Prohibition in the United States was a national ban on the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol, in place from 1920 to 1933. The ban was mandated by the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and the Volstead Act set down the rules for enforcing the ban and defined the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, on December 5, 1933.
The introduction of alcohol prohibition and its subsequent enforcement in law was a hotly debated issue. The contemporary prohibitionists (“dries”) labeled this as the “Noble Experiment” and presented it as a victory for public morals and health. The consumption of alcohol overall went down by half in the 1920s; and it remained below pre-Prohibition levels until the 1940s.
Anti-prohibitionists (“wets”) criticized the alcohol ban as an intrusion of mainly rural Protestant ideals on a central aspect of urban, immigrant and Catholic everyday life. Effective enforcement of the alcohol ban during the Prohibition Era proved to be very difficult and led to widespread flouting of the law. The lack of a solid popular consensus for the ban resulted in the growth of vast criminal organizations, including the modern American Mafia, and various other criminal cliques. Widespread disrespect of the law also generated rampant corruption among politicians and within police forces. [Source: Wikipedia]
In the fascinating gallery below, courtesy of the Boston Public Library’s Leslie Jones Collection, we get a glimpse into the days of prohibition in Boston, Massachusetts. From the Rum Chasers and Rum Runners of the sea, to the speakeasy’s and stills in the city, these Prohibition-era photos provide a glimpse into one of more intriguing periods of U.S. history.
1. Fleet of Rum Chasers in East Boston – c. 1917-1934
2. $175,000 in Liquor Seized by Coast Guard – Jan. 18, 1932
$175,000 in liquor seized in Dorchester Bay by Coast Guard men from Base 5. Brought to US Customs Appraisers’ stores. Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
3. Speakeasy Raided and Destroyed by Federal Agents – Feb. 11, 1932
Speakeasy at 153 Causeway Street, raided and destroyed by Federal agents. The most elaborate joint ever built in Boston. Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
4. Ice Covered Rum Chaser – Jan. 20, 1926
Rum chaser – Dallas clad in ice after fighting severe gale in zero weather for 7- hours. Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
5. Boston Police Liquor Squad – 1928
Boston Police Liquor Squad led by Oliver Garrett (second from right) dressed up in evening clothes for visits to Boston hotels on New Year’s Eve. Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
6. Commissioner and Superintendent at Police HQ – 1935
Commissioner McSweeny and Superintendent King. Police Headquarters (possibly William E. Payne – Gunsmith / George F. Smith – Handwriting Expert). Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
7. Aerial Photo of a Seized Rum Runner – c. 1917-1934
8. Casks Seized by Police – c. 1930
Police from Division 9 with casks seized during Prohibition. Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
9. Aerial View of Rum Runners – c. 1917-1934
10. Man Operates Still out of the Back of a Carriage – c. 1917-1934
11. Rum Chasers: Beagle and Cunningham – Jan. 23, 1927
12. Newer Fleet of Rum Chasers: General Green & Frederick Lee – 1928
13. Superintendent Crowley Inspects a Speakeasy – 1930
14. Still Raided and Destroyed at Woburn by Federal Agents – 1934
15. Captured Rum Runner Brought to the Appraiser’s Stores – c. 1917-1934
16. Coast Guard Seizes a Rum Runner – c. 1917-1934
17. Still Explosion Kills Man in Reading – 1930
18. Fleet of Rum Chasers in East Boston – Dec. 30, 1928
19. Boat Suspected of Selling Alcohol is Inspected – c. 1917-1934
Boat with sign “Fresh Fish and Fruit” delivers bottled drinks to men on pier (possibly Prohibition selling illegal alcohol). Leslie Jones, 1886-1967 (photographer)
20. Officers Dismantle a Speakeasy After Raid – c. 1917-1934
Designed by Frédéric Bartholdi in collaboration with the French engineer Gustave Eiffel (who was responsible for its frame) and dedicated on October 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty is a large neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The statue was a gift to the United States from the people of France.
The project was a joint effort between the French and American peoples. The French would provide the statue while the Americans would provide the site and build the pedestal.
The Statue of Liberty stands at a height of 151 feet 1 inch (46 meters). From ground to torch it is 305 feet 1 inch (93 meters) tall. It is also recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Below you will find a gallery of rare photos of the Statue of Liberty under construction in 1883. The images are part of the New York Public Library’s Photography Collection.
1. Men in a workshop hammering sheets of copper for the construction of the Statue of Liberty
2. Men in a workshop hammering sheets of copper for the construction of the Statue of Liberty
3. View of the workshop, with models of the
Statue of Liberty in the background
4. Men at work on the construction
of the Statue of Liberty
5. Construction of the skeleton and plaster surface of the
left arm and hand of the Statue of Liberty
6. Head of the Statue of Liberty
on display in a park in Paris
7. The external area of the workshop in Paris,
including construction materials and the Statue head
8. Scaffolding for the assemblage of the Statue of Liberty
9. Assemblage of the Statue of Liberty in Paris,
with the bottom half of the statue erect under scaffolding
10. Assemblage of the Statue of Liberty in Paris
The Statue of Liberty’s design and construction were recognized at the time as one of the greatest technical achievements of the 19th century. It was hailed as a bridge between art and engineering. The exterior ‘envelope’ was composed of brass plaques, formed by hammering them in hard wood moulds made from plaster models. These plaques were then soldered and riveted together. After Bartholdi prefabricated the figure in Paris by moulding sheets of copper over a steel framework, it was shipped to the United States in 241 crates in 1885. [Source]
On Wednesday night, the hashtag #MexicanProblemsNight was trending on Twitter. These were some of the photos posted.
Some of the relatable topics addressed during last night’s hashtag party included:
1. That little white plastic spoon is absolutely essential.
3. Opening up a De La Rosa Mazapan is an art form.
If the first show you ever watched as a child was the daytime and nighttime novelas #mexicanproblemsnight
5. Are you pessimistic about life? Blame Silvia Pinal.
#mexicanproblemsnight -Mom, I'm bored-You are bored?Limpia los frijoles
7. Your mom always found a way to put you in check, even in front of God.
White moms vs Mexican moms in Church #mexicanproblemsnight
8. Who needs a hospital when you got Vick’s Vapor Rub?
#mexicanproblemsnight so true
10. Mexican moms are always right. ALWAYS.
12. Never ask this. ANYWHERE.
14. Who needs Tupperware when you’ve got these?
16. These blankets were there for you from the very beginning.
I can hear it #mexicanproblemsnight
Authentic Mexican cuisine:
18. Taco facts.
#mexicanproblemsnight getting hit bc you got one of these in your rosca
20. Your mom’s cooking sometimes involved coughing and teary eyes.
#mexicanproblemsnight when I ask my mom for Starbucks but she says no bc we have
‘A Trip Down Market Street‘ was shot on April 14, 1906, just four days before the San Francisco earthquake and fire, to which the negative was nearly lost. It was produced by moving picture photographers the Miles brothers (Harry, Herbert, Earle and Joe). Harry J. Miles hand-cranked the Bell & Howell camera which was placed on the front of a streetcar during filming on Market Street from 8th, in front of the Miles Studios, to the Ferry building.
A few days later the Miles brothers were en route to New York when they heard news of the earthquake. They sent the negative to NY, and returned to San Francisco to discover that their studios were destroyed.
Filmed during the era of silent film, Sound Designer and Engineer Mike Upchurch added sound to enhance the incredible video and immerse viewers into the hustle and bustle of San Francisco’s Market Street at the turn of the 20th century. Upchurch adds:
Automobile sounds are all either Ford Model T, or Model A, which came out later, but which have similarly designed engines, and sound quite close to the various cars shown in the film. The horns are slightly inaccurate as mostly bulb horns were used at the time, but were substituted by the far more recognizable electric “oogaa” horns, which came out a couple years later. The streetcar sounds are actual San Francisco streetcars. Doppler effect was used to align the sounds.
We actually shared an earlier version of this amazing film back in 2015, however this updated version contains new footage and combines the best elements of prints from the Prelinger Archives and Library of Congress.
No, this video from 2009 that just went viral now is not from a cheesy 90′s movie. The vintage footage is from a a documentary showing nuns learning martial arts for self defense. Trust me, don’t mess with these sisters. The video is featured on Neatorama.
We all generally see life hacks as a new trend to make life better and cigarettes as an undeniable way to, eventually, make life suck. (Sorry, smokers.)
However, way back in 1900-1910, the two clashing ideas were combined to create these helpful cards which came along with the purchase of Gallaher’s brand cigarettes. But unlike the fact that cigarettes are in no way beneficial, these old-timey tips actually hold up. Channel your inner boy scout and see for yourself!
1.) How To Extract A Splinter
2.) How To Fell A Tree
3.) Keeping Plants Watered While Away
4.) How To Light A Match In The Wind
5.) How To Make A Chair To Cross A Stream
6.) How To Make A Fire Extinguisher
7.) How To Make A Water Filter
8.) How To Preserve Eggs
9.) How To Stop A Mad Dog
Hopefully you’re never in a position to need that last one, but it is good to be prepared.
Share the timeless tips with your friends using the buttons below!
Read more: http://viralnova.com/old-life-hacks/
Glas is a 1959 OscarÂ®-winning short film on glass-blowing and glass-making automation, directed by Bert Haanstra. The film contrasts the production of hand made crystal from the Royal Leerdam Glass Factory with automated bottle making machines in the Netherlands.
The wordless film says a lot without saying a word.
All you have to do if you really want to marvel at human progress when it comes to photography is scroll through your Instagram feed.
Once a privilege reserved for few, capturing life through a camera lens is now something most of us do on a daily basis. Seeing images of babies, pets, and incredible destinations is commonplace now, but when the first photograph was taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1827, the most mundane image is the one that changed history.
Known today as “View from the Window at Le Gras” this blurry photograph of a barley discernible view was a contemporary marvel. Let’s take a walk through human history by checking out these amazing photographic firsts.
1. The First Photograph — 1827
Niépce’s “View from the Window at Le Gras” is considered the first-ever photograph and it was taken in Saint-Loup-de-Varennes, France. Although gritty, the image captures parts of a building and the photographer’s surrounding estate.
2. The First Photograph of a Person — 1838
The person in the lower lefthand corner of this image has gone down in history as the first ever human photographic subject. Louis Daguerre, for whom the famous Daguerreotype process was named, most likely took this from his apartment window.
3. The First Selfie — 1839
Philadelphia-based photography enthusiast Robert Cornelius uncovered the lens, entered the frame, sat in place for one minute, and covered the lens again to capture what is now known as the first self-portrait photograph in history.
4. The First Hoax Photograph — 1840
Although photographer Hippolyte Bayard had developed a photographic process before Daguerre, who is traditionally heralded as being the Father of Photography, he didn’t release his findings quickly enough. Daguerre stole the spotlight by rolling out his own method, so as a response, Bayard released this photo of what appeared to be an image of him dead by drowning. This was, of course, a hoax.
5. The First Moon Photograph — 1840
The first image of the moon was a Daguerrotype captured by John W. Draper. Because of poor storage, it is now pretty heavily damaged.
6. The First Photograph of an American President — 1843
Our sixth president, John Quincey Adams, became the first American president to have his photo taken, but it was after he’d already left office.
7. The First Aerial Photograph — 1860
Photographer James Wallace Black shot this photo from a hot air balloon over Boston at an altitude of 2,000 feet.
8. The First Color Photograph — 1861
Thomas Sutton, who went on to invent the SLR camera, pressed the shutter button to take this photo of a tartan ribbon. The man behind the science that made it all possible, however, was a physicist by the name of James Clerk Maxwell.
9. First Photograph of a Battle in Progress — 1870
This 1870 image is the first-known photograph of a battle in progress and it shows Prussian advancement toward French troops. Although the first war photographer was an American named Matthew Brady who’d begun working about two decades prior, the above image is still believed to be the first of an ongoing battle.
10. The First Landscape Photograph in Color — 1877
Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron, who is known as one of the first great innovators of color photography, took this shot of a scene in Southern France.
11. The First Photograph of a Tornado — 1884
This tornado was immortalized in Kansas by a fruit farmer. To capture it, he used a box camera and snapped the photo from 14 miles away.
12. The First Photograph of Earth from Space — 1950
A V-2 rocket snapped this shot from space in 1950. When it was released, copy surrounding the image was framed as “how our Earth would look to visitors from another planet coming in on a spaceship.”
13. The First Digital Photograph — 1957
The first digital photo came as a result of technological developments by Russell A. Kirsch that allowed graphics to be scanned to computer memory. This image is of his son, Walden.
While some of these images seem basic by today’s standards, we probably wouldn’t be sharing our lives on Instagram if they’d never been taken.
When practical photography was born in 1839, the simple act of capturing basic portraits and images of everyday objects was a feat of epic and almost unfathomable proportions. That being said, it didn’t take very long for burgeoning photographers to start experimenting with form and function.
About 80 years after the craft’s inception, Arthur Mole and John Thomas decided to develop a series that was unlike anything that had ever been done before. By organizing groups of American soldiers into iconic images that pay homage to some of our nation’s most influential figures, the two achieved an effect that’s beyond impressive (even by today’s standards).
Thomas was in charge of organizing the troops into recognizable images, and Mole was tasked with climbing an 80-foot viewing tower and capturing the photos.
The Human U.S. Shield (1918) — 30,000 officers and men
The Living Allied Flags (1918)
Mole fittingly referred to the pictures in this series as “living photographs.”
Living Portrait of Woodrow Wilson (1918) — 21,000 officers and men
Living Portrait of Woodrow Wilson (detail)
These photos boosted morale as U.S. troops continued serving in World War I.
The Zion Shield (1920)
Human Statue of Liberty (1918) — 18,000 officers
Most impressively of all, every picture was captured with a simple 11 x 14-inch camera.
Living Emblem of the United States Marines (1919)
(via Amusing Planet)
To see more pictures from this collection, check out the rest over on the Library of Congress website.
Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/arthur-mole-images/
With over 17,000 historic photos on Flickr, the Library of Congress is a treasure trove for vintage awesomeness. Not only do the fine people at the LOC share an amazing archive for the world to enjoy, but they also categorize and tag many of the images, helping others sort through their extensive collections.
One tag that caught my eye was ‘great mustaches of the LOC‘. With approximately 350 photos tagged as such, I knew I would not be disappointed.
I went through all 350 this morning and below are the Sifter’s 25 personal favourites. Enjoy my friends!
1. General Von Hindenburg c1910-1915
2. Cammdr. Michael Elder vom Appel c1910-1915
3. W.C. Redfield c1910-1915
4. General Grippenberg c1910-1915
5. Kaiser Wilhelm II 1910-1915
6. General Fushimi c1910-1915
7. Gen. Jose Santos Zelaya, former President of Nicaragua 1913
8. Lopez Munos c1910-1915
9. S. Hirai c1910-1915
10. General De Mas-Latrie
11. Prince Sulkowski c1910-1915
12. Dr. Francisco Bertrand, President of Honduras 1913
13. Archduke Leopold Salvator c1910-1915
14. Jose L. Requena c1910-1915
15. Benton McMillin c1910-1915
16. Paul Doumer c1910-1915
17. N. Cochon c1910
18. O.M. Marling 1914
19. Goremykin 1914
20. Dr. John T. Gerin c1910-1915
21. King of Rumania c1910-1915
22. General Desfontaines
23. Archduke Franz Salvatore c1910-1915
24. J.J. Lannin 1913
25. Major General Ambrose E. Burnside c1860-1865