This Video Shows Just How Mean And Nasty Pit Bulls Are…LOL NOT

Pit bulls are just the worst, aren’t they? They’re dangerous, their jaws lock when they bite, and they are known to attack innocent kids. There’s only one problem. Not one bit of that is true.

Since the 1980s, pit bulls have been demonized by the media. It’s gotten so bad, in fact, that pit bulls are more likely than any other breed to be abused, tortured, or abandoned. Every day, more than 2,800 are euthanized in the U.S. alone, adding up to over a million per year. Who are the real monsters in this situation?

Pit bulls’ jaws don’t lock when they bite. Their friendly temperament is considered to be second only to that of Golden Retrievers. What’s more, they used to be called “nanny dogs” and were often left in charge of babysitting children. The only “evil” pit bulls in the world are ones that humans have brutally abused and used for dog fighting.

Don’t believe me? Just watch this baby boy, Stone, cuddling with his pit bull, Belle. In just two days, this clip by mvp_bullies has been viewed over 27,000 times.

Read More: 20 Animals With ‘Disabilities’ Who Are Still Just As Cute

However, it’s not the only adorable video of this dynamic duo! Over and over again, Stone’s mom, Jade, has captured the sweet nature of pit bulls.

Looking at her photos and videos, it’s easy to see why pit bulls were once considered to be excellent babysitters.

It’s time to change the conversation about these wonderful animals.

And to appreciate them for what they are: big, lovable furballs!

Read More: Rescuers Found Merlin In The Worst Possible Shape, But Look At Him Now!

Do you have a pit bull? Tell us all about your sweet fur baby in the comments! If not, you can click here to learn more about becoming a pit bull advocate. Once you get to know them, they truly are the best!

Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/mean-pit-bull/

You Need To Know The Truth About These Vaccine Myths

It really is a matter of life and death.

Vaccines save millions of lives every year.

Vaccines save millions of lives every year .

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But outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases still happen all over the world.

But outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases still happen all over the world.

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Last July an 8-month-long measles outbreak in Swansea, Wales, finally came to an end. But not before one person had died and 88 been forced to visit hospital after contracting the disease. Some of those who became ill during the epidemic had not received the MMR vaccine as children thanks to Andrew Wakefield’s bogus vaccine scare in 1998.

These diseases still kill children.

There are outbreaks still going on all over the world that could have been prevented with vaccines.

Five children died in one outbreak of whooping cough in the UK in 2012. By the end of the year, 14 babies under 3 months old had died.

This year in California, three babies have already died of whooping cough.

These are not isolated incidents.

There are many reasons why parents choose not to vaccinate. But that decision is often based on misinformation.

Here are some common myths and why they aren’t true.

1. “There’s a link between the MMR vaccine and autism.”

"There's a link between the MMR vaccine and autism."

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Sash Alexander Photography

The Cochrane Collaboration reviewed all the available evidence on the MMR vaccine. They found no link between the vaccine and autism.

Here’s their conclusion: “We could assess no significant association between MMR immunisation and the following conditions: autism, asthma, leukaemia, hay fever, type 1 diabetes, gait disturbance, Crohn’s disease, demyelinating diseases, or bacterial or viral infections.”

The myth was started by Andrew Wakefield in 1998.

The myth was started by Andrew Wakefield in 1998.

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Darryl Cunningham / darryl-cunningham.blogspot.co.uk

Wakefield published a paper in The Lancet (since retracted) claiming that there was a link between autism in 12 children and the MMR vaccine.

He later commented at a press conference that individual vaccines for measles, mumps, and rubella were safer than the combined jab, though this claim was not backed up by the research.

Nine months before Wakefield made these comments, he’d filed a patent for a single measles vaccine.

Subsequent peer-reviewed studies have not shown any link between MMR and autism.

Wakefield was struck off the medical register in 2010.

Wakefield was struck off the medical register in 2010.

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Darryl Cunningham / darryl-cunningham.blogspot.co.uk

He was found guilty of serious professional misconduct. The General Medical Council said Wakefield had “abused his position of trust” and “brought the medical profession into disrepute”.

During the experiments that led to Wakefield’s retracted Lancet paper, children were subjected to colonoscopies, blood tests, and barium meals. None of these experiments were approved by the hospital’s ethics committee.

But him being struck off hasn’t stopped people believing Wakefield’s dangerous claims.

2. “There are dangerous levels of mercury in vaccines.”

"There are dangerous levels of mercury in vaccines."

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Antonio Gravante

There is a mercury-containing compound in some vaccines called thiomersal (“thimerosal” in the US) that has been used as a preservative in drugs since the 1930s.

However, the World Health Organisation (WHO) says: “There is no evidence to suggest that the amount of thiomersal used in vaccines poses a health risk.”

Moreover, thiomersal is no longer used in most vaccines. It’s been removed from all vaccines routinely given to children under 6 in the US (apart from one flu vaccine) and the UK.

3. “Cases of vaccinated children getting ill show vaccines don’t work.”

"Cases of vaccinated children getting ill show vaccines don't work."

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Vaccines don’t have a 100% success rate, which means sometimes you can still get ill even if you have had a vaccine.

This makes it even more important that as many people as possible are vaccinated.

4. “Whether I choose to vaccinate my child makes no difference to anyone else.”

"Whether I choose to vaccinate my child makes no difference to anyone else."

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CDC / cdc.gov

Vaccines protect people around you too, including children too young to be vaccinated themselves. It’s an effect called herd immunity. Without it, diseases can spread much quicker.

And it’s no good just keeping kids who are ill at home. Many diseases are contagious before symptoms start to show.

5. “The amount of aluminium in vaccines is harmful.”

"The amount of aluminium in vaccines is harmful."

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An aluminium-based compound is added to many vaccines to strengthen the immune response created by the vaccine.

Vaccines temporarily increase the amount of aluminium in an infant’s body, but this falls back to normal in a few days.

Aluminium is also found naturally in breast milk. Two studies have shown that the combined aluminium intake from diet and vaccines is not enough to cause infants any harm.

“Although aluminium can be toxic in large quantities, no harmful effects are seen with the level of aluminium used in such small amounts in vaccines,” says the NHS.

6. “We can beat diseases with hygiene and sanitation alone.”

"We can beat diseases with hygiene and sanitation alone."

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Hand-washing, good hygiene, and clean water can help protect people from infectious diseases. But some diseases will spread no matter how clean we are.

According to the WHO: “If people are not vaccinated, diseases that have become uncommon, such as polio and measles, will quickly reappear.”

7. “There are side effects that doctors don’t tell you about.”

"There are side effects that doctors don't tell you about."

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Some side effects that can occur when a child is vaccinated. But most of the side effects are mild (and temporary) compared to the illnesses that they prevent. Any significant reactions are rare and are always investigated.

You’re much more likely to be seriously injured by a vaccine-preventable disease than by a vaccine. For example, polio can cause paralysis and measles can cause encephalitis (an inflammation of the brain) and blindness.

8. “Too many vaccines overwhelm a baby’s immune system.”

"Too many vaccines overwhelm a baby's immune system."

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Kids are exposed to several hundred foreign substances that trigger an immune response every day. According to the WHO: “A child is exposed to far more antigens from a common cold or sore throat than they are from vaccines.”

In fact, taking several vaccines together can help, as it means fewer doctor’s trips and a greater likelihood of finishing the course.

9. “Measles is not dangerous enough to bother with a vaccine.”

"Measles is not dangerous enough to bother with a vaccine."

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CDC / phil.cdc.gov

Yes it is. Measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children. In 2012, there were 122,000 measles deaths worldwide (that’s 14 an hour).

10. “Flu isn’t dangerous.”

"Flu isn't dangerous."

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CDC / cdc.gov

Most people recover from fever and other flu symptoms within a week, but those at higher risk – including children younger than 2 – can be affected more seriously.

Seasonal flu epidemics are estimated to result in about 3 to 5 million cases of severe illness, and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths per year.

11. “Whooping cough isn’t dangerous.”

"Whooping cough isn't dangerous."

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CDC / en.wikipedia.org

Each year, there are an estimated 16 million cases of whooping cough worldwide, and about 195,000 child deaths from the disease.

12. “It’s better for kids to be exposed to infection naturally.”

"It's better for kids to be exposed to infection naturally."

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Vaccines produce an immune response similar to that produced by a natural infection. But, crucially, they do not cause the disease or put the vaccinated person at risk of the disease’s potential complications.

13. “Vaccines do more harm than good.”

"Vaccines do more harm than good."

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Leon Farrant / behance.net

They really, really don’t. If there’s any doubt in your mind about whether vaccines work, take a closer look at this chart.

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/kellyoakes/you-need-to-know-the-truth-about-these-vaccine-myths

16 Crazy Myths That People Believe About Their Own Bodies

The human body is an amazing thing. It can fight off diseases, digest food, and regulate all of your bodily functions automatically.

But there are things that hundreds of people believe about the human body that aren’t true at all. In fact, you might believe in some of these myths as well. Luckily for you, we’re here to debunk them for you today.

1. You can’t lose weight because you have a slow metabolism.

Sure, you may not be naturally thin like those people who can eat french fries and pizza every day without gaining an ounce, but you can still maintain your desired body weight fairly easily. That depends more on your personal goals and actions than any sort of bodily predisposition.

2. Flat feet are prone to injury.

Studies show that people with flat feet are actually less prone to injury. People with normal or high arches are more susceptible to stress fractures and strains.

3. Your metabolism slows down as you get older.

This is true, but it’s not as drastic as you might think. The real culprit here is not your metabolism, but your body’s ability to gain and keep muscle mass. The metabolism does slow down a bit, but not enough to make you gain insane amounts of weight or anything like that. Your body just looks different because you can’t maintain all those massive muscles you had in your twenties.

4. Shaving makes hair grow back thicker and coarser.

This one was technically debunked way back in 1928, but people still believe it. This is actually just an optical illusion. When hair grows back, it looks darker because it’s perpendicular to your skin for a while until it’s long enough to lay flat again. That makes it look coarser and thicker.

5. You continue burning calories after an intense cardio session.

If you are looking to burn calories, I’m sure you’ve heard that the best way to do it is through High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). While it’s true that HIIT will burn more calories after the workout, the amount is so insignificant that you might as well just stick to your regular (and less soul-crushing) cardio routine.

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6. Healthy teeth are white.

The natural color of human teeth is yellow. Pearly whites look nice, but they’re actually not natural. In fact, chemical whitening does more harm than good. Bleaching them actually damages enamel.

7. You can’t gain muscle because you have a fast metabolism.

If you have a hard time building muscle, your metabolism isn’t to blame. The reason skinny people have a harder time putting on muscle is because they aren’t eating enough protein-packed food to do so. Eat more and you will see results. It doesn’t get better than that, right?

8. You can suck out the poison from a snake bite.

Sucking out the poison of a snake bite is actually pretty dangerous. It can cause an infection in the wounded area and make things worse. Instead, you should wash the bite with soap and water, keep the bitten area lower than the heart, and seek medical attention.

9. Eating six small meals a day boosts your metabolism.

This theory states that eating six small meals per day helps keep your metabolism going throughout the whole day. Research shows that there’s technically nothing wrong with eating six smaller meals, but it also concludes that the body doesn’t react to this meal plan much differently than it does to eating three meals a day.

10. Cold air and wet hair will make you sick.

Your mom was wrong, okay? I know that’s hard for you to accept, but hanging out in the cold or going to sleep with wet hair will not give you a cold. The virus associated with the common cold is actually all around you, waiting to strike at any moment.

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11. Eating certain foods will boost your metabolism.

Okay, it’s pretty obvious that none of us understand how the metabolism works. I’m sure you’ve all heard the myth that eating cinnamon, red peppers, and similar foods will boost your metabolism. That’s just not true. It might give it a temporary spike, but it won’t lead to anything permanent.

12. You need eight hours of sleep a night.

Every person needs a different amount of sleep, but researchers concluded that the average person can do just fine on five or six hours of sleep a night. And sleeping for longer than eight hours can actually do more harm than good. Just do what feels best for you!

13. Reading in dim light harms your eyes.

While reading in the dark will cause eye strain, it’s nothing serious. Almost no permanent damage can happen from reading in the dark for long periods of time.

14. Fasting slows your metabolism.

Seriously…we could have just called this piece “No One Understands Their Metabolism.” Studies show that you can go up to three days without food without damaging your metabolism. It would take nearly a week without food for your metabolism to undergo a drastic change.

15. Peeing on a jellyfish sting makes it feel better.

In lab tests, urine actually makes the pain of a jellyfish sting even worse. Basically, no good can come from enduring a sting and having your buddy pee on you.

16. Gaining muscle boosts your metabolism.

Gaining muscle doesn’t boost your metabolism that much, so if you are picking up the weights for that reason alone, I’m sorry. If anything, building a pound of muscle will help you burn about five more calories.

(via Fit Mole / Life Hacker)

Now that we all know better, let’s make our bodies the best they can possibly be. Let’s live long and healthy lives. After all, you only get one body. Be nice to it.

Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/body-myth/

13 Myths You Believed That Are Totally Busted

Brains, animals, and whizzing on an electric fence. We asked the MythBusters for some help with your favorite myths.

Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman have been co-hosts of MythBusters for 13 seasons.

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

They’ve filmed more than 200 episodes and tested 960 myths (with about just as many explosions), so we asked them to suss out fact from fiction — and whether they could remember their earliest episodes.

1. You use only 10% of your brain. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: Yeah, that’s totally a myth.

2. You lose most of your body heat through your head. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: That is actually one of the ones we wanted to test on the show. I think that’s a myth. What part of your body is exposed in the cold? It’s usually your head, so we wanted to test it.

It’s something we haven’t yet tested — cold-weather myths where specifically we expose (gestures around head) exactly this amount of square footage of your body, watch it on a thermal camera and see, because I don’t think it’s true. I don’t think there’s anything special about the blood vessels here that you’d lose more heat through other body parts.

Allegedly it was based on an Army manual from the 1970s where only people’s heads were exposed.

Adam: Yeah, there’s no control in that test. So it’s like you lose most of your body heat through the part of you that’s in the cold.

3. If you swallow chewing gum, it takes seven years for it to work its way through you. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: Pbbt, total myth.

4. The Sahara is the largest desert in the world. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: (turns to Jamie) Do you have any idea about that?

Jamie: Not sure.

Adam: We’re going to leave them like this. I have no idea.

That’s actually a myth. The Antarctic is the largest.

Adam: Ah! Rainfall. Right.

5. If you fell into lava, you’d sink into it. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Jamie: I’d say that’d be a myth.

Adam: Lava is denser than we are. And also you’d be crispy fried.

6. A coin dropped from a skyscraper would kill someone. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: Yeah, we did that. No. The best part about testing that is when you go to the Empire State Building and you go to levels below the observation deck, they’re all littered with change. Hundreds and hundreds of dollars.

Jamie: Murderous people.

Adam: They collect the change and they donate it to charity.

7. Ostriches hide their heads in the sand. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Jamie: I’d say that’s a myth.

Adam: Yeah, I’m going to guess that’s a myth.

Yeah, it looks like they do, but they’re just kind of hunkering down.

Adam: Ostriches are such dicks.

8. You’re more likely to be killed by lightning than a shark. (True.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: That’s absolutely true. You’re more likely to be killed by a steak than a shark.

9. Snakes typically have two penises. (True.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: Well, they’re shaped like a penis and have two penises.

Jamie: Something rings true to me for that, I think.

Adam: All right, you’ve had snakes.

That’s true, yeah. Some do. Fun fact!

Adam: That’s too weird to make up.

10. You can’t teach an old dog new tricks. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: That is totally a myth. We’ve done it on the show.

11. Deoxygenated human blood is blue. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: That is a myth.

12. Urinating on an electric fence can cause electrocution. (True.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: I have done it, and it hurts.

13. Celery has negative calories. (Myth.)

David J. Bertozzi / BuzzFeed

Adam: It’s something we’ve always wanted to test on the show. I think that’s a myth, but it’s devilishly hard to test. It’s 90% cellulose, which we can’t digest anyway.

Jamie: It’s definitely a myth. There’s a particular sugar that is in that — I want to say it’s the same as a milk sugar. There’s a bunch of different sugars, and it contains a type of sugar that’s specific to celery and a few other things.

correction

“Snake” has been corrected to “steak” in No. 8. We misheard Adam, sorry about that! And we hope our reptilian friends can also forgive us. BF_STATIC.timequeue.push(function () { document.getElementById(“update_article_correction_time_4985282”).innerHTML = UI.dateFormat.get_formatted_date(‘2015-02-14 14:22:36 -0500’, ‘update’); });

The season finale airs Saturday, Feb. 14, at 9/8 p.m. CT on the Discovery Channel.

Read more: http://www.buzzfeed.com/kasiagalazka/mythbusters-myths

Why Do Witches Fly on Brooms?

The number one Halloween costume for at least the last five years has been a witch. Aside from the pointy hat, the most recognizable accessory for any witch is her trusty broom. The image of a witch flying around on her broomstick is very iconic of Halloween, but where did this legend originate? As it turns out, the broomstick might have been a way to get high on hallucinogenics.

The origins of the myth come from the late Middle Ages, when suspected witchcraft was met with being burned at the stake. Medieval times, if you’re not familiar, were not a great time to live. A series of famine, disease, and war killed large portions of the population. Anyone suspected of performing magic or having questionable morals was assumed to have been in cahoots with the devil and became a catch-all scapegoat for the cause of those problems. Those who practiced “magic” were often using herbs to treat various conditions, though various side effects made them appear like sorcery. Some concoctions were used recreationally—not medicinally—which is where the legend of the broomstick comes in.

The ingredients of these “witches’ brews” typically included nightshade (Atropa belladonna), devil’s snare, (Datura stramonium), black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), and mandrake (Mandragora officinarum). The blended ointment is able to bring on psychoactive symptoms that induces hallucinations. These herbs are high in alkaloids, which makes them very toxic. Even if ingested in small quantities, nausea and vomiting can occur. Applying the herbs topically minimizes the negative side effects without interrupting the hallucinations. 

Not all areas of the skin are able to able to absorb the brew in the same way. Sweat glands in the armpits are good at absorbing the mixture, but women during that time period wore immense amounts of clothing that were layered and tight-fitting. They covered the neck and made the armpits hard to reach. There was one other location that readily absorbed the brew: the genitals.

Those who wished to use the mixture on the genitals were now tasked with getting it up there. It is believed that the broomstick became the preferred tool. The earliest evidence of this comes from the investigation of Lady Alice Kyteler, who was suspected of using witchcraft to kill her husband in 1324:

“In rifleing the closet of the ladie, they found a pipe of oyntment, wherewith she greased a staffe, upon which she ambled and galloped through thick and thin.”

Jordanes de Bergamo, a Medieval writer who studied witches’ behavior, had this to say in the 15th century:

“But the vulgar believe, and the witches confess, that on certain days or nights they anoint a staff and ride on it to the appointed place or anoint themselves under the arms and in other hairy places.”

After applying the ointment to the genitals with the broomstick, the psychoactive effects began to sit in. Getting high in this manner has been described as feeling weightless, like you’re disassociating from the ground, free to move in any direction. After straddling a greased-up hallucinogenic broomstick, the user subsequently experienced the feeling of flying. Over several centuries, the story morphed into what we commonly think of today.

However, it’s hard to know exactly how forthcoming the historical accounts are, particularly because of fear associated with witchcraft during that time. Most of these sources come from judges who may have embellished details and from accused witches, who likely gave forced confessions under extreme duress. 

Now the next time someone asks you, “Why do witches ride on broomsticks?” you’ll be able to proudly respond: “To shove hallucinogenic drugs into their vaginas, of course.”

Happy Halloween!

[Hat tip: David Kroll, Forbes]

[Header image by Phyllis via Flickr, article image “Broom” by dhendrix73 via Flickr. Licensed by CC.]

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-do-witches-fly-brooms