappointingly, despite causing potentially hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of damage with the ugliest shoe in the world, they were let off without so much as a slap on the wrist.

7 The $9,000 Video Game Ship

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If you don’t think video games are serious, we invite you to delve into the world of EVE Online, an MMO game where you can literally spend thousands of dollars on and hours flying pretend spaceships. The game is famous online for its actual economy where one can purchase items with actual real-world value.

For example, consider PLEX, an item from the world of EVE Online that can be purchased with real-world money that grants 30 days of in-game play time. PLEX is a valuable commodity that can be traded or sold in game, or even sold to people in the real world, for real money. Most annoyingly of all, however, is the fact that PLEX can be destroyed or stolen in game. In other words, you could spend $1,000 on PLEX and have some jerk blow it up for no reason, and you won’t have any way of ever getting your money back. We’re not using that as a worst case scenario: That actually happened once.

One of the most expensive ships in the game is the so called Revenant, a ship with a real-world value estimated at somewhere around the $9,000 mark. Though not the most expensive item on this list, you have to realize that this was likely some player’s pride and joy. It no doubt represented hundreds, if not thousands, of hours of work on their part. Not to mention that, in terms of gaming, this thing was hundreds of times more expensive than virtually anything else a person could even think of buying.

So why was it destroyed? Well, as far as anyone can tell, just because. Imagine if you woke up one morning and your car had been destroyed because someone thought it was funny—then, when you tried to tell someone about it, they shrugged, laughed, and wrote an article about how much money you’d just lost. The weird thing is, this happens in EVE Online all the time. In the past, players have destroyed in-game items with thousands of dollars’ worth of real-world value because they could. The worst part of all this is that in EVE, if you lose something, there’s no insurance, no take backs, and if someone decides to obliterate your $9,000 ship, there’s nothing you can do about it. Ouch!

6 The Crash That Destroyed Almost A Dozen Sports Cars

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Sports cars are the ultimate status symbol—they’re cool, expensive, and instantly recognizable. Even if you’re not a car lover, you have to admit that there’s just something sad about seeing hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of precision-engineered metal lying in a crumpled heap.

A crash in Japan, in which no one was seriously hurt, has been recognized as the most expensive crash in history when 10 drivers on their way to a supercar event in Hiroshima crashed almost $3 million worth of car.

As we said at the start of this article, accidents happen, but in this case, several of the drivers were accused of violating traffic laws and some of the drivers openly admitted they had no idea how powerful their cars were when later questioned about the crash. In other words, millions of dollars’ worth of Ferraris were destroyed because the idiots driving them couldn’t resist showing off before they got to an event specifically designed to let them show off the cars they had no idea how to drive!

But that’s not the most frustrating way rare cars were destroyed—no, for that you have to come to the States.

5 The Rare Cars Destroyed For Scrap

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The “Cash for Clunkers” scheme, officially known as the “Car Allowance Rebate System” or CARS, was a way of getting older, less fuel-efficient cars off the road devised by the government. The plan largely did its job, and we won’t comment on it further than that. However, when figures were released about exactly what kind of cars people were handing in for money, eagle-eyed car fans noticed something.

Some of the cars people had deemed worthless were actually super-rare or old cars that the right collector would pay an arm and a leg for. The car blog site Jalopnik noted that, among the hundreds of effectively worthless cars destroyed, there were some genuine gems.

For example, someone actually traded in a Bentley Continental R, a car with an estimated value of over $300,000, which was also one of only 1,290 built. Another traded in an Aston Martin DB7 Volante, which was one of only 7,000 ever built along with being worth a cool $100,000. In other words, someone out there actually didn’t think James Bond’s car’s cousin was worth anything more than its value in scrap.

For the less discerning reader, other sources have noted that less rare, but equally awesome cars like Corvettes, Mustangs, and even Camaros have been destroyed under the scheme. Meaning, yes, someone traded in Bumblebee!

4 The First Edition Harry Potter Book Thrown Away Unread

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There are around only 300–500 first edition Harry Potter books in existence today, depending on which source you consult. Along with being worth an approximate $50,000 each (a price that will only go up with time), they’re also the holy grail for Potter fans and literary buffs alike.

Nigel Reynolds holds the distinction of being the first person to interview JK Rowling before her book exploded onto the scene. During the course of the interview, Rowling gave Reynolds a copy of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone as thanks—which Reynolds promptly threw away seconds after getting back to his office.

Here’s the frustrating part—Reynolds didn’t even bother to wait to see if Rowling’s book ended up succeeding. Instead of doing literally the easiest thing possible at this point, which would be nothing, Reynold chose to throw the book away rather than wait to see if the up-and-coming author he just interviewed released a good book. Either way, he didn’t need to wait long, because less than a year after the interview, Reynolds was standing in line to have his son’s non-first edition copy of Harry Potter signed by Rowling.

3 The Hospital That Threw Away A Kidney

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Of all the things on our list, this is likely the one with highest value, since we’ve not met a person yet who can put a price on a human life without causing us to slowly back out of the room while calling the police.

The story goes that a Paul Fudacz Jr., in an attempt to save the life of his older sister, donated one of his kidneys for transplant. Her brother represented the single best chance for a perfect match, and the importance and value of his sacrifice is incalculable. However, tragedy struck when a nurse at the hospital threw the kidney away without checking to see if it was, you know, something important. Luckily, the patient managed to get another kidney from another donor—and unsurprisingly, her first act as a healthy woman was to sue the pants off the hospital.

Rather than throwing money and apologies at the Fudacz family until their grandkids were born riding motorcycles, the hospital heroically asked them to drop the suit because, according to them, what they did wasn’t gross negligence. If ripping out a man’s kidney for no reason isn’t gross negligence, we dread to think of what is.

2 Tons Of “Art” That’s Been Tossed

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There are dozens of stories about janitors and even well-meaning museum patrons accidentally throwing away or otherwise damaging pieces of valuable art because they simply didn’t know it was art. For example, a piece of Gustav Metzger’s “art” was thrown away while on display in the Tate Modern when someone mistook a stray plastic bag as exactly that and not a piece of of Gustav’s piece. To be fair to that person, the bag was sitting on the floor next to another piece of art, so it’s only natural for a person to assume it was a bag of trash.

In the same museum, yet another bag of rubbish—which was also, for some reason, a really valuable piece of art—was thrown away by a cleaner who again mistook it for a piece of trash left behind by an indifferent museum patron. A cleaner in Germany made a similar mistake when they accidentally cleaned a dirty bucket worth hundreds of thousands of dollars that was on display, not knowing the stains on the bucket were carefully applied paint. Meanwhile, in London, an impromptu piece of work by Damien Hirst, which literally consisted of empty beer bottles thrown around a museum, were hustled away by a criminally underpaid museum staffer just trying to do their job.

If we may offer a humble suggestion to any artists reading, this would happen way less often if artists stopped throwing beer bottles in museums, calling it an “untitled piece,” and then walking away. Just a thought.

1 The Artists Who Burned Over $1 Million

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This example is different from the others on this list in that the people destroying the thing of value—in this case, cold hard cash—were well aware of its value. They just didn’t care.

The K Foundation was a duo consisting of two artists, Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty. Though the pair had enjoyed reasonable success as musicians under the name The KLF, their real passion was art. However, rather than painting pretty pictures or throwing things in a museum, the pair decided to do something more extravagant.

Aptly titled “The K Foundation Burn a Million Quid,” the pair gathered virtually every penny they’d ever earned and burned it all in a disused boathouse. We really wish we could give you a reason for why they did, but neither of them have ever given a solid one, despite it being the one question both men were asked in every interview they ever conducted afterwards.

Before fishing your phone out the next time you drop it in the toilet, just remember—some guys once burned over $1 million for absolutely no reason whatsoever.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/11/29/the-10-most-frustrating-ways-expensive-stuff-was-lost-or-destroyed/

10 Bizarre Traditions That Prove Europe Secretly Hates Animals

Here’s a hypothetical scenario for you: You’re walking along a street, just minding your own business, when suddenly you come across an adorable little kitten. What do you do?

If you’re European, chances are you just shouted “smash its head open!” That’s right: While we tend to see the old continent as a bastion of tolerance and sophistication, the truth is that Europeans harbor a secret hatred for animals so deep it borders on the pathological. Don’t believe us? Then how do you explain the following “traditions”?

10Quail Catapulting
Spain

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Quick: What’s the difference between a quail and a cannonball? If you answered anything other “there’s a difference?”—congratulations: You’re more observant than the residents of Valencia, Spain.

Every year, ordinary people living on Spain’s Mediterranean coast gather up armfuls of quail, load them into a cannon, and blast them into the sky. As the icing on this gigantic cake of indignity, they then shoot at them with shotguns, blowing the already bruised-and-battered babies into tiny little pieces. And no, that’s not a typo: We mean “babies.” According to Der Spiegel, the average age of these pint-sized cannonballs is only “a few weeks old.” And this isn’t just some fringe sport played by one or two nutjobs. There are whole clubs dedicated to quail catapulting, and hundreds of people turn up to watch each match. Because nothing says “good time” like fluffy little babies being blown to bits, right?

9Swallowing Live Fish
Belgium

A small town of barely over 30,000 people, Geraardsbergen in Belgium is the sort of place no one would have ever heard of were it not for their annual Krakelingen festival. Essentially a parade just like any other, Krakelingen has one important difference. After all the marching and singing is done with, the townspeople gather together at the bottom of a nearby hill to watch their mayor swallow live fish.

Allegedly dating back to 1393—although more reliable sources claim 1600—the tradition involves first submerging the tiny fish in a goblet of wine, before knocking it back in one go. According to Flemish animal rights experts, this is kind of “like a human being thrown into a container filled with toxic waste” (and then presumably eaten by a giant). If you think that’s bad, it used to be even worse. Prior to a 2001 court ruling, roughly the entire population of Geraardsbergen used to swallow at least one fish during Krakelingen. Now it’s just the mayor and a handful of his buddies with fantastic beards.

8Horse Wrestling
Spain

In most countries, manly men like to show off their testosterone by taming wild horses. In Spain, they wrestle them.

Every year, the citizens of Galicia get liquored up, climb into the nearby mountains, and drunkenly chase hundreds of the region’s wild horses down into the town, where they then fight and shave them. No, we can’t believe we just wrote that, either.

According to locals, this “Rapa das Bestas” tradition stretches back over 400 years and was originally intended as a way of keeping track of the horses, as well as improving their hygiene. Then at some point booze got involved, and the whole thing descended into a sort of annual anarchic mess—one that continues to this very day. Despite protests from a number of animal welfare groups, the Rapa is still going strong. In fact, according to the Spanish government’s official tourism site, all this negative publicity is only ensuring a wider audience.

7The Deadliest Horse Race
Italy

Twice a year, the residents of Siena, Italy gather together for a little event known as the “Palio.” And while that may sound innocuous enough, a more accurate name might be “the deadliest horse race in history.”

A 90-second sprint around a tiny, tiny track jam-packed with cheering tourists, the Palio is infamous for its mortality rate. According to Italy’s animal protection association, the twice-yearly course has killed 49 horses since 1970—which works out to about one horse killed for every two and a half minutes of racing. Although this in itself is mind-boggling, it’s got nothing on some of the behavior surrounding the race. Right up until 2009, it was totally legal for the jockeys to ride their horse as drunk as a skunk, which probably didn’t help with that whole “mortality rate” thing we mentioned earlier.

However, things have improved. In 2011, the Italian government declined to include the race on its list of official cultural heritage events, specifically to acknowledge the furor all these horse deaths were causing—not that this has stopped the race from going ahead or further fatalities from happening.

6Goose Decapitation
Spain

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Along with horses, quail, and bulls, it turns out there’s another animal the Spanish really hate: geese. At least, that’s the case in Lekeitio. For 350 years, residents of this tiny Basque town have celebrated their patron saint’s festival by stringing a goose up over the harbor and having people pull at its neck until its head comes off.

Bizarrely, no one really knows who started this tradition or why. All we know is that, at some point in the past, the residents of the Basque region decided to kill a goose every year in the most horrific way possible. Or at least, that used to be the case. Luckily for animal lovers, changes to the law mean the bird is now killed before it’s decapitated; this may be undignified, but at least it doesn’t sound like the setup to an Eli Roth movie. As a bizarre postscript, the townsfolk now also cover the dead goose in grease before hanging it up—meaning the whole decapitation thing now takes roughly forever.

5Stuffing Ferrets Down Your Pants
England

What’s the most revolting thing you can imagine happening to you? Unless you’ve been spending too long on gore sites, you’d be hard pressed to imagine a fate worse than that awaiting the participants of “ferret legging.” A “sport” that originated in England’s rough and tough Yorkshire, it involves a very hungry live ferret being stuffed down a man’s pants and kept trapped there for up to five and a half hours.

According to the Telegraph, the tradition started as a way for manly coal miners to show how manly they were “by doing something that no sane person would dream of doing.” At some point it evolved into a popular pastime, until the UK’s 2006 Animal Welfare Act put it on dicey legal ground. That hasn’t deterred some from keeping the old ways alive, although judging by articles like this one, it’s hard to tell who suffers most: the ferret, or the lunatic who put him down there.

4Throwing A Goat Off A Building
Spain

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Look, we honestly don’t intend to single out any one country, but the mere existence of Spain kind of makes it hard to do otherwise. Not content with routinely killing more animals than Ernest Hemingway in a steroid rage, the citizens of Iberia’s biggest nation love to traumatize them, too. Hence the existence of the San Vicente de Martir festival: a celebration where, for many years, the villagers of Manganeses de la Polvorosa gathered to throw a goat out of a tower.

Unlike some of the other examples here, goat throwing never had much legitimacy as a tradition. Although locals claim it dates back over 200 years, a report by the BBC suggested it could have started as recently as 1978—although “why” is another issue altogether. On the plus side, it’s no longer around. In 2002, the Spanish courts decided this particular tradition was even more illegal than the country’s other blood sports and banned it outright. Today, die-hard fans have to content themselves with throwing a stuffed toy.

3Hitting Cats With Sticks
Germany

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Ever hear the expression “madder than a sackful of cats”? Well, in certain parts of Germany it’s more than just a figure of speech: It’s part of an ancient tradition.

Known as “tomcat poking,” this particular “sport” used to be popular in swathes of the rural East, although it’d be hard to find anyone playing it now. And with good reason: Tomcat poking involves nothing more than sticking a cat in a sack, then sticking the sack in a box, then hitting the box with sticks until the cat starts screaming.

According to Der Spiegel, the custom originated way back in the Middle Ages as a kind of party game for lunatics, because even animal cruelty can be fun when the alternative is sitting around waiting to die of the plague. Although it was made super illegal a while back, and even ardent traditionalists aren’t exactly lining up to defend it, there are still isolated cases. In 2004, residents of the tiny town of Wiednitz were cautioned for playing the game at a local bachelor party, of all places.

2Donkey Stoning
Spain

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The origins of Pero Palo in Spain are almost as dark as the festival itself. Some years ago, a rapist who had been terrifying the community of Villanueva de la Vera was captured, tied to a donkey, and paraded round the streets, then led outside the village and executed. Today, villagers reenact this unknown rapist’s last ride every year, with one major difference. Nowadays, it’s the donkey who suffers.

In a sort of mass orgy of violence, residents drag a specially selected donkey through the streets, jeering at it, slapping it, hitting it with rocks, and even exploding firecrackers between its legs. When the donkey falls over, they drag it to its feet and start the process all over again, until the poor thing winds up in a lot of pain, very dead, or both. And, unlike the last couple of traditions on our list, the Pero Palo festival is both very legal and still going. In 2014, there were even reports of festivalgoers firing shotguns at the animal.

1Setting A Bull’s Face On Fire
Spain

Caution: The video contains scenes of violence and animal cruelty.

We all know that the Spanish have a strange relationship with bulls; one that frequently involves killing them while dressed in ridiculous outfits. But the residents of the tiny village of Medinaceli take things further than simple bullfighting or even bull lancing. Instead, every year, they lather a bull up with tar and proceed to set fire to its face.

Yes: its actual, honest-to-God face. Known as the “Toro Jubilo,” the event involves setting the bull alight, then releasing it to charge freely around the town square, crashing into walls and terrifying anyone with a phobia of either bulls, fire, or ungodly combinations of the two. According to animal rights groups like PETA (admittedly not the most unbiased source), this can go on for hours and usually leaves the bull disfigured and blinded. On the other hand, supporters of the practice claim it’s all superficial and the bull rarely suffers lasting damage. Whatever the truth, it’s not something we’d personally be willing to try out anytime soon.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2014/06/21/10-bizarre-traditions-that-prove-europe-secretly-hates-animals/

10 More Truly Bizarre Relationships

We have previously published a list of the ten most bizarre relationships which was so popular that we simply couldn’t say no to another. In putting together this list it became apparent that some of the items were less bizarre than they were revolting; nevertheless they all still fall under the bizarre category. Also, be sure to check out the more complete article on the most bizarre relationship between a man with two penises and a woman with two vaginas (NSFW).

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Relationship: Man and mannequin

This is item 10 on the list because I can’t, for the life of me, work out whether it is for real. In June, 2009, Dauveed (whose surname is so complex I can’t work out what it is) had a faux-wedding ceremony in which he married Clara the mannequin. He telephoned a media company and asked them to record the ceremony. They did so and you can watch the youtube clip here. From my research I have found comments by people who claim to have seen Dauveed with his mannequin walking around Hollywood which would imply that the marriage was taken seriously in his mind. Regardless of whether Dauveed really is in love with Clara or not, it is kind of nice to know that society has offbeat people in it to add color to our lives.

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Relationship: Daughters rape father

This entry has appeared elsewhere on the site but it definitely fits the bill for this list. First the appropriate Bible quote:

And the elder said to the younger Our father is old, and there is no man left on the earth, to come in unto us after the manner of the whole earth. Come, let us make him drunk with wine, and let us lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night: and the elder went in and lay with her father: but he perceived not neither when his daughter lay down, nor when she rose up. And the next day the elder said to the younger: Behold I lay last night with my father, let us make him drink wine also to night, and thou shalt lie with him, that we may save seed of our father. They made their father drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went in, and lay with him: and neither then did he perceive when she lay down, nor when she rose up. So the two daughters of Lot were with child by their father. [Genesis 19:31-36]

It doesn’t really get much more blatant than that. The two daughters had sex with their father, Lot, in order to preserve his family line. Incidentally, this all happened shortly after they had fled from Soddom and Gomorrah which was destroyed by God for its immorality – ironic?. After the events described above, Lot had no memory of it (maybe it was the liquor) and nine months later the daughters gave birth to two sons, Moab (father of the Moabites), and Ammon (father of the Ammonites).

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Relationship: Girl and dog

In India’s eastern Jharkhand, villagers ‘married’ off a young girl to a stray dog to ward off an evil spirit. The locals at Munda Dhanda village performed the ceremony as they believe it will overcome any curse that might fall on the family. Interestingly, the girl is free to get married later in life to a man without even seeking a divorce. Superstitions are widespread in India, especially in rural areas where literacy is scarce. The image above is from the wedding ceremony. The groom is on the left and the rather young bride the right. [Source]

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Relationship: Man and alien

Nejdet Boyanay (from Istanbul, Turkey) started to experience his first encounters with a mysterious alien entity in 1975 when he was 10 years old. According to his report, he was lying down in his bed and starting to fall asleep. But suddenly he noticed that he wasn’t able to move. Soon after he was visited by an alien. After that night he had at least two encounters per week with the strange visitor. He was touched by him and he says that the hands of the visitor were extremely soft and the touch was sticky like a jellyfish. Later he drew a picture of the visitor which you can see above. The “relationship” continued until 1996 even after Nejdet got married. In 1996 he decided to give an interview about his experiences but after he spoke with the reporters he had a strange accident in the shower because his alien visitor was angry with him for making the relationship public and he tried to drown him. [Source]

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Relationship: Man and horse

On the previous bizarre relationships list we mentioned the unusual relationship that Caligula had with his sister Drusilla, but he also had a strange thing going on with his horse Incitatus. Caligula loved his horse (though most likely not in a sexual way) so much that he bent over backwards to give it a life fit for the emperor himself. According to Suetonius’s Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Incitatus had a stable of marble, with an ivory manger, purple blankets (the imperial color), and a collar of precious stones. Others have indicated that the horse was attended to by eighteen servants, and was fed oats mixed with gold flake. Suetonius also wrote that Caligula planned to make Incitatus a consul (though modern historians believe this may just have been a move to anger the politicians of the day). Caligula even procured him a wife, a mare named Penelope. The horse would “invite” dignitaries to dine with him in a house outfitted with servants there to entertain such events.

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Relationship: Father and daughter

If you are currently eating your breakfast, might I advise you to put it aside for just a moment. On March 20 2008, John Deaves and his daughter Jenny were sentenced to a three-year good behavior bond after pleading guilty to two counts of performing an act of incest – an act which led to the birth of their daughter, Celeste. The “couple” met 30 years after John had left his daughter’s mother; Jenny was 31 and just two weeks after meeting, father and daughter had sex. Jenny Deaves said soon after reuniting with her father she began to see him as a man first and her father second. “I was looking at him, sort of going, oh, he’s not too bad,” she said. Mr Deaves admits that he “initially” thought having sex with his daughter was wrong. [Source]

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Relationship: Pope and kidnapped son

On the evening of 23 June 1858, in Bologna, then part of the Papal States, police arrived at the home of a Jewish couple, Salomone (”Momolo”) and Marianna Padovani Mortara, to seize one of their eight children, six-year-old Edgardo, and transport him to Rome to be raised as a ward of the state. The police had orders from Holy Office authorities in Rome, authorized by Pope Pius IX. Church officials had been told that a 14-year-old Catholic servant girl of the Mortaras, Anna Morisi, had baptized Edgardo while he was ill because she feared that he would otherwise die and go to Hell. Acorrding to Catholic Church doctrine, Edgardo’s baptism, even if illicit under canon law, was valid and made him a Christian. At the time, non-Christians could not raise a Christian child, even their own. Edgardo was taken to a house for Catholic converts in Rome, maintained at state expense. His parents were not allowed to see him for several weeks, and then not alone. Pius IX took a personal interest in the case, raising the child as his son (albeit a kidnapped one), and all appeals to the Church were rebuffed. Church authorities told the Mortaras that they could have Edgardo back if they abandoned their faith and converted to Catholicism, but they refused.

Despite international protests (including those from the United States government), Pope Pius IX did not relinquish Edgardo who eventually went on to become a priest. He was also a vehement supporter of the Vatican taking the first steps towards making Pius IX a saint. You can read his testimony here and you can see the incorrupt corpse of Blessed Pius IX here (his face has a protective mask of silver on which is removed for veneration). Pictured above is Mortara as a priest on the right, and his mother seated.

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Relationship: Man and horsies (but so much worse than number 6)

Kenneth Pinyan (June 22, 1960 – July 2, 2005) was a Boeing engineer residing in Washington who engaged in receptive anal sex with full-size stallions at a farm near the city of Enumclaw. He videotaped those sex acts and distributed them informally under the name Mr Hands. During a July 2005 sex act, videotaped by a friend, he suffered a perforated colon and later died of his injuries. Other factors surrounding the death were apparently that the deceased, concerned about appearing in a hospital with an unusual internal injury and the effect on his security clearance as an engineer for aerospace company Boeing, had apparently refused his friends’ urging to go to the hospital for several hours after being aware he was internally injured, and was either beyond treatment or dead when he finally reached the ER. The story was reported in the The Seattle Times and was one of that paper’s most read stories of 2005. [Source]

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Relationship: Woman and wall

Eija-Riitta Berliner-Mauer, 54, whose surname means Berlin Wall in German, maarried the concrete structure in 1979 after being diagnosed with a condition called Objectum-Sexuality. Mrs Berliner-Mauer, whose fetish is said to have its roots in childhood, claimed she fell in love with the structure when she first saw it on television when she was seven. She began collecting pictures of the wall and saving up for visits. On her sixth trip in 1979 they tied the knot before a handful of guests. While she remains a virgin with humans, she insists she has a full, loving relationship with the wall. While the rest of mankind rejoiced when the Wall, erected by the Soviets in 1961 to halt an exodus from East to West Berlin, was largely torn down in 1989, its “wife” was horrified. Having gotten over the “death” of her husband the wall, Eija-Riitta has finally found love again and is dating her garden fence. [Source]

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Relationship: Man and corpse

Carl Tanzler or sometimes Count Carl von Cosel (February 8, 1877 – July 23, 1952) was a German-born radiologist at the United States Marine Hospital in Key West, Florida who developed a morbid obsession for a young Cuban-American tuberculosis patient, Elena Milagro “Helen” de Hoyos (July 31, 1909 – October 25, 1931), that carried on well after Hoyos succumbed to the disease. In April, 1933, Tanzler removed Hoyos’ body from the mausoleum, carted it through the cemetery after dark on a toy wagon, and transported it to his home. Tanzler attached the corpse’s bones together with wire and coat hangers, and fitted the face with glass eyes. As the skin of the corpse decomposed, Tanzler replaced it with silk cloth soaked in wax and plaster of paris. As the hair fell out of the decomposing scalp, Tanzler fashioned a wig from Hoyos’ hair that had been collected by her mother and given to Tanzler not long after her burial in 1931. Tanzler filled the corpse’s abdominal and chest cavity with rags to keep the original form, dressed Hoyos’ remains in stockings, jewelry, and gloves, and kept the body in his bed. Tanzler also used copious amounts of perfume, disinfectants, and preserving agents, to mask the odor and forestall the effects of the corpse’s decomposition.

In October, 1940, Elena’s sister Florinda heard rumors of Tanzler sleeping with the disinterred body of her sister, and confronted Tanzler at his home, where Hoyos’ body was eventually discovered. Florinda notified the authorities, and Tanzler was arrested and detained. After a preliminary hearing on October 9, 1940 at the Monroe County Courthouse in Key West, Tanzler was held to answer on the charge, but the case was eventually dropped and he was released, as the statute of limitations for the crime had expired. [Source]

This article is licensed under the GFDL because it contains quotations from Wikipedia.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2009/08/26/10-more-truly-bizarre-relationships/

Top 10 Bizarre Home Menageries

A home menagerie – every child’s dream! But some children never seem to grow up as is evidenced by the large number of private zoos discovered around the world by law enforcement officials. While it can be legal to have your own private zoo, oftentimes it is not. This list looks at ten unusual cases of people owning and maintaining a menagerie for their own pleasure.

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In September 2009, police raided a small home in the New York suburb of Queens, expecting to find the owners in possession of illegal substances. What they found, was quite a bizarre surprise. The garage was littered with cages, housing a monitor lizard, a baby python and two iguanas. Also found at the home were: a baby caiman, four geckos, two marmosets, three tarantulas, seven adult pitbulls, 1 pitbull pup and a bulldog. The Center for Animal Care & Control was dispatched, and while the home itself was in a state of disrepair, reports were that the animals were fairly well taken care of.

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Former cab driver, turned New York Real Estate billionaire Tamir Sapir, 61, had his luxury yatch boarded by the US Customs and Border Protection division in late 2007. Officers seized approxmiately $85,000 worth of specimens including: bar stools upholstered with python and anaconda skin, seven carved elephant tusks, hides of jaguars, tigers and zebras, a cigarette holder made from python skin, a cigar box wrapped in elephant hide, a zebra skin lined children’s bed and a fully stuffed and mounted lion. Sapir was charged with 29 counts of attempting to import items in violation of the Endangered Species Act and slapped with a $150,000 fine. A statement from his attorney explained that Sapir was not trying to smuggle the goods into America, they were simply part of the decor of his “home away from home”.

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On a passengar bus travelling from Poland to Ukraine, Border Officials were conducting a routine inspections for prohibited items. All seemed fine until they reached the cargo hold where, packed into various sized luggage, they discovered: two miniature kangaroos, five miniature ponies (each approx 50- 60cm in height) and eleven pheasants. One of the ponies was appeared pregnant. The bus driver denied knowledge of any illegal activity and claimed the luggage was delivered to him with instructions to transport them to an unknown person in Lviv, Ukraine.

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Local residents phoned police and the Rock County Humane Society when they became disturbed by the presence of a dog tied to the second story balcony of the Memorial Avenue home. Upon entering the home, the discovered: six chickens, thirteen rabbits, two ball pythons, one cat, a snapping turtle, several cages full of mice and rats and (according to the source) “one native snake of unknown origin”. Officials released the turtle and snake into the wild, while the remaining animals went to the care of the Humane Society. It is believed that the owners were planning to sell the animals, except for the rats and mice, which were used as food for the pythons.

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Police received several reports of a foul stench coming from a suburban Wisconsin home, belonging to a woman named Jamie Verburgt. State Conservation Warden, William Mitchell was asked to inspect the property, where he found nearly 200 animals including: alligators, scorpions, 70 ducks, snakes, rats, turtles, toads and carnivorous beetles. In an adjacent garage, Mitchell discovered the decaying corpses of ‘roadkill’ which the owner had used to feed the animals. On top of this, carcasses of raccoons, rabbits, opossums and squirrels were found in the owner’s freezer. In a very closely related case, four years earlier Verburgt’s boyfriend, John Walters was prosecuted for mistreatment of exotic animals. At the time his home was raided by police who seized: a female cougar, female leopard, silver-tailed fox, monitor lizard, two caracals, a coatimundi, chinchilla and reticulated python.

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Approximately 185 animals were found living in deplorable condition at a home in Apache Junction, Arizona. Neighbours suspected mistreatment of animals and made several pleading phone calls to police before any action was taken. Included in the 185 were: 47 dogs, 96 rabbits, 18 chickens,13 goats, six horses, two cats, one pot-bellied pig, African parrot and cockatiel. In a muddy area on the other side of the property, police found a horse, undernourished and poorly cared for – it was euthanised shortly after.

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A man was pulled over for a routine check, and police were astonished when he opened his hatchback to reveal over 1000 animals cramped into the small space. The animals were: 1000 terrapins, 216 budgies, 300 white mice,150 hamsters, 30 Japanese squirrels and six chameleons. Driver, Francesco Lombardo admitted smuggling the animals across Europe with the intention of selling them.

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How could we talk menagerie’s without mention of Michael Jackson’s collection of strange and wonderful animals? Since Jackson’s death in September, all the animals have been sent to new homes. Amongst the more memorable were: Bubbles, the chimpanzee (Center for Great Apes, Wauchulu), Bengal tigers Thriller and Sabu (Shambala, California), Rikki the African parrot (with Freddie Hancock at the Voices of the Wild Foundation), pythons, giraffes, anacondas and two black caimans. The rest of the animals are currently at a wildlife reserve in Oklahoma, but will soon be moved to a location in Arizona.

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Maybe one for a Marine Mysteries list, but in 2007 a deserted cargo ship was discovered off the coast of Qingzhou Island, China, after having lost engine power. On board were up to 5000 of some of the world’s rarest species of animals. Packed into cramped wooden crates were: 31 pangolins, 2720 monitor lizards, 44 leatherback turtles, 1130 Brazilian turtles, 21 bear paws wrapped in newspaper and a photo depicts what is suspected to be an Asian Giant turtle. The animals were transported to the nearby Guangdong Wild Animal Protection Centre.

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This famous 7.7 sq. mi estate owned by drug lord, Pablo Escobar, is one of the largest privately owned menageries ever found. At the height of his success in the 1980s, Escobar imported rare and expensive animals from all over the world. The zoo included: giraffes, ostriches, elephants, ponies, rare antelopes, hippopotamuses, zebras, buffalos, camels, lions, an ocelot and several species of exotic birds. After his death in 1993, many of the animals became property of the Columbian government, except for two hippopotamuses which escaped and were later shot dead by authorities. Today, Hacienda Napoles is an official zoo and considered a major tourist attraction.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2009/10/08/top-10-bizarre-home-menageries/

10 Obscure And Completely Delusional Nazi Schemes

The Nazis were undoubtedly one of the most fanatical groups of people to have ever lived. So fanatical, in fact, that they murdered millions of people who couldn’t conform to their ideals. That fanaticism also spurred them to hatch plans so outrageous that we can only describe them as downright insane. This list reflects the grandiose and delusional way of thinking with which the Nazis used to pursue total domination, whether it be against their enemies or on their own people.

10 They Tried To Breed A Race Of Super-Cattle

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During the 1920s and 1930s, the Nazis attempted to resurrect a long-extinct race of cattle called aurochs. Described in ancient times by Julius Caesar as just slightly smaller than an elephant and with a nasty temperament, aurochs roamed the European continent and were prized by hunters and warriors who killed them as a test of courage. Due to their near-legendary status, the aurochs fitted perfectly with the Nazi belief of a glorious Aryan civilization. Two zoologist brothers, Lutz and Heinz Heck, won active support from the Nazis to try to bring back the aurochs.

They employed several selective-breeding programs of different cattle until they could achieve a genetically perfect auroch. They ended up with a smaller and less muscular version of the auroch, which later came to be known as “Heck cattle.” Most of these cattle died during the Second World War—those that did survive were transported and kept in a Belgian preserve. Most recently, more than a dozen Heck cattle were taken from the preserve in 2009 and shipped to a farm in Devon, UK . . . not exactly the Nazi invasion of Britain Hitler wanted.

9 They Planned To Brainwash Germans With Nationwide Cable TV

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In a move that eerily resembles George Orwell’s famous dystopian novel 1984, the Nazis attempted their own brand of national mind control using television. More than anything, Adolf Hitler and Nazi propagandists saw how effective televised broadcasts were in controlling the masses. To that end they enlisted the help of Walter Bruch—an engineer who had earlier developed CCTVs to help the military safely monitor experimental rocket launches.

Bruch proposed setting up a broadband cable from Berlin to Nuremberg. Television screens would be installed across the country in various public spots and included a variety of Nazi propaganda that focused mainly on pro-Aryan programs. Ideas for the broadcasts included a reality show called Family Chronicles: An Evening With Hans and Gelli, which showed the ideal lifestyle of an Aryan family. Another, bloodier idea involved showing the films of traitors executed by the Nazis. Fortunately, Germany’s subsequent defeat prevented the Nazis from ever realizing their plan.

8 They Tried To Steal Christmas

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The Nazis took great pains to make everything conform to their misguided ideology, and Christmas was no exception. At first they tried to ban the celebration of Christmas, but failed to do so—it was simply too popular for the German people. Having failed to abolish it, the Nazis instead tried to corrupt Christmas in its entirety. They tried to convince the public that Christmas was a winter solstice festival.

Familiar figures such as Santa Claus became Odin, while Jesus, Mary, and Joseph were transformed into Aryan-like figures. Even the Christmas tree was not spared, as Nazi swastikas and runes replaced the traditional decorations. Christian hymns were omitted in favor of songs that feted the Aryan race. This delusional attempt to subvert Christmas reached its peak when the Nazis attempted to glorify Hitler as the Messiah. As the war turned against them, the Nazis turned Christmas into a public observance for their dead, which the German public again largely ignored (they were too busy trying to not get killed by then).

7 They Wanted To Send The Jews To Madagascar

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After their quick victory over France in 1940, the Nazis wanted to turn the French colony of Madagascar into a sort of Jewish settlement. They wanted to ship all the European Jews whom they felt stole the “lebensraum,” or the living space, of the German people. While exile sounded like a better option than wholesale slaughter, the Nazis would have total control over the island and completely cut off the Jews from the rest of the world. They also expected that the tropical diseases and internal squabbles would eventually lead to the Jews killing themselves—problem solved.

However, the plan required the Germans to decisively defeat and acquire the British Royal Navy’s ships to transport the Jews. When that didn’t materialize, they considered exiling the Jews to either Siberia or the Arctic, especially after they started invading the Soviet Union. As the war dragged on longer than expected, the Nazi leadership couldn’t wait any longer to get rid of the Jews and so instead opted to just exterminate them all.

6 They Had A Program For The Ideal Aryan Woman

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During their rule, the Nazis left no stone unturned when it came to ensuring that their lifestyle and heredity remained “racially pure.” In cooperation with the SS, Gertrud Scholtz-Klink—the top-ranked woman in the Third Reich—organized bride schools that taught German women how to be the perfect Aryan wife and mother to her family. The schools were racially exclusive—non-German women were barred from attending. The program ran for a month and two weeks, and typically included domestic classes such as cooking and cleaning the house.

At the end, those who passed were given a certificate signifying that they were fit to become wives and mothers. Heinrich Himmler—head of the SS and ardent supporter of the program—stated that it was a national obligation for a German woman to produce racially perfect offspring. This idea became less prevalent in the later stages of the war when more German women were enlisted for industrial work to help supplement the growing shortage of able-bodied men.

5 Their Angora Project Treated Rabbits Better Than Humans

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However horrible the Nazis treated their fellow human beings was exactly inversely proportional to the way they treated animals. This baffling paradox was especially evident in several concentration camps where the Nazis forced the prisoners to take care of giant Angora rabbits. Known as the Angora Project, the SS, under the direction of Heinrich Himmler, employed thousands of prisoners to grow these rabbits for their fur, which they used to line military clothing. A number of officers also kept them as pets.

What made this especially cruel was the fact that the Nazis treated the rabbits infinitely better than the prisoners. While millions of prisoners starved or died inside the camps, the rabbits enjoyed their own spacious pens, complete with nutritious meals every day. One camp commandant stated in his confession “the best-fed creatures of Mauthausen [concentration camp] were the Angora rabbits that the SS used for pets.”

4 They Fed Their Soldiers Candy-Coated Drugs

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One of the lesser-known reasons why Germany’s “blitzkrieg,” or lightning war, was so successful early on in the war was due in large part to the Nazis turning their own soldiers into drug addicts. After having studied the effects of Pervitin (German meth) on university students, the Nazi leadership decided to distribute the drug to all branches of the armed forces. The drug enabled the soldier to perform for longer periods without rest and take more risks; later on the drug became coated with either candy or chocolate to make them more edible. However, as one might guess, soldiers who became addicted to Pervitin became heavy drinkers and took opiates to counter the effects of meth.

By 1944, the Nazis experimented with an even more powerful drug to help them counter the Allied invasion. They mixed Pervitin, cocaine, and morphine to create D-IX which they first tested out on prisoners. They were convinced of the drug’s effectiveness after the prisoners displayed superhuman amounts of strength and endurance and would have started mass production were it not for the Allies’ rapid advance into Germany. On the other side of the world, the Japanese also gave out its own version of meth called Hiropon to their soldiers. The drug contributed heavily to the Japanese attitude of never surrendering, and especially in the willingness of kamikaze pilots to follow through with their suicide missions.

3 They Actually Employed Occultists

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While it is general knowledge that some high-ranking Nazis engaged in the occult, more obscure is the fact that they actually believed enough in the power of occultists to have employed them for military purposes, with three of the most well-known examples being Wilhelm Wulff, Ludwig Straniiak, and Wilhelm Gutberlet. Wulff—an astrologer—was tasked by the Nazis to find Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (who was captured and kept in captivity), which he did correctly using his “psychic gifts.” Straniak—an architect by profession—used his “dowsing” abilities to precisely guess the location of the German battleship, the Prince Eugen, which was on a secret mission near Norwegian waters.

Perhaps the most dangerous of the three was Gutberlet, a physician. As one of Hitler’s earliest and closest followers, he allegedly possessed the power to sense the presence of Jews even if they were in a large crowd. Hitler sought him out for his power and even turned him into something of a race consultant.

2 They Almost Completed the World’s Largest Hotel Resort

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Not all Nazi propaganda focused on fear and deception—they figured that they could control the masses better if they provided them with a wide range of benefits. Under its “Strength Through Joy” program, the Nazi government attempted to build one of the largest hotel resorts in the world. Situated on an island off the coast of Germany’s Baltic Sea, Hotel Prora had a length of 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) and was designed to accommodate 20,000 people. The hotel came complete with luxurious amenities such as restaurants, cinemas, and even a railway station. The Nazis especially hoped that the hotel would ease the tensions between the German working class and their employers and enable them to work better together.

Unfortunately, the hotel was never finished, as workers involved in the construction were transferred to weapons-manufacturing plants after Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Later on the Soviets discovered the hotel and tried to destroy it, but with little success. In 2011, the hotel was re-opened as a youth hostel and has since attracted the attention of tourists and history buffs due to its ignominious connection to the Nazis.

1 They Had Plans For A Fourth Reich

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After Germany’s defeat in the battle for Stalingrad in 1943, it became clear to some top-ranked Nazi economists and industrialists that the war would be lost. It was about that time that they began to make contingency plans for a post-war Fourth Reich. In a document titled the Red House Report, key industrialists met in Strasbourg and agreed that this new regime would focus on financial rather than military operations, and would fund the underground Nazi Party until such time that they could again resurface and take over the country.

The industrialists—with the aid of the Nazi government—managed to smuggle huge amounts of Germany’s assets into friendly or neutral countries like many in South America. After the war, most of the Nazi leadership was sentenced to death or duly punished while the industrialists got away with a mere slap in the wrist. Nowadays, conspiracy theorists have argued that the Fourth Reich is alive and well in the form of the Germany-led European Union. Who knows, maybe they’re right.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/12/31/10-obscure-and-completely-delusional-nazi-schemes/

10 Freak Accidents People Somehow Survived

Ever had one of those days when you just can’t seem to catch a break? Of course; we all have. You hit every red light, hurt yourself in comically unlikely ways, and at the end of the day, you’re grateful to crawl into bed without having broken anything. The flip side are those days when nothing can go wrong, and we’ve all had those, too; maybe you ace a test you didn’t study for, luck your way into a promotion at work, or get away with running the only red light you’ve seen all day.

These are stories of people who had the mother of the first type of day, and the grandmother of the second . . . on the same day. People who found themselves struck by the worst luck imaginable—only to turn it completely around, immediately, with the biggest breaks of their lives. Lives that may have been a lot shorter had they not.

10Heart Like A Wheel

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In 2014, an unnamed Italian man in his late forties displayed some unusual symptoms in the hospital after a motorcycle accident. Specifically, doctors were having trouble getting a good heartbeat. The patient’s heart didn’t appear to be in the right place.

The condition is called dextrocardia, an abnormal location of the heart, and is usually the result of a birth defect. Of course, in this case, the patient’s heart had been on the correct side prior to the accident; the heart’s segue to the right inside his chest cavity—along with the pulmonary artery, aorta, and other blood-pumping essentials—resulted not from the impact but from air leaking out of the man’s ruptured lungs. Once the air was drained, the muscle and its associated plumbing shifted obediently back into place. The patient’s blood pressure—which had dropped dangerously low—returned to normal.

Incredibly, the patient never lost consciousness after the accident. He may be the only man who can tell us what it feels like when your ticker decides to just up and relocate. The patient made a full recovery, and we hope his heart enjoyed its brief time on the other side of the sternum.

9The Convertible Van

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Motorist James Crawford’s 2012 incident falls squarely into the “funny only because nobody was seriously hurt” category. En route to work on the New Jersey Turnpike early one morning, James encountered an interloper on the highway—a gigantic, floating steel beam, being lifted by a nearby construction crane, which the crane operator had somehow allowed to drift into traffic. Before James even knew what was happening, there was a little extra ventilation in the car—that is, the beam ripped the entire top of the van off like a peel-back lid. In James’s words, “Everything was sawed off, but I was still there.”

Although he did suffer a few cuts to his face and a broken thumb, James was none the worse for wear. Stunned tow truck drivers, who arrived on the scene to find James sitting nonchalantly on the guardrail, can attest to that. Said one, “I can’t believe he walked away . . . the entire passenger side and the roof were peeled off the van completely. It looks like a convertible.”

The episode appears to have simply been a freak accident, in which stiff winds may have played a part. After investigations by state police and the construction company, no charges appear to have been filed in connection with the incident. James was out of the hospital by lunchtime the same day—and back at work the following week.

8The Man With Half A Head

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You’ve read the title of the entry. You see the picture. So let’s just get this out of the way—no, it’s not a Photoshop. A police report about the incident involving this man quite literally describes him with the exact words, “half a head.”

His name is Carlos Rodriguez, but for some strange reason, his friends and acquaintances call him “Halfy.” Halfy blames his . . . unique appearance on a car accident caused by drinking and drugs, in which he hit a pole, was ejected through his windshield, and you can probably guess the rest. It’s obvious that the other half of Halfy’s head ended up all over the road; what’s not so obvious is how the hell he’s still here to tell us about it.

Carlos says he had the accident at 14, but he and his unusual head only recently went viral. His mugshot was distributed online after an arrest for soliciting prostitution. In a video interview, Carlos had this advice for any reckless youth who may be watching: “And this is how the old boy has come out. That is why it is not good, drinking and driving or drugness (sic) and driving. It is no good kids.”

7The Killer Pigeon

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One sunny day in 2010, Matthew Brealy was out riding his motorcycle with a friend near his Chesterfield home. Suddenly, while traveling at about 80 kilometers (50 mi) per hour, Matthew found his view obstructed by a low-flying pigeon that had smashed right through his visor. Unfortunately, his day was about to get even worse.

The impact of the instantly dead bird knocked Matthew immediately unconscious, even shattering a lens of his glasses. He slumped forward on his motorcycle, inadvertently hitting the throttle. With Matthew blissfully unaware, snoozing in his seat, the bike ramped its speed up to about 225 kilometers (140 mi) per hour before caroming off of an oak tree (at an angle, thankfully) and ejecting Matthew onto the road.

Matthew sustained multiple rather serious injuries, including a broken leg—which required insertion of a titanium pin to correct—and not one but two skull fractures. Nevertheless, he made a full recovery with the help of his wife, who was pregnant at the time of the accident. A year and a half afterward, Matthew described himself as “99 percent back to normal.”

6The Toilet Bomb

Michel Pierre of New York City received a big surprise one day while checking the water pressure in his apartment. The water in the building had been turned off for maintenance, and Michel was curious about how his toilet would flush after it had been turned back on—but something went slightly wrong. In the astute words of Mr. Pierre’s lawyer, “Obviously there is a serious problem in the building. Clearly toilets are supposed to flush, not explode.”

Now, this was not your run-of-the-mill cherry bomb–induced toilet explosion; it was more like a toilet bomb, literally blasting the toilet into tiny shards of porcelain shrapnel, which Michel was pelted with. His wounds required 30 stitches to close, and the poor guy now stands behind a door and uses a rope to flush. He’s unable to even look at his john; “I can’t stop thinking about it every time I look at the bowl,” he says.

Okay, laugh it up, but let’s see how you feel when your trusted toilet decides it would rather be a landmine right after you’ve done your business. Amazingly, Michel’s was one of a total of four toilets that went “Kaboom” shortly after the water was turned back on in the building. He just appears to be the only one who was present for the event. Lucky guy.

5The Double Strike

In 2013, while attending a rodeo in Saint Jo, Texas, Casey Wagner had a bit of bad luck. Storm clouds were gathering over the proceedings, so Casey and a friend decided to take shelter under a tree, which you may recognize as being the exact thing one is not supposed to do in the event of a lightning storm. You can probably guess what happened next, but you would be only half right.

Casey says sparks began to fly off the trunk of the tree, and he knew he was about to be struck. “I saw a big old flash and then I knew I was going down,” he later told the press. And so he did—but he barely had time to register the shock (no pun intended) of the first strike before a second bolt struck his right foot, traveled all the way up his body, and came shooting out of his left arm.

Obviously, the odds of being struck by lightning twice consecutively are pretty astronomical; the odds of surviving such an occurrence, we could not even begin to calculate. Casey had no major injuries, just some soreness and a whole lot of numbness; either he’s the luckiest man in Texas, or—owing to his profession as a rodeo clown—perhaps he’s just really accustomed to physical abuse.

4Head Like A Hole

Now, a radioactive proton beam is one thing, but when a fishing spear charts a similar path through one’s skull, your luck quotient had better be ratcheted up significantly. Such was apparently the case with 16-year-old Yasser Lopez, a Miami youth who had a freak encounter with a gas-powered speargun while on a fishing trip with some friends. One moment, they were enjoying the sunny day; the next, Yasser was looking at 1 meter (3 ft) of fishing spear sticking out of his forehead. Yes, he remained conscious throughout the whole thing.

Yasser told the New York Daily News, simply, “I remember holding a fish my friend had caught, and then falling into the water. Then just seeing the spear in my head.” He was still awake even upon reaching the emergency room, to the amazement of the doctors; while the tip of the spear hadn’t exited, they could actually feel it pressing against the back of his skull, and they knew it had indeed gone all the way through.

Yasser initially had no memory of the incident but has regained some as he progressed in his physical therapy—a steel rod through the head tends to give one a little trouble with motor skills in the aftermath. Doctors do, however, expect him to recover completely, although Yasser isn’t so psyched about spearfishing without adult supervision anymore.

3The Man With Half A Body

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Be warned: If the previous entry made you a little uncomfortable, it doesn’t get any better from here. Fortunately, the “really messed up” and “guys with awesome names” portions of the list coincide with each other, so there’s that.

In 2006, a Texan by the name of Truman Duncan (see?) was riding along on the front of a train car, when he . . . just slipped. He fell onto the track, started backpedaling as fast as he could—but could not outrun the wheels of the oncoming train, which grabbed him by the feet and started devouring his legs. The car came to a stop 23 meters (75 ft) later, with Truman’s entire lower half still mashed up in the wheels. One leg was still attached to his upper body by one lone muscle—but that was all.

Almost more amazing than the fact that he didn’t die instantly—he waited 45 minutes before paramedics arrived. Forty-five. Think about that the next time you’re growing impatient waiting for a bathroom stall to open up; we practically guarantee that your discomfort will lessen. Luckily, Truman is alive and well—with the help of extreme fortitude, the love of his family, and 23 surgeries in four months.

2Taking The Plunge

On her way to visit relatives in 2013, Annapolis college student Morgan Lake saw something in her rearview mirror while parked in traffic that would scare the life out of most of us. It was an 18-wheeler big rig, and it was not slowing down. Canadian Gabor Lovasz, on a solo haul through the US for the very first time, was in the middle of committing at least four major traffic infractions—or at least one too many to notice Morgan’s Chrysler Sebring and another vehicle dead in front of him. The ensuing impact would have been bad enough on its own, but Morgan was on the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. The big rig first slammed her car off of the concrete embankment before nudging it lovingly up onto it—and then over it.

Morgan’s car, with its windshield and driver’s window now shattered, plummeted about three stories into the bay. Since it was missing some windows, it began to sink fast, and Morgan began to panic even faster. But, as she was later able to tell the press, she simply “got [her]self together” and decided she wasn’t going to drown that day. She unbuckled her seat belt, got out through the decimated driver’s window, and—for what must have been the longest 20 or 30 seconds of her life—swam to the surface.

Morgan made it to some rocks surrounding one of the bridge’s supporting abutments. She stayed there until she was rescued by police a short time later. A trip to the hospital revealed only bruises, no broken bones or even cuts. Lovasz was charged with the aforementioned four major traffic infractions, to which he pled guilty. While a Transportation Authority spokesperson described the Sebring’s bridge dive as “very uncommon,” the last such incident was in 2008—also involving an 18-wheeler and two cars, and in which the driver who went over the bridge was killed.

1He’s A Lumberjack, And He’s (Somehow) Okay

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Finally, we have the incredible story of 74-year-old chainsaw enthusiast Forthman Murff. We’d like to remind you that we’re not making any of this up. While out alone in the woods one day, cutting down trees (an activity we don’t recommend), Forthman was beset by the freakiest of freak accidents. A tree he had just felled pulled down a high-hanging branch with its downdraft; the branch struck Forthman, knocking him into a ditch. While this was happening, the falling tree knocked down another, different tree, which proceeded to fall on Forthman’s leg—breaking it, and pinning him where he was. And his bad luck was just warming up for the main feature.

Forthman was briefly knocked out; when he came to, he had discovered that he had fallen on his chainsaw—which was still running and busy cutting completely through his neck. Ticked off by this development, Forthman says, “It made me mad, and I just threw that saw off . . . [the blood] wasn’t coming in spurts, so I thought I might have a chance.” Forthman staggered to his truck with a death grip on his massive wound, stopping periodically to let blood drain so that he wouldn’t drown in it. With his esophagus, windpipe—well, everything but his arteries and spine—completely severed, Forthman drove his truck a half mile to a neighbor’s house. He was driven to a hospital 27 kilometers (17 mi) away, and finally received treatment about an hour after nearly cutting off his own head.

Forthman had some trouble with infections (caused by sawdust in his wound) and could only breathe and speak with the help of a tracheotomy, but he eventually recovered. Ten years after the accident, Forthman told a reporter that the three big loves of his life were music, Jesus, and chainsaws—since this man was absolutely incapable of holding a grudge.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2014/06/04/10-freak-accidents-people-somehow-survived/

10 Things That Shouldn’t Have Their Own Museum But Do

There are plenty of things we expect to see in museums. Dinosaur bones, fine art, historical documents—these are all fine things to put on display for people to enjoy. Then there are other things, things that you might more commonly find in your refrigerator, in the bottom of your junk drawer, or in the garbage. Sometimes, all it takes is a special sort of person to think outside the box and realize that what this world is missing is a museum related to, for example, all things urine.

10Toasters

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If you thought that toasters were just background kitchen appliances used to toast bread and bagels, then you’re missing out on the interesting history and variety that toasters can offer. The Toaster Museum Foundation is a small, non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of toaster history. Sadly, their physical museum has been closed, but there’s still the possibility of it reopening. This labor of love started with the conception of a unique cafe idea that put toasters on all the tables and let customers make their toast exactly the way they wanted it. The founding members think of their museum as not just a place for people to see different kinds of toasters, but as a study of design and art in the decades that span their collection.

Toastermuseum.com is another online library dedicated to the preservation of the memory of these long-lived toasting devices. Here, visitors can see more than 600 different toasters while exploring the in-depth history of toasting and the fundamentals of toaster construction. There’s also a pretty interesting section on the prices of some toasters. How many thousands of dollars would you spend on a toaster?

9Bunnies

Not rabbits, mind you, but bunnies. Bunnies are cute and all, but one married couple has taken it to an extreme, boasting more than 28,000 bunny-related items all packed into their California house. There’s bunny kitchenware, stuffed bunnies, bunny statues, bunny collectibles . . . pretty much all the bunny you could ever want to see in one place, including a couple live pet bunnies of their own. Their web site instructs visitors to please refrain from bringing any live rabbits or any carrots, but alcohol is a perfectly acceptable gift.

They boast that thousands of people have visited the museum, and they’re always open. It’s always by appointment, of course, because it’s also their home. Or, as they call it, a living museum. But the most epic part of this museum isn’t the thousands and thousands of little bunny eyes that are staring at anyone who walks in, it’s the series of commercials that were made to promote the museum—and they star one Elijah Wood. Yep, Frodo is the spokesman for the Bunny Museum.

8Hair

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There’s not much that’s more disgusting than a big, hairy drain clog, but if you’re that interested in hair, you can visit a museum dedicated to it. You can visit a couple of museums, actually. If you’re headed to Turkey, visit the Chez Galip Pottery studio, where the master potter has been collecting and saving pieces of his female visitors’ hair for decades. He’s collected more than 16,000 samples. It didn’t start out as a museum, though, and there are two stories behind how it all started. According to one, a friend who was leaving the area left a piece of her hair for the master potter to remember her by, and others started adding to the collection when they found out about it. The other story says that it’s something of a publicity stunt for the museum, as every year the studio gives away vacations to those who have donated a lock of hair.

There’s also Leila’s Hair Museum in Independence, Missouri. This museum boasts thousands of pieces of jewelry and artwork made from human hair—including the hair of people like Queen Victoria and Michael Jackson. There are hair wreaths (which is just as weird as it sounds) and paintings where the paint was made from crushed human hair. And if historical hair is more your thing, there’s also the Japanese Coiffure Museum, which boasts miniature replicas of Japanese hairstyles dating back to ancient times.

7Ramen

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In the United States, Ramen is little more than a college student’s dinner-on-a-budget. In Japan, however, they take their Ramen very seriously—so seriously that you can visit not just one, but two Ramen museums. At the Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum, you can learn about the history of Ramen (chicken was the first), create your own flavor by mixing noodles and broth, and even cook some real Ramen noodles, starting with their basic ingredients.

Not to be outdone, the Shin-Yokohama Ramen Museum isn’t only a museum to the tasty noodles, it’s also got a shop, an old-school style cafe, a sweet shop, and slot-car racing. They boast that it’s the only place where you can try every type of Ramen in the world without getting on a plane, and the different restaurants in the museum serve different kinds of Ramen noodles with different toppings; apparently, some types of Ramen can have up to 45 different ingredients. We had no idea it was all so complicated. And surprisingly, Ramen didn’t even spread to Japan until 1859, when Chinese restaurants started popping up all over the country.

6Dog Collars

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At first glance, the idea of a dog collar museum seems a little silly, but it’s really pretty fascinating for those of us who are obsessed with our four-legged friends. Located on the grounds of Leeds Castle, the name of Dog Collar Museum is misleadingly simplistic. Some pieces date back well into the Middle Ages, when collars were mostly a very utilitarian design that protected the necks of dogs that were tasked with hunting prey and protecting livestock from predators. Later examples are as much a fashion statement as any human clothing piece from the era. Collars from the 18th century were as decorative as their owner’s clothes would have been, with many containing silver or velvet and etched with the dog’s name and their owner’s information. Some dog collars were even decorated with their family’s coat of arms.

People have long been extremely devoted to their canine friends, and it’s a fascinating look at just how serious we are about our dogs. And apparently, we’re still pretty serious about them; the museum gets about half a million visitors each year. The museum itself was originally started by a scholar in medieval history and was presented to Leeds Castle after his death.

5Menstruation

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This is an online museum that’s strangely entertaining—especially some of the hate-mail comments that they’re proud to post. If you’re squeamish, you might not want to check out the Museum of Menstruation and Women’s Health, but those who do take a gander will be pleasantly surprised at the wealth of information. It’s not just a look at the science behind the monthly cycle, it’s also an interesting look at the social and cultural ramifications of being a woman. The museum has old engravings showing costumes worn by girls who started their first menstruation, and there are photos of huts that women were exiled to during a handful of days every month.

The museum also provides interesting legends about menstruation: In ancient Greece, it was thought that dogs would go mad if they were around a menstruating woman, while Orthodox Jews had a tradition of ritual bathing and—unofficially—of mothers slapping their daughters during their first period. There are also a ton of vintage ads from all over the world.

4Urology

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The William P. Didusch Center for Urologic History is a must-see for anyone interested in urology, urine, bladder stones, and catheters. Established in 1971 and operated in conjunction with the American Urological Association in Maryland, the museum has everything you could ever want to see in order to learn more about urology. Their ongoing (and ever-growing) collections include medical textbooks and illustrations both modern and historical, along with medical tools like laparoscopes (used to perform minor surgeries) and catheters.

As it turns out, catheters are more interesting than you might think. Early ones were made from materials like wood and precious metals, while people in the 19th century used to carry their catheters with them concealed in various wardrobe accessories. There are special exhibits that rotate on a yearly basis, and the museum also has sections on urology-related specialties like infertility and incontinence treatments. They’re always looking for volunteers and contributions.

3Mustard

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Because there’s too much mustard in the world for just one mustard museum, we’ve been given a couple. The Colman’s Mustard Shop & Museum is in Norfolk, England and pays homage to arguably the most important mustard out there. Colman’s has been around for almost 200 years, and their museum is a tribute to decades of mustard history, with tins and mustard pots whose styles change as much as the art of the decades. You can also learn all about how mustard is made and how the company grew into the mustard empire it is today.

On the opposite side of the Atlantic is another, even more bizarre mustard museum. The National Mustard Museum was established in 1992 by an ex–Assistant Attorney General who left his job to open a mustard museum after browsing the mustard aisle in the grocery store during a late-night shopping trip. He has more than 5,600 different types of mustard on display. He says that he knew he was destined to open a museum with the world’s largest collection of mustard when he appeared before the US Supreme Court to argue a case and won it with a jar of mustard in his pocket. Now, his museum hosts the National Mustard Day celebrations every year.

2Pencils

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The Cumberland Pencil Museum says that they’re the home of the world’s first pencil, but that still didn’t keep them off The Telegraph‘s list of the worst ways to spend a day in Britain. If you want to know how pencils are made, from the discovery of graphite deposits in Borrowdale to the invention of the machine that makes those wooden grooves in pencils, all the way up to the groundbreaking development of colored pencils, this is the place for you. It’s an apparently complicated process that involved a lot of woodworking, scraping of graphite, gluing, sanding, finishing, lettering, and boxing.

It’s a lot to take in, but they put their timeline in perspective amid other events which you might be more familiar with, like the start of World War I and the ascension of Queen Victoria. Enter a competition to design a fairground (drawings in graphite only, please), follow along the arts and crafts activity trail, and certainly don’t forget to check out the World War II Secret Pencil exhibition. They also offer family fun days, group art demonstrations, drawing competitions, and a coffee shop.

1Leftovers

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Most people just throw away the little bits that are left on the plate after dinner. At best, we save them for the next day. But at the Museum of Celebrity Leftovers, leftovers aren’t just garbage—they’re a reminder of the famous lips that once touched the silverware of this seaside cafe. The museum is perhaps more aptly called a display stand, and it holds several rows of mineral specimen jars. Each jar holds some leftovers and is carefully labeled with the name of the celebrity who stopped by for a bite. You can see a bit of leftover fruit cake from Admiral Sir Jonathon Band, a bit of Cornetto wrapping from actor Eddie Marsan’s snack, and a sugar packet that actor Mark McGann used in his coffee. The display with the crown? That’s a piece of leftover bread pudding from the Prince of Wales.

The whole thing started when the owners of The Old Boatstore Cafe, Michael and Francesca Bennett, were visited by photographer David Bailey and wanted to memorialize the event somehow. Sadly, this is one museum that’s no longer around, but not because it wasn’t popular. The owners of the cafe and the museum decided to change the focus of their jobs from the cafe to their art.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2014/04/06/10-things-that-shouldn39t-have-their-own-museum-and-totally-do/

10 Incredible True Stories About Twins

Nobody will deny that twins are cool—except perhaps a fed-up twin. They’re adorable in their little matching outfits; and isn’t it funny watching them desperately search for ways to distinguish their own identity from that of their sibling? There are a lot of stories about twins that will amaze you, and we’ve selected ten of the most interesting for the list below:

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Twenty-two-year-old Edith Casas fell in love, and wanted to marry the man of her dreams. Unfortunately, in the eyes of the rest of her family, the man was a nightmare. Edith wanted to wed a man who was serving thirteen years in prison for the murder of her twin sister Johana, two years earlier. Victor, the alleged killer, had also had a sexual relationship with Johana, who was a model (pretty clear who got dumped in that relationship).

Victor was adamant that his relationship with Johana was “casual”, and that he really loved Edith. But her parents understandably intervened, and the courts postponed the wedding so that Edith could undergo mental evaluation, to clarify whether or not she was fit to make such a decision. She ended up marrying Victor on February 14, 2013, while he was still incarcerated for the murder of her twin.

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In 2009, a talented jewel thief made off with $6.8 million worth of jewelry, stolen from a luxury department store in Germany. Either Hassan O. or Abbas O. (no last names were given, as per German law) was the culprit, according to the DNA scan—but both men were released after the courts could not find out which one of the twins actually committed the crime. Similar results relating to rape have sometimes occurred, and one person even managed to escape a death sentence in Malaysia because of the safeguard offered by his twin.

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Jim Lewis and Jim Springer were separated at birth, when they were put up for adoption in 1940. They met for the first time when they were thirty-nine. It turns out that the name Jim was actually given to each of them independently, by their respective adoptive parents—and that’s only the beginning of the uncanny parallel.

Both men had married twice—first to women named Linda, and then to women named Betty. Both had childhood dogs named Toy. Their sons’ names were James Allen and James Alan. Both worked as sheriff’s deputies, drank the same beer, smoked the same cigarettes, and drove the same chevrolet. This story, unsurprisingly, is often used as evidence for telepathy.

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In 2004, Holly Marie Adams gave birth to a lovely, healthy baby girl. The birth certificate for the child lists Raymon Miller as the father, but he’s not content with this. DNA testing has been unable to prove that he—as opposed to his twin, Richard—is the real father.

This isn’t very much like the case of the jewel theft, which we’ve already covered. In that story, only one twin had done the deed—but in this one, Holly had in fact slept with both Richard and Raymon on the same day, without either of the twins knowing that she was sleeping with them both (there’s a word for someone like that, but I can’t quite think of it right now). Their DNA is more than ninety-nine percent identical, so there’s no way to prove which man is the father and which man is the uncle.

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Ryan—born on July 11, 2005—has light skin and blue eyes, whereas his twin brother Leo has dark skin and brown eyes. The father of the two boys is a caucasian German man, while their mother is a dark-skinned woman from Ghana. This has actually happened multiple times: in 2005, twin girls of different races were born to an interracial couple. And in 2006, a mixed-race woman named Kerry Richardson gave birth to light-skinned twins—one of whom grew darker as she aged, and the other of whom grew lighter.

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Ashlee Spinks and Andrea Springer are twin sisters. When they were twenty-one-years-old, they discovered that they were not only both pregnant at the same time, but had each been given the same due date, and were both expecting a set of twin boys (somehow this was only discovered when the women were already six months pregnant). The twins’ twins did end up being delivered on the same day—but on December 14, not January 1 as had been predicted. The women swear that they did not use fertility drugs, and that twins simply run in their family.

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Diane and Darlene Nettemeier are twin sisters who took the cute matching-twins thing to the extreme. They married identical twins Craig and Mark Sanders, who proposed on the same day with rings of the same style; they wore the same dress at their double wedding; they bought houses next-door to one another; and they ended up giving birth on the same day.

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This is another “separated at birth, found each other in later life” story—but with a much less happy ending. The twins in this story, who can’t be named, were separated at birth and raised by different families. They met each other in later life, and felt an “inevitable attraction” to one another. They started a romantic relationship together, which eventually led to them getting married. Soon after their wedding, it came to light that they were in fact brother and sister, at which point the courts ruled their marriage invalid.

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Hannah Kersey of Northam, England, was born with uterus didelphys, a malformation of the reproductive organs that resulted in her having two wombs. While this is known to affect one in three thousand women, the odds of giving birth to three healthy girls from two separate wombs are twenty-five million to one. But in December 2006, Hannah did exactly that.

Identical twins Ruby and Tilly were delivered from one womb, while their fraternal twin-sister Grace was delivered from the other. While simultaneous gestation of the two wombs in women with uterus didelphys can happen (at least seventy cases have been recorded so far), Kersey’s triplet birth was a medical first.

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In 2002, a pair of seventy-three-year-old twins were killed on a road in Finland. There’s nothing unusual at all about that at a first glance, until you find out that they were killed separately, within two hours of each other. The first of the twins was hit by a lorry and killed while he was cycling along the road. Two hours later, his brother died in exactly same way. To make matters even more odd, police had not yet informed the second twin of his brother’s death (which means that he wasn’t merely trying to follow him to the grave).

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/05/25/10-incredible-true-stories-about-twins/

10 Museums Dedicated Solely to Mythical Creatures

During a trip to your regular, run-of-the-mill museum, you probably don’t expect to bump into vampires. Nor do you prepare yourself for coming face-to-kneecap with Bigfoot—unless, that is you happen to frequent the following museums. All ten of them are dedicated to some of mankind’s most enduring mythical creatures.

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The vertically challenged, gold-hoarding heroes of Irish mythology are known far and wide as a mischief-making symbol of Ireland. Leprechauns pop up in films, books, and St Patrick’s Day Parades all over the world—and so it’s only natural that the Irish would choose to honor this celebrated creature.

The National Leprechaun Museum opened its doors in 2010, and is described as a “story-telling” tourist attraction that plays the leprechaun tale pretty straight while also making good use of a multitude of Irish myths and legends. The basics of leprechaun folklore are explained, with a few optical illusions thrown in now and then. One room features oversized furniture, helping you imagine what it’s like to be little. The museum also entertains us with the stories of several naive people who tried to find leprechaun gold.

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Nessie, as she is affectionately known, has been hanging around the Scottish Highlands for quite some time now. Sightings of the apparently camera-shy monster go back as far as the sixth century A.D., when St Columba supposedly calmed the “water beast” with the awesome power of prayer.

But it wasn’t until the twentieth century that the legend of the monster really took hold. That was when George Spicer and his wife spotted, near Loch Ness, the nearest thing to a “dragon or prehistoric animal” they had ever seen. From that point on, letters of possible monster sightings in the area flooded the local and national press, who predictably needed a name for the monster. After applying their collective powers of thought for what must have been quite some time, they came up with the name, “Loch Ness Monster.”

The first photo of the creature appeared on December 6, 1933, around the same time the Secretary of State of Scotland ordered the police not to attack the creature.  Thus the legend took hold, and a cottage industry was born.

An award-winning museum dedicated to Scotland’s greatest champion of hide-and-seek, the Lock Ness Centre is a one-stop shop for all things Nessie. Opened over thirty years ago, the exhibition gives a great history of the various hoaxes and sightings relating to the local legend. And if you do want to keep an eye on the murky waters of Loch Ness, you could always check out the museum’s Nessie-cam.

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During the mid to late nineteen sixties, a strange creature was rumored to be hanging around Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Many people reported sightings of something that resembled a man with wings, and John Keel’s 1975 book “The Mothman Prophecies” helped to further the legend of this winged beast. The Richard Gere movie of the same name didn’t hurt, either.

In the decades that have passed since the first sightings of the Mothman, he has reached such popularity as to be given his own festival, as well as a twelve-foot-tall statue in Point Pleasant. And across the road from the statue is the Mothman Museum.

The museum features plenty of props from the movie, handwritten accounts of sightings of the monster, as well as documentaries about him. There are also occasional tours, which take eager visitors to many of the areas where the creature has been sighted.

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From Tinker Bell to the Sugar Plum, fairies have been at the forefront of human imagination for centuries. Sometimes playful, sometimes spiteful and generally about as small as Tom Thumb, their depiction has differed from tale to tale and culture to country. What has never dimmed, however, is our fascination with these pretty little pixies.

With such a rich and varied history, it should come as no surprise that someone got the bright idea of putting practically all there is to see and know about fairies under one roof. The Fairy Museum contains artifacts and relics supposedly used by fairies, gnomes, and pixies—and it features plenty of fairy-related goodness in its gift shop, where you can buy magnetic fairy bottle necklaces, dusting wands, and dust bottles with fairy bells. You don’t even have to live locally to explore the wonders of the fairy realm, either; every so often the museum goes on tour.

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If one mythical creature rules the contemporary castle, it is definitely the zombie. Sure—vampires are big business, and people always love a good werewolf story now and then—but it seems that you just can’t turn around without seeing a zombie movie, zombie TV show, zombie computer game, or even a zombie adaptation of a famous book (“Pride and Prejudice and Zombies” is a good example of this). So if there was ever a creepy creature destined to be eulogized in its own museum, it’s the brain-loving zombie.

The Monroeville Mall, in Pennsylvania, is the location of George A. Romero’s seminal zombie film, “Dawn of the Dead”. It is also home to Monroeville Zombies. The museum takes visitors on a whistle-stop history of the zombie in popular culture. There are props, memorabilia, life-sized zombie replicas—and, of course, a zombie gift shop.

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It’s all well and good having museums dedicated to mythical monsters of one type or another—but what if you want a one-stop mythical-monster-shop?

Presumably, that was the idea behind the Mythical Monster Museum in Scarborough Faire in Waxahachie, Texas. The property features dozens of different monster exhibits, including zombies, goblins, vampire, and werewolves. If guests struggle to handle all the creepy shenanigans on show, then expert monster hunters Sir Daniel Raptus and Miles Krane will be close by, ready and willing to slay whatever fictional creature has imagined its way inside visitors’ minds.

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Portland’s International Cryptozoology Museum is dedicated to the cataloguing of the world’s most elusive creatures. Under its roof you’ll find a life-sized Bigfoot, a giant squid, an assortment of photographs and footprints, as well as some interesting pop cultural memorabilia. Founder and occasional TV personality Loren Coleman is generally on hand to answer the questions of any aspiring cryptozoologists.

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Perhaps no miscreant has dominated the history of myths, legends, and monster movies more than the vampire. And this limitless world of TV, films, books, poetry, and art has almost entirely been inspired by the work of one indefatigable Irishman: Bram Stoker, who created the legendary Dracula.

Le Musee des Vampires (the Vampire Museum) in Paris is a small private museum that celebrates all things relating to vampires. The collection is housed in a private residence, and viewings are by appointment only—but that shouldn’t discourage guests. The property is a veritable coffin, full to the brim of vampire paraphernalia. There are numerous paintings, plenty of books—and even a mummified cat.

If guests are feeling a little peckish, they can also book a dinner table at the museum—a package which includes a guided tour, group games (which we can only imagine are strictly vampiric), as well as some grub.

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It isn’t all that surprising that witches should be honored in some fashion. Ever since witches first entered the popular culture, people have dressed up in flowing robes in order to quote spells, worship trees, and generally dabble in the dark arts.

The Cornish Museum of Witchcraft draws on local history in an area not devoid of a charm or two. The South England town of Cornwall reached its magical peak in the nineteenth century, when people would often make journeys of considerable length and difficulty to visit the region’s famous white witches.

Today, the museum houses the largest collection of witchcraft artifacts in the world (at least according to their website). It opened its doors in 1951, and has been in its current location in Boscastle, Cornwall, since 1960.

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Ghosts have been scaring the living daylights out of people for centuries now. And while most of us have a good ghost tale to tell, few of us are brave enough to believe our often unreliable eyes.

The Museum of Ghosts and Fairytales—located in an area famous for its inexplicable goings-on—is dedicated to such mythical creatures as water sprites, witches, dragons, and the Saracen devil. The museum is housed in the basement of what used to be a sixteenth century pub—giving it a rather creepy atmosphere indeed.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/05/04/10-museums-dedicated-solely-to-mythical-creatures/